Cleft palate, and Iris coloboma

Diseases related with Cleft palate and Iris coloboma

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Cleft palate and Iris coloboma that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

Medium match UVEAL COLOBOMA-CLEFT LIP AND PALATE-INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY


Uveal coloboma-cleft lip and palate-intellectual disability is characterised by coloboma of the iris, bilateral cleft lip and palate, and intellectual deficiency of varying degree. A wide variability in clinical expression is observed. Some patients also present with microphthalmia, cataract, glaucoma, ptosis, sensorineural hearing loss and haematuria. To date, 12 cases have been described from three generations of a single family. Transmission is autosomal dominant.

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Hearing impairment
  • Nystagmus
  • Strabismus
  • Sensorineural hearing impairment


SOURCES: MESH OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about UVEAL COLOBOMA-CLEFT LIP AND PALATE-INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY

Medium match HYPOSMIA-NASAL AND OCULAR HYPOPLASIA-HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM SYNDROME


This syndrome is characterized by the association of severe nasal hypoplasia, hypoplasia of the eyes, hyposmia, hypogeusia and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism.

HYPOSMIA-NASAL AND OCULAR HYPOPLASIA-HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM SYNDROME Is also known as bosma arhinia-microphthalmia syndrome|bosma-henkin-christiansen syndrome

Related symptoms:

  • Cleft palate
  • Cataract
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Blindness
  • Microphthalmia


SOURCES: ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about HYPOSMIA-NASAL AND OCULAR HYPOPLASIA-HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM SYNDROME

Medium match HOLOPROSENCEPHALY 7; HPE7


Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most commonly occurring congenital structural forebrain anomaly in humans. HPE is associated with mental retardation and craniofacial malformations. Considerable heterogeneity in the genetic causes of HPE has been demonstrated (Ming et al., 2002).

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Microcephaly
  • Hypertelorism


SOURCES: MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about HOLOPROSENCEPHALY 7; HPE7

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Other less relevant matches:

Medium match CORPUS CALLOSUM AGENESIS-INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY-COLOBOMA-MICROGNATHIA SYNDROME


Corpus callosum agenesis-intellectual disability-coloboma-micrognathia syndrome is a developmental anomalies syndrome characterized by coloboma of the iris and optic nerve, facial dysmorphism (high forehead, microretrognathia, low-set ears), intellectual deficit, agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC), sensorineural hearing loss, skeletal anomalies and short stature.

CORPUS CALLOSUM AGENESIS-INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY-COLOBOMA-MICROGNATHIA SYNDROME Is also known as mental retardation, x-linked, syndromic 28|graham-cox syndrome|mrxs28

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Short stature
  • Hearing impairment
  • Scoliosis
  • Nystagmus


SOURCES: ORPHANET MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about CORPUS CALLOSUM AGENESIS-INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY-COLOBOMA-MICROGNATHIA SYNDROME

Medium match TERMINAL OSSEOUS DYSPLASIA-PIGMENTARY DEFECTS SYNDROME


Terminal osseous dysplasia-pigmentary defects syndrome is characterised by malformation of the hands and feet, pigmentary skin lesions on the face and scalp and digital fibromatosis.

TERMINAL OSSEOUS DYSPLASIA-PIGMENTARY DEFECTS SYNDROME Is also known as odpf syndrome|odpd|osseous dysplasia, digital, with facial pigmentary defects and multiple frenula|todpd|terminal osseous dysplasia and pigmentary defects|odpf

Related symptoms:

  • Hypertelorism
  • Cleft palate
  • Ptosis
  • Low-set ears
  • Flexion contracture


SOURCES: ORPHANET MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about TERMINAL OSSEOUS DYSPLASIA-PIGMENTARY DEFECTS SYNDROME

