Cataract, and Ventriculomegaly

Diseases related with Cataract and Ventriculomegaly

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Cataract and Ventriculomegaly that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

Low match JOUBERT SYNDROME 9; JBTS9


Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Nystagmus
  • Abnormal facial shape
  • Cataract


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about JOUBERT SYNDROME 9; JBTS9

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 10; MDDGA10


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. The brain shows cobblestone lissencephaly, a cortical malformation. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designations Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB). The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Vuillaumier-Barrot et al., 2012).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 10; MDDGA10 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, tmem5-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Microcephaly
  • Cataract
  • Macrocephaly
  • Ventriculomegaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 10; MDDGA10

Low match LISSENCEPHALY 8; LIS8


Lissencephaly-8 is an autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability with poor or absent speech, early-onset refractory seizures, and hypotonia. Brain imaging shows variable features, including cortical gyral abnormalities and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, brainstem, and cerebellum (summary by Jerber et al., 2016).For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity lissencephaly, see LIS1 (OMIM ).

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Microcephaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about LISSENCEPHALY 8; LIS8

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Other less relevant matches:

Low match CONGENITAL CATARACT-HEARING LOSS-SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY SYNDROME


Congenital cataract-hearing loss-severe developmental delay syndrome is a rare, genetic, lethal, neurometabolic disease characterized by congenital cataracts, sensorineural hearing loss, severe psychomotor developmental delay, severe, generalized muscular hypotonia, and central nervous system abnormalities (incl. cerebellar and cerebral hypoplasia, hypomyelination, wide subarachnoid spaces), in the presence of low serum copper and ceruloplasmin. Nystagmus and seizures have also been reported.

CONGENITAL CATARACT-HEARING LOSS-SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY SYNDROME Is also known as congenital cataract-deafness-severe developmental delay syndrome|lethal neurodegenerative disorder due to copper transport defect

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Nystagmus


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about CONGENITAL CATARACT-HEARING LOSS-SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY SYNDROME

Low match MICROCEPHALIC PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM DUE TO ZNF335 DEFICIENCY


Microcephalic primordial dwarfism due to ZNF335 deficiency is characterized by severe antenatal microencephaly, simplified gyration, agenesis of the corpus callosum, absence of basal ganglia (very rare), pontocerebellar atrophy and involvement of the white matter with secondary cerebral atrophy. Congenital cataract, choanal atresia, multiple arthrogryposis and spastic tetraparesis can occur.

MICROCEPHALIC PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM DUE TO ZNF335 DEFICIENCY Is also known as microcephalic primordial dwarfism, walsh type

Related symptoms:

  • Microcephaly
  • Micrognathia
  • Cataract
  • Spasticity
  • Flexion contracture


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about MICROCEPHALIC PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM DUE TO ZNF335 DEFICIENCY

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of DAG1 (OMIM ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (Godfrey et al., 2007).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, large-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Flexion contracture
  • Feeding difficulties


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, and congenital muscular dystrophy. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designation Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), which is associated with death in infancy. The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Geis et al., 2013 and Riemersma et al., 2015).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye brain disease, dag1-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Muscular hypotonia
  • Cataract


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9

Low match CEREBROOCULOFACIOSKELETAL SYNDROME 3; COFS3


Cerebrooculofacioskeletal syndrome is a severe, progressive neurologic disorder characterized by prenatal onset of arthrogryposis, microcephaly, and growth failure. Postnatal features include severe developmental delay, congenital cataracts (in some), and marked UV sensitivity of the skin. Survival beyond 6 years of age is rare. COFS represents the severe end of the spectrum of disorders caused by mutations in nucleotide excision repair (NER) genes, with Cockayne syndrome and xeroderma pigmentosum being milder NER-related phenotypes (summary by Drury et al., 2014).For a phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of cerebrooculofacioskeletal syndrome, see COFS1 (OMIM ).

Related symptoms:

  • Global developmental delay
  • Microcephaly
  • Growth delay
  • Micrognathia
  • Cleft palate


SOURCES: OMIM MESH MENDELIAN

More info about CEREBROOCULOFACIOSKELETAL SYNDROME 3; COFS3

Low match PORENCEPHALY-MICROCEPHALY-BILATERAL CONGENITAL CATARACT SYNDROME


Porencephaly-microcephaly-bilateral congenital cataract syndrome is a rare, genetic, central nervous system malformation syndrome characterized by bilateral congenital cataracts and severe hemorrhagic destruction of the brain parenchyma with associated massive cystic degeneration, enlarged ventricles and subependymal calcification. Patients typically present generalized spasticity, increased deep tendon reflexes and seizures. Hepatomegaly and renal anomalies have also been reported.

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Cataract
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Spasticity


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about PORENCEPHALY-MICROCEPHALY-BILATERAL CONGENITAL CATARACT SYNDROME

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 5; MDDGA5


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of DAG1 (OMIM ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (Beltran-Valero de Bernabe et al., 2004).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 5; MDDGA5 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, fkrp-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Feeding difficulties


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 5; MDDGA5

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Cataract and Ventriculomegaly

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Intellectual disability Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Global developmental delay Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Generalized hypotonia Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Hydrocephalus Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Lissencephaly Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Cataract and Ventriculomegaly. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Microphthalmia Microcephaly Type II lissencephaly Congenital muscular dystrophy Seizures Intellectual disability, profound Congenital cataract Muscular dystrophy Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase Cerebellar hypoplasia Dilatation Abnormality of the cerebral white matter Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia Cerebellar cyst Dandy-Walker malformation Flexion contracture Encephalocele Severe global developmental delay Spasticity Absent speech Polymicrogyria Myopia

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Cerebellar atrophy Agyria High myopia Hypoplasia of the brainstem Edema Cerebral calcification Cerebral atrophy Micrognathia Corneal opacity Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita Hypoplasia of the pons Severe muscular hypotonia Feeding difficulties Brain atrophy Intrauterine growth retardation Myopathy