Leukemia, and Lymphopenia

Diseases related with Leukemia and Lymphopenia

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Leukemia and Lymphopenia that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

High match TN POLYAGGLUTINATION SYNDROME; TNPS


Polyagglutination refers to red blood cells that agglutinate upon exposure to almost all human sera, but not to autologous serum or the sera of newborns. The condition becomes apparent during blood typing and cross-matching in the laboratory (summary by Beck, 2000).Tn polyagglutination syndrome is an acquired clonal disorder characterized by the polyagglutination of red blood cells by naturally occurring anti-Tn antibodies following exposure of the Tn antigen on the surface of erythrocytes. Only a subset of red cells express the antigen, which can also be expressed on platelets and leukocytes. This condition may occur in healthy individuals who manifest asymptomatic anemia, leukopenia, or thrombocytopenia; however, there is also an association between the Tn antigen and leukemia or myelodysplastic disorders. The Tn antigen is an incompletely glycosylated membrane glycoprotein with an exposed N-acetylgalactosamine residue. The Tn antigen results from inactivation of C1GALT1C1, which encodes a chaperone required for the correct functioning of T-synthetase (C1GALT1 ), an enzyme essential for the correct biosynthesis of O-glycans. Absence of active T-synthetase results in exposure of GalNAc residues, with a proportion of these residues becoming sialylated and forming a sialyl-Tn antigen (summary by Vainchenker et al., 1985 and Crew et al., 2008).

TN POLYAGGLUTINATION SYNDROME; TNPS Is also known as galactosyltransferase deficiency

Related symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Autoimmunity
  • Leukemia
  • Hemolytic anemia


SOURCES: MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about TN POLYAGGLUTINATION SYNDROME; TNPS

Medium match BLOOD GROUP, MN; MN


MN antigens reside on GYPA, one of the most abundant red-cell glycoproteins. The M and N antigens are 2 autosomal codominant antigens encoded by the first 5 amino acids of GYPA and include 3 O-linked glycans as part of the epitope. M and N differ at amino acids 1 and 5, where M is ser-ser-thr-thr-gly, and N is leu-ser-thr-thr-glu. M is the ancestral GYPA allele and is common in all human populations and Old World apes. GYPA, glycophorin B (GYPB ), and glycophorin E (GYPE ) are closely linked on chromosome 4q31. The N terminus of GYPB is essentially identical to that of GYPA except that it always expresses the N antigen, denoted 'N' or N-prime. Antigens of the Ss blood group (OMIM ) reside on GYPB, and recombination and gene conversion between GYPA, GYPB, and GYPE lead to hybrid glycophorin molecules and generation of low-incidence antigens. Thus, the MN and Ss blood groups are together referred to as the MNSs or MNS blood group system. The U antigen refers to a short extracellular sequence in GYPB located near the membrane. Recombination results in 3 glycophorin-null phenotypes: En(a-) cells lack GYPA due to recombination between GYPA and GYPB; GYPB-negative (S-s-U-) cells lack GYPB due to recombination in GYPB; and M(k) cells (M-N-S-s-U-) lack both GYPA and GYPB due to recombination between GYPA and GYPE. Individuals with glycophorin-null phenotypes have decreased sialic acid content and increased resistance to malarial infection (see {611162}). GYPA and GYPB are not essential for red-cell development or survival, and GYPA- and GYPB-null phenotypes are not associated with anemia or altered red-cell function (review by Cooling, 2015).

BLOOD GROUP, MN; MN Is also known as mn blood group

Related symptoms:

  • Neoplasm
  • Anemia
  • Leukemia


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about BLOOD GROUP, MN; MN

Low match ERYTHROLEUKEMIA, FAMILIAL


Familial erythroleukemia is a leukemic or preleukemic state in which red cell proliferation is the predominant feature. Hematologic characteristics include particularly ineffective and hyperplastic erythropoiesis with megaloblastic components accompanied by myeloblastic proliferation of varying degree (Park et al., 2002).Park et al. (2002) discussed the evolution of the definition of 'erythroleukemia,' which is considered by most to be a subtype of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML ). Controversy about the precise definition of erythroleukemia revolves around the number or percentage of erythroblasts and myeloblasts found in the bone marrow and peripheral circulation. In the French-American-British (FAB) classification system (Bennett et al., 1985), it is known as AML-M6, whereas in the revised World Health Organization (WHO) classification system (Harris et al., 1999), it is known as 'AML, not otherwise categorized' (Zini and D'Onofrio, 2004).