Medium match HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA; HH2


Congenital idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) is a disorder characterized by absent or incomplete sexual maturation by the age of 18 years, in conjunction with low levels of circulating gonadotropins and testosterone and no other abnormalities of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis. Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism can be caused by an isolated defect in gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GNRH ) release, action, or both. Other associated nonreproductive phenotypes, such as anosmia, cleft palate, and sensorineural hearing loss, occur with variable frequency. In the presence of anosmia, idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism has been called 'Kallmann syndrome (KS),' whereas in the presence of a normal sense of smell, it has been termed 'normosmic idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (nIHH)' (summary by Raivio et al., 2007). Because families have been found to segregate both KS and nIHH, the disorder is here referred to as 'hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with or without anosmia (HH).'Although HH was initially considered to be a monogenic disorder, the presence of marked locus heterogeneity, incomplete penetrance within pedigrees, and variable expressivity of pathogenic alleles, together with evidence for mutations in multiple genes in some affected individuals, resulted in a conceptual shift from monogenicity to an oligogenic framework in which a limited number of genes contribute pathogenic alleles to the genetic network responsible for the neuroendocrine control of human reproduction (Sykiotis et al., 2010). Genetic Heterogeneity of Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism with or without AnosmiaOther forms of autosomal hypogonadotropic hypogonadism with or without anosmia include HH3 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the PROKR2 gene (OMIM ); HH4 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the PROK2 gene (OMIM ); HH5 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the CHD7 gene (OMIM ); HH6 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FGF8 gene (OMIM ); HH7 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the GNRHR gene (OMIM ); HH8 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the KISS1R gene (OMIM ); HH9 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the NELF gene (OMIM ); HH10 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TAC3 gene (OMIM ); HH11 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TACR3 gene (OMIM ); HH12 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the GNRH1 gene (OMIM ); HH13 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the KISS1 gene (OMIM ); HH14 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the WDR11 gene (OMIM ); HH15 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the HS6ST1 gene (OMIM ); HH16 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the SEMA3A gene (OMIM ); HH17 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the SPRY4 gene (OMIM ); HH18 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the IL17RD gene (OMIM ); HH19 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the DUSP6 gene (OMIM ); HH20 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FGF17 gene (OMIM ); HH21 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FLRT3 gene (OMIM ); HH22 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FEZF1 gene (OMIM ); HH23 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the LHB gene (OMIM ); and HH24 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FSHB gene (OMIM ).There is also an X-linked form of the disorder (HH1 ), caused by mutation in the KAL1 gene (OMIM ).There is evidence that mutation in 2 or more of these genes can work in combination (oligogenicity) to produce GnRH-deficient conditions (summary by Chan, 2011). Sykiotis et al. (2010), for example, demonstrated that of patients with an identifiable coding sequence mutation in 1 of 8 genes responsible for isolated GnRH deficiency, 11% carried mutations in at least one other of these genes as well.To assess oligogenicity in hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, Miraoui et al. (2013) analyzed 350 HH probands of European descent for mutation in 17 HH-associated genes. Mutations were identified in 124 (35%) of the probands, and 24 (19%) of the mutation-positive probands carried at least 2 mutant alleles from different genes. Miraoui et al. (2013) noted that 23 of the 24 oligogenic cases involved at least 1 gene associated with the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) network (see {601513}).Dode et al. (2006) stated that loss-of-function mutations in the KAL1 (OMIM ) and FGFR1 genes account for approximately 20% of all cases of Kallmann syndrome and that mutations in the PROKR2 and PROK2 genes account for an additional 10%.Gurbuz et al. (2012) reviewed all causative mutations detected in multiplex families with normosmic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism over a 7-year period in Turkey. Mutations that segregated with disease were identified in 17 (77.2%) of 22 families studied, including mutations of the GNRHR gene in 7 (31.8%) of the families, TACR3 in 6 (27.2%), KISSR in 2 (9%), TAC3 in 1 (4.5%), and KISS1 in 1 (4.5%). Inheritance was autosomal recessive in all 17 families.Valdes-Socin et al. (2014) reviewed the reproductive, neurodevelopmental, and genetic aspects of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in human pathology.

HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA; HH2 Is also known as kallmann syndrome 2|kal2

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Short stature
  • Hearing impairment
  • Neoplasm
  • Sensorineural hearing impairment


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about HYPOGONADOTROPIC HYPOGONADISM 2 WITH OR WITHOUT ANOSMIA; HH2

Medium match BRESEK SYNDROME


X-linked mental retardation, Reish type is characterised by Brain anomalies, severe mental Retardation, Ectodermal dysplasia, Skeletal deformities (vertebral anomalies, scoliosis, polydactyly), Ear/eye anomalies (maldevelopment, small optic nerves, low set and large ears with hearing loss) and Kidney dysplasia/hypoplasia (giving the acronym BRESEK syndrome).

BRESEK SYNDROME Is also known as bresheck syndrome

Related symptoms:

  • Global developmental delay
  • Hearing impairment
  • Microcephaly
  • Scoliosis
  • Growth delay


SOURCES: MESH ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about BRESEK SYNDROME

Medium match ABRUZZO-ERICKSON SYNDROME


Abruzzo-Erickson syndrome is a multiple congenital anomalies syndrome characterized by a cleft palate, ocular coloboma, hypospadias, mixed conductive-sensorineural hearing loss, short stature, and radio-ulnar synostosis.

ABRUZZO-ERICKSON SYNDROME Is also known as cleft palate-coloboma-deafness syndrome|charge-like syndrome|charge-like syndrome, x-linked

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Short stature
  • Hearing impairment
  • Sensorineural hearing impairment
  • Cleft palate


SOURCES: OMIM MESH ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about ABRUZZO-ERICKSON SYNDROME

Medium match STROMME SYNDROME; STROMS


Stromme syndrome is an autosomal recessive congenital disorder affecting multiple systems with features of a ciliopathy. Affected individuals typically have some type of intestinal atresia, variable ocular abnormalities, microcephaly, and sometimes involvement of other systems, including renal and cardiac. In some cases, the condition is lethal in early life, whereas other patients show normal survival with or without mild cognitive impairment (summary by Filges et al., 2016).

STROMME SYNDROME; STROMS Is also known as jejunal atresia with microcephaly and ocular anomalies|apple peel syndrome with microcephaly and ocular anomalies|ciliary dyskinesia, primary, 31, formerly|cild31, formerly

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Microcephaly
  • Hypertelorism
  • Micrognathia
  • Cleft palate


SOURCES: MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about STROMME SYNDROME; STROMS

Medium match FRONTORHINY


Frontorhiny is a distinct syndromic type of frontonasal malformation characterized by hypertelorism, wide nasal bridge, broad columella, widened philtrum, widely separated narrow nares, poor development of nasal tip, midline notch of the upper alveolus, columella base swellings and a low hairline. Additional features reported in some include upper eyelid ptosis and midline dermoid cysts of craniofacial structures and philtral pits or rugose folding behind the ears. An autosomal recessive inheritance has been proposed.

FRONTORHINY Is also known as frontonasal dysplasia type 1|isolated median cleft face syndrome|alx3-related frontonasal dysplasia

Related symptoms:

  • Scoliosis
  • Hypertelorism
  • Strabismus
  • Cleft palate
  • Cataract


SOURCES: ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about FRONTORHINY

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Cleft palate and Iris coloboma

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Intellectual disability Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Coloboma Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Microphthalmia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Hearing impairment Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Cataract Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Cleft palate and Iris coloboma. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Ptosis Brachydactyly Low-set ears Sensorineural hearing impairment Agenesis of corpus callosum Epicanthus Cryptorchidism Hypertelorism Hydrocephalus Protruding ear Short stature Scoliosis Microcephaly Cleft lip Choanal atresia Oral cleft

