Fever, and Dehydration

Diseases related with Fever and Dehydration

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Fever and Dehydration that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

High match FAMILIAL HYPERRENINEMIC HYPOALDOSTERONISM TYPE 1


CMO type I deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by a defect in the penultimate biochemical step of aldosterone biosynthesis, the 18-hydroxylation of corticosterone (B) to 18-hydroxycorticosterone (18-OHB). This enzymatic defect results in decreased aldosterone and salt-wasting. In CMO I deficiency, aldosterone is undetectable, whereas its immediate precursor, 18-OHB, is low or normal. These patients have an increased ratio of corticosterone to 18-OHB (Portrat-Doyen et al., 1998).The CYP11B2 gene product also catalyzes the final step in aldosterone biosynthesis: the 18-oxidation of 18-OHB to aldosterone. A defect in that enzymatic step results in CMO type II deficiency (OMIM ), an allelic disorder with an overlapping phenotype but distinct biochemical features. In CMO II deficiency, aldosterone can be low or normal, but at the expense of increased secretion of 18-OHB. These patients have a low ratio of corticosterone to 18-OHB (Portrat-Doyen et al., 1998).

FAMILIAL HYPERRENINEMIC HYPOALDOSTERONISM TYPE 1 Is also known as steroid 18-hydroxylase deficiency|cmo i|aldosterone deficiency due to defect in steroid 18-hydroxylase|18-hydroxylase deficiency|18-oxidase deficiency|aldosterone deficiency i|fhha1|hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism, familial, 1|aldosterone synthase defici

Related symptoms:

  • Growth delay
  • Failure to thrive
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Fever
  • Vomiting


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about FAMILIAL HYPERRENINEMIC HYPOALDOSTERONISM TYPE 1

Medium match DIABETES INSIPIDUS, NEPHROGENIC, AUTOSOMAL


Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is caused by the inability of the renal collecting ducts to absorb water in response to antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also known as arginine vasopressin (AVP ). Approximately 90% of patients are males with the X-linked recessive form, type I (OMIM ), which is caused by mutation in the gene encoding the vasopressin V2 receptor (AVPR2 ). The remaining 10% of patients have the autosomal form, type II, caused by mutation in the AQP2 gene (Morello and Bichet, 2001).Neurogenic, or central, diabetes insipidus (CDI ) is caused by mutation in the gene encoding arginine vasopressin, located on 20p13.

DIABETES INSIPIDUS, NEPHROGENIC, AUTOSOMAL Is also known as diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, type ii

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Short stature
  • Failure to thrive
  • Feeding difficulties


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about DIABETES INSIPIDUS, NEPHROGENIC, AUTOSOMAL

Medium match NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS


Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI) is characterized by polyuria with polydipsia, recurrent bouts of fever, constipation, and acute hypernatremic dehydration after birth that may cause neurological sequelae. Polyuria may exceed 10 litres in children.

NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS Is also known as ndi|diabetes insipidus, nephrogenic, type i

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Growth delay


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS

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Other less relevant matches:

Medium match FAMILIAL COLD URTICARIA


Familial cold urticaria (FCAS) is the mildest form of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome (CAPS; see this term) and is characterized by recurrent episodes of urticaria-like skin rash triggered by exposure to cold associated with low-grade fever, general malaise, eye redness and arthralgia/myalgia.

FAMILIAL COLD URTICARIA Is also known as fcas|familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome|fcu

Related symptoms:

  • Sensorineural hearing impairment
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Hyperhidrosis


SOURCES: ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about FAMILIAL COLD URTICARIA

Medium match RETICULAR DYSGENESIS


Reticular dysgenesis is the most severe form of severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID; see this term) and is characterized by bilateral sensorineural deafness and a lack of innate and adaptive immune functions leading to fatal septicemia within days after birth if not treated.