ERYTHROLEUKEMIA, FAMILIAL Is also known as di guglielmo disease, familial|leukemia, acute myelogenous, m6

Related symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Leukemia
  • Leukopenia
  • Myelodysplasia
  • Acute myeloid leukemia


SOURCES: OMIM MESH MENDELIAN

More info about ERYTHROLEUKEMIA, FAMILIAL

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Other less relevant matches:

Low match PANCYTOPENIA DUE TO IKZF1 MUTATIONS


Pancytopenia due to IKZF1 mutations is a rare syndrome with combined immunodeficiency characterized by a variable clinical presentation ranging from asymptomatic individuals to potentially life-threatening, recurrent bacterial infections associated with progressive loss of serum immunoglobulins and B cells.

PANCYTOPENIA DUE TO IKZF1 MUTATIONS Is also known as cid due to ikaros deficiency|combined immunodeficiency due to ikaros deficiency

Related symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Edema
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Recurrent infections
  • Thrombocytopenia


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about PANCYTOPENIA DUE TO IKZF1 MUTATIONS

Low match THIOPURINES, POOR METABOLISM OF, 1; THPM1


THPM1 is an autosomal recessive trait associated with severe hematopoietic toxicity when patients are treated with standard doses of the antineoplastic agents 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) or 6-thioguanine (6TG), or the immunosuppressant azathioprine (AZA) (Lennard et al., 1989).The thiopurines are prodrugs that require extensive metabolism in order to exert their cytotoxic action. Azathioprine is nonenzymatically reduced to 6MP. 6MP and 6TG are activated by HPRT (OMIM ) and subsequent steps to form cytotoxic thioguanine nucleotides (TGNs) which are incorporated into DNA and/or RNA, causing DNA-protein cross-links, single-strand breaks, interstrand cross-links, and sister chromatid exchange. TPMT functions mainly to inactivate these drugs; thus, a deficiency of TPMT results in increased conversion to toxic TGNs, which can result in myelosuppression (Coulthard and Hogarth, 2005). However, 6MP is unique in that it can also be converted via TPMT into a methyl-thioinosine 5-prime monophosphate (MeTIMP), a metabolite that inhibits de novo purine synthesis and likely contributes to the cytotoxic effect of 6MP (Vogt et al., 1993; Krynetski et al., 1995; Coulthard and Hogarth, 2005). Genetic Heterogeneity of Poor Thiopurine MetabolismSee also THPM2 (OMIM ), caused by variation in the NUDT15 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 13q14.

THIOPURINES, POOR METABOLISM OF, 1; THPM1 Is also known as thiopurine s-methyltransferase deficiency|tpmt deficiency|tpmtd

Related symptoms:

  • Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis
  • Autoimmunity
  • Leukemia
  • Pancytopenia
  • Bone marrow hypocellularity


SOURCES: MESH ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about THIOPURINES, POOR METABOLISM OF, 1; THPM1

Low match DDX41-RELATED HEMATOLOGIC MALIGNANCY PREDISPOSITION SYNDROME


Familial myeloproliferative/lymphoproliferative neoplasms is an autosomal dominant cancer predisposition syndrome characterized by adult-onset of hematologic malignancies mainly affecting the myeloid line. Most patients present with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS ) and/or acute myeloid leukemia (AML ). Rare lymphoid malignancies, including lymphoma, can also occur. Some mutation carriers, even if unaffected by a hematologic malignancy, may have evidence of immune dysregulation disorders, including asthma, eczema, or juvenile arthritis. The disorder shows incomplete penetrance (summary by Lewinsohn et al., 2016). Patients may show a favorable response to treatment with lenalidomide (summary by Polprasert et al., 2015).

Related symptoms:

  • Neoplasm
  • Anemia
  • Arthritis
  • Leukemia
  • Asthma


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about DDX41-RELATED HEMATOLOGIC MALIGNANCY PREDISPOSITION SYNDROME

Low match IMMUNODEFICIENCY 36; IMD36


IMD36 is a primary immunodeficiency with a highly heterogeneous clinical phenotype, characterized primarily by recurrent respiratory tract infections, lymphoproliferation, and antibody deficiency. Other features include growth retardation, mild neurodevelopmental delay, and autoimmunity. The major complication is development of B-cell lymphoma (Elkaim et al., 2016).

Related symptoms:

  • Growth delay
  • Diarrhea
  • Splenomegaly
  • Immunodeficiency
  • Recurrent respiratory infections


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about IMMUNODEFICIENCY 36; IMD36

Low match MONOCYTOPENIA WITH SUSCEPTIBILITY TO INFECTIONS


Monocytopenia with susceptibility to infections is a rare, genetic, primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by profound circulating monocytopenia, B- and NK-cell lymphopenia and severe dentritic cell decrease, which manifests clinically with disseminated mycobacterial and viral infections, as well as opportunistic fungal and parasitic infections and frequent pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Predisposition to developping myeloid neoplasms is associated.