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Global developmental delay Hypopituitarism High palate Short toe Camptodactyly of finger Wide nasal bridge Macrocephaly Renal hypoplasia Macrotia Midface retrusion Abnormality of the pinna Clinodactyly Hypotelorism Holoprosencephaly Microcornea Malar flattening Optic nerve hypoplasia Prominent nasal bridge Prominent nose Vesicoureteral reflux Anosmia Chorioretinal coloboma Cleft upper lip Visual impairment Bilateral cleft lip Strabismus Hypogonadism Gynecomastia Bilateral cleft lip and palate Nystagmus Hyposmia Thromboembolism Myocardial infarction Renal dysplasia Hemivertebrae Plagiocephaly Congenital conductive hearing impairment Abnormality of brain morphology Dermoid cyst Hypoplastic frontal sinuses Aganglionic megacolon Hypoplasia of the bladder Atrial septal defect Abnormality of the dentition Hypospadias Conductive hearing impairment Toe syndactyly Facial asymmetry Primary amenorrhea Lipoma of corpus callosum Cranium bifidum occultum Alopecia Ectrodactyly Prostate cancer Microphallus Bimanual synkinesia Growth delay Intrauterine growth retardation Intellectual disability, severe Hypotrichosis Gonadotropin deficiency Ichthyosis Unilateral renal agenesis Reduced number of teeth Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism Decreased testicular size Midline nasal groove Postaxial hand polydactyly Convex nasal ridge Bilateral renal hypoplasia Bifid tongue Sex reversal Preaxial polydactyly Short columella Finger clinodactyly Sclerocornea Preauricular skin tag Encephalocele Duodenal atresia Ectopia pupillae Lumbar hyperlordosis Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia Hypoplasia of the maxilla Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears Corneal astigmatism Jejunal atresia Hypoplastic iris stroma Peters anomaly Intestinal atresia Accessory spleen Short palpebral fissure Coarctation of aorta Retinal vascular tortuosity Cognitive impairment Widow's peak Abnormal palate morphology Radioulnar synostosis Ulnar deviation of finger Abnormal localization of kidney Dimple chin Coronal hypospadias Micrognathia Myopathy Intestinal malrotation Cerebellar hypoplasia Polydactyly Deeply set eye Hydronephrosis Wide mouth Malabsorption Diabetes insipidus Astigmatism Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum Flat face Telecanthus Amenorrhea Highly arched eyebrow Seizures Frontal bossing Anteverted nares Short nose Upslanted palpebral fissure Thin upper lip vermilion Broad forehead Smooth philtrum Dental malocclusion Abnormality of the midface Omphalocele Flat occiput Partial agenesis of the corpus callosum Median cleft lip Depressed nasal tip Broad face Panhypopituitarism Bilateral microphthalmos Hypoplasia of the olfactory bulb Absent nares Single median maxillary incisor Visual loss Optic atrophy Glaucoma Corneal opacity Hematuria Retinal detachment Posterior embryotoxon Neural tube defect Blindness Inguinal hernia Single naris Bifid uvula Hypoplasia of penis Amblyopia Anophthalmia External genital hypoplasia Submucous cleft hard palate Misalignment of teeth Abdominal wall muscle weakness Failure of eruption of permanent teeth Median cleft lip and palate Midline defect of the nose Renal agenesis Localized skin lesion Multiple joint contractures Anal stenosis Fibroma Toe clinodactyly Abnormal oral frenulum morphology Camptodactyly of toe Mesomelic arm shortening Mesomelic leg shortening Abnormal foot bone ossification Camptodactyly Abnormal hand bone ossification Localized osteoporosis Neoplasm Abnormality of cardiovascular system morphology Micropenis Osteopenia Abnormality of the nervous system Delayed puberty Abnormality of skin pigmentation Skeletal dysplasia Parietal bossing Short neck Semilobar holoprosencephaly Alobar holoprosencephaly Hypoplasia of the premaxilla Absent nasal septal cartilage Fusion of the left and right thalami Flat nasal alae Downslanted palpebral fissures Ventricular septal defect Pectus excavatum Osteoporosis Patent ductus arteriosus High forehead Retrognathia Cupped ear Broad neck Optic nerve coloboma Flexion contracture Abnormality of the skeletal system Syndactyly Basal encephalocele



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