RETICULAR DYSGENESIS Is also known as congenital aleukia|scid with leukopenia|de vaal disease|hematopoietic hypoplasia, generalized|reticular dysgenesia|congenital aleukocytosis|severe combined immunodeficiency with leukopenia|ak2 deficiency|aleukocytosis|generalized hematopoietic hypoplasia

Related symptoms:

  • Hearing impairment
  • Failure to thrive
  • Anemia
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about RETICULAR DYSGENESIS

Medium match DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1


Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS), also known as hereditary xerocytosis, is an autosomal dominant hemolytic anemia characterized by primary erythrocyte dehydration. DHS erythrocytes exhibit decreased total cation and potassium content that are not accompanied by a proportional net gain of sodium and water. DHS patients typically exhibit mild to moderate compensated hemolytic anemia, with an increased erythrocyte mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and a decreased osmotic fragility, both of which reflect cellular dehydration (summary by Zarychanski et al., 2012). Patients may also show perinatal edema and pseudohyperkalemia due to loss of K+ from red cells stored at room temperature. A minor proportion of red cells appear as stomatocytes on blood films. Complications such as splenomegaly and cholelithiasis, resulting from increased red cell trapping in the spleen and elevated bilirubin levels, respectively, may occur. The course of DHS is frequently associated with iron overload, which may lead to hepatosiderosis (summary by Albuisson et al., 2013).Dehydrated red blood cells, including those from hereditary xerocytosis patients, show delayed infection rates to Plasmodium in vitro, suggesting a potential protective mechanism against malaria (Tiffert et al., 2005). A polymorphism in PIEZO1 that is enriched in populations of African descent and results in xerocytosis conferred resistance to Plasmodium infection in vitro (see {611184.0016}).The 'leaky red blood cells' in familial pseudohyperkalemia show a temperature-dependent loss of potassium when stored at room temperature, manifesting as apparent hyperkalemia. The red blood cells show a reduced life span in vivo, but there is no frank hemolysis. Studies of cation content and transport show a marginal increase in permeability at 37 degrees C and a degree of cellular dehydration, qualitatively similar to the changes seen in dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis. Physiologic studies show that the passive leak of potassium has an abnormal temperature dependence, such that the leak is less sensitive to temperature than that in normal cells (summary by Iolascon et al., 1999).Carella et al. (2004) noted that 3 clinical forms of pseudohyperkalemia unassociated with hematologic manifestations, based predominantly on the leak-temperature dependence curve, had been reported: (1) pseudohyperkalemia Edinburgh, in which the curve has a shallow slope; (2) pseudohyperkalemia Chiswick or Falkirk (see {609153}), in which the curve is shouldered; and (3) pseudohyperkalemia Cardiff (see {609153}), in which the temperature dependence of the leak shows a 'U-shaped' profile with a minimum at 23 degrees C. Gore et al. (2004) stated that potassium-flux temperature profiles are consistent both from year to year in an individual as well as consistent within affected members of a pedigree. Genetic Heterogeneity of Hereditary StomatocytosisDehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis-2 (DHS2 ) is caused by mutation in the KCNN4 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 19q13. Another form of stomatocytosis, involving familial pseudohyperkalemia with minimal hematologic abnormalities (PSHK2 ), is caused by mutation in the ABCB6 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 2q35. Cryohydrocytosis (CHC ) is caused by mutation in the SLC4A1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 17q21, and stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects (SDCHCN ) is caused by mutation in the SLC2A1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 1p34. An overhydrated form of hereditary stomatocytosis (OHST ) is caused by mutation in the RHAG gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 6p12.See {137280} for a discussion of the association of familial stomatocytosis and hypertrophic gastritis in the dog, an autosomal recessive syndrome. ReviewsDelaunay (2004) reviewed genetic disorders of red cell membrane permeability to monovalent cations, noting 'inevitable' overlap between entities based on clinical phenotype.Bruce (2009) provided a review of hereditary stomatocytosis and cation-leaky red cells, stating that consistent features include hemolytic anemia, a monovalent cation leak, and changes in red cell morphology that appear to follow a continuum, from normal discocyte to stomatocyte to echinocyte in DHS, and from discocyte to stomatocyte to spherocyte to fragmentation in OHST. Bruce (2009) suggested that the underlying pathologic mechanism might involve misfolded mutant proteins that escape the quality control system of the cell and reach the red cell membrane, where they disrupt the red cell membrane structure and cause a cation leak that alters the hydration of the red cell, thereby changing the morphology and viability of the cell.King and Zanella (2013) provided an overview of 2 groups of nonimmune hereditary red cell membrane disorders caused by defects in membrane proteins located in distinct layers of the red cell membrane: red cell cytoskeleton disorders, including hereditary spherocytosis (see {182900}), hereditary elliptocytosis (see {611804}), and hereditary pyropoikilocytosis (OMIM ); and cation permeability disorders of the red cell membrane, or hereditary stomatocytoses, including DHS, OHST, CHC, and PSHK. The authors noted that because there is no specific screening test for the hereditary stomatocytoses, a preliminary diagnosis is based on the presence of a compensated hemolytic anemia, macrocytosis, and a temperature- or time-dependent pseudohyperkalemia in some patients. King et al. (2015) reported the International Council for Standardization in Haematology (ICSH) guidelines for laboratory diagnosis of nonimmune hereditary red cell membrane disorders.

DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1 Is also known as pseudohyperkalemia, familial, 1, due to red cell leak|pshk1|dhs|dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis|xerocytosis, hereditary|desiccytosis, hereditary|pseudohyperkalemia edinburgh

Related symptoms:

  • Anemia
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Edema


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1

Medium match OVERHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS


Overhydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (OHSt) is a disorder of red cell membrane permeability to monovalent cations and is characterized clinically by hemolytic anemia.

OVERHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS Is also known as ohs|potassium-sodium disorder of erythrocyte

Related symptoms:

  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Pain
  • Anemia
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Fever


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MESH MENDELIAN

More info about OVERHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS

Medium match 3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARIC ACIDURIA


3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria (3HMG) is an organic aciduria, due to deficiency of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA-lyase (a key enzyme in ketogenesis and leucine metabolism) usually presenting in infancy with episodes of metabolic decompensation triggered by periods of fasting or infections, which when left untreated are life-threatening and may lead to neurological sequelae.

3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARIC ACIDURIA Is also known as hydroxymethylglutaric aciduria|hmg-coa lyase deficiency|3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coa lyase deficiency|hmgcl deficiency|hl deficiency

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Spasticity
  • Anemia


SOURCES: ORPHANET MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about 3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARIC ACIDURIA

Medium match DIABETES INSIPIDUS, NEUROHYPOPHYSEAL


Neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus is an autosomal dominant disorder of free water conservation characterized by childhood onset of polyuria and polydipsia. Affected individuals are apparently normal at birth, but characteristically develop symptoms of vasopression deficiency during childhood (summary by Wahlstrom et al., 2004).

DIABETES INSIPIDUS, NEUROHYPOPHYSEAL Is also known as diabetes insipidus, cranial type|diabetes insipidus, primary central|cdi

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Growth delay
  • Hypertelorism
  • Neoplasm


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about DIABETES INSIPIDUS, NEUROHYPOPHYSEAL

Medium match AUTOSOMAL AGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA


Agammaglobulinemia, non-Bruton type (autosomal agammaglobulinemia) is a rare form of agammaglobulinemia, a primary immunodeficiency disease, and is characterized by variable immune dysfunction with frequent and recurrent bacterial infections and/or chronic diarrhea.