MONOCYTOPENIA WITH SUSCEPTIBILITY TO INFECTIONS Is also known as dendritic cell, monocyte, b and nk lymphoid deficiency|dcml|dendritic cell, monocyte, b lymphocyte, and natural killer lymphocyte deficiency|monocytopenia with susceptibility to mycobacterial, fungal, and papillomavirus infections and myelodysplasia|monoc

Related symptoms:

  • Hearing impairment
  • Sensorineural hearing impairment
  • Anemia
  • Hypertension
  • Immunodeficiency


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about MONOCYTOPENIA WITH SUSCEPTIBILITY TO INFECTIONS

Low match STAT3-RELATED EARLY-ONSET MULTISYSTEM AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE


Infantile-onset multisystem autoimmune disease-1 is characterized by early childhood onset of a spectrum of autoimmune disorders affecting multiple organs. Common manifestations include insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and autoimmune enteropathy, or celiac disease, and autoimmune hematologic disorders. Other features include short stature and nonspecific dermatitis. More variable features include hypothyroidism, autoimmune arthritis, and delayed puberty. Some patients may show recurrent infections. The disorder results from an inborn error of cytokine signaling (summary by Flanagan et al., 2014 and Milner et al., 2015). Genetic Heterogeneity of Infantile-Onset Multisystem Autoimmune DiseaseSee also ADMIO2 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the ZAP70 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 2q12.

Related symptoms:

  • Short stature
  • Pain
  • Anemia
  • Abnormality of the dentition
  • Immunodeficiency


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about STAT3-RELATED EARLY-ONSET MULTISYSTEM AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE

Low match LEUKEMIA, ACUTE MYELOID; AML


LEUKEMIA, ACUTE MYELOID; AML Is also known as leukemia, acute myelogenous

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Neoplasm
  • Pain
  • Anemia
  • Fever


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about LEUKEMIA, ACUTE MYELOID; AML

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Leukemia and Lymphopenia

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Anemia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Leukopenia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Thrombocytopenia Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Pancytopenia Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Decreased antibody level in blood Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Leukemia and Lymphopenia. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Recurrent infections Immunodeficiency Acute myeloid leukemia Autoimmunity Myelodysplasia Arthritis Neoplasm Acute monocytic leukemia Lymphadenopathy Myeloid leukemia Bone marrow hypocellularity

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Hypothyroidism Pneumonia Pain Hepatosplenomegaly Respiratory tract infection Recurrent respiratory infections Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Eczema Lymphoma Neutropenia B lymphocytopenia Hemolytic anemia Recurrent bacterial infections Acute lymphoblastic leukemia Abnormality of blood and blood-forming tissues Abnormal intestine morphology Atopic dermatitis Autoimmune thrombocytopenia Autoimmune hemolytic anemia Scleroderma Celiac disease Colitis Interstitial pulmonary abnormality Abnormal lung morphology Type I diabetes mellitus Primary hypothyroidism Inflammatory abnormality of the skin Delayed puberty Arthralgia Diabetes mellitus Abnormality of the dentition Abnormal erythrocyte morphology Short stature Abnormal natural killer cell morphology Recurrent ear infections Seizures Interstitial pneumonitis Coma Chronic pain Night sweats Ecchymosis Gingival bleeding Neuroblastoma Petechiae Menorrhagia Sarcoma Bruising susceptibility Monocytopenia Confusion Scarring Dyspnea Weight loss Respiratory failure Headache Respiratory distress Fatigue Fever Recurrent mycobacterium avium complex infections Alveolar proteinosis Severe viral infections Diarrhea B-cell lymphoma Neurodevelopmental delay Inflammation of the large intestine Recurrent upper respiratory tract infections Bronchiectasis Chronic diarrhea Aspiration Splenomegaly Growth delay Recurrent sinopulmonary infections Erythroid dysplasia Monocytosis Refractory anemia Immune dysregulation Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis Systemic lupus erythematosus Melanoma Pancreatitis Glomerulonephritis Allergy Chronic lymphatic leukemia Asthma Lymphedema Panniculitis Recurrent fungal infections Verrucae Recurrent viral infections Aplastic anemia Severe sensorineural hearing impairment Venous thrombosis Spontaneous abortion Recurrent otitis media Enlarged tonsils Pulmonary arterial hypertension Nephrotic syndrome Otitis media Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts Edema Polyhydramnios Hypertension Sensorineural hearing impairment Hearing impairment Acute promyelocytic leukemia



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