AUTOSOMAL AGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA Is also known as agammaglobulinemia, autosomal recessive, due to ighm defect|agammaglobulinemia, non-bruton type

Related symptoms:

  • Hypertelorism
  • Failure to thrive
  • High palate
  • Epicanthus
  • Fever


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about AUTOSOMAL AGAMMAGLOBULINEMIA

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Fever and Dehydration

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Fatigue Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Vomiting Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Failure to thrive Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Seizures Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Diarrhea Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Fever and Dehydration. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Anemia Polydipsia Irritability Hepatomegaly Hypertonic dehydration Diabetes insipidus Polyuria Constipation Growth delay Intellectual disability Feeding difficulties Feeding difficulties in infancy

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Sepsis Short stature Conjunctivitis Intermittent jaundice Hypotension Immunodeficiency Recurrent respiratory infections Weight loss Skin rash Malabsorption Decreased antibody level in blood Abdominal pain Spherocytosis Abnormality of mitochondrial metabolism Chronic otitis media Reticulocytosis Hyperbilirubinemia Hepatitis Hemolytic anemia Pallor Hypertelorism Edema Arthritis Stomatocytosis Jaundice Increased intracellular sodium Cough Hyperkalemia Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus Hypernatremia Megacystis Unexplained fevers Nausea and vomiting Generalized hypotonia Pollakisuria Lethargy Global developmental delay Splenomegaly Coma Nocturia Dicarboxylic aciduria Spasticity Hyperammonemia Increased red cell osmotic fragility Congenital hemolytic anemia Increased level of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acid in urine Increased level of hippuric acid in urine Aciduria 3-Methylglutaric aciduria Apathy Hyperuricemia Nonketotic hypoglycemia Glutaric aciduria Acute pancreatitis EEG abnormality Excessive daytime somnolence Decreased plasma carnitine Ketonuria Sideroblastic anemia Organic aciduria Recurrent hypoglycemia Pancreatitis Myoclonus Acidosis Hypoglycemia Metabolic acidosis Abnormality of the cerebral white matter Poikilocytosis Enuresis Neoplasm Recurrent skin infections Neutropenia Recurrent otitis media Chronic diarrhea Bronchiectasis Sinusitis Meningitis Recurrent pneumonia Recurrent bacterial infections Encephalitis Recurrent infections Osteomyelitis Cellulitis Bronchitis Recurrent sinusitis External ear malformation Agammaglobulinemia Verrucae B lymphocytopenia Crohn's disease Pneumonia Epicanthus Short nose Vertigo Long philtrum Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis Osteoporosis Diabetes mellitus Osteopenia Autoimmunity Dry skin Confusion Wide nose High palate Gliosis Syncope Growth hormone deficiency Orthostatic hypotension Increased antibody level in blood Histiocytosis Central diabetes insipidus Abnormality of the anterior pituitary Germinoma Anisocytosis Elliptocytosis Pulmonary fibrosis Skin ulcer Myalgia Erythema Pruritus Urticaria Dysesthesia Hearing impairment Lymphopenia Hyperhidrosis Leukopenia Combined immunodeficiency IgA deficiency Severe combined immunodeficiency Hypoplasia of the thymus Cellular immunodeficiency Abnormality of neutrophils Arthralgia Headache Granulocytopenia Polyhydramnios Failure to thrive in infancy Hyponatremia Episodic fever Renal salt wasting Decreased circulating aldosterone level Increased circulating renin level Renal insufficiency Hydronephrosis Sensorineural hearing impairment Anorexia Hydroureter Hypovolemia Enuresis nocturna Hyposthenuria Functional abnormality of the bladder Hypernatremic dehydration Impaired T cell function Abnormality of the thymus Brittle hair Increased red cell hemolysis by shear stress Portal vein thrombosis Compensated hemolytic anemia Schistocytosis Pyropoikilocytosis Recurrent thromboembolism Increased mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration Exercise-induced hemolysis Pain Antiphospholipid antibody positivity Hepatosplenomegaly Rigidity Respiratory tract infection Lactic acidosis Nephropathy Hepatic steatosis Hydrops fetalis Chronic hemolytic anemia Hemoglobinuria Aplasia of the thymus Muscular dystrophy Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the thymus Agranulocytosis Congenital agranulocytosis Lack of T cell function Respiratory failure Elevated hepatic transaminase Abnormality of the liver Ascites Gastritis Cholelithiasis Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy Pericardial effusion Thromboembolism Increased serum ferritin Esophageal varix Generalized edema Recurrent enteroviral infections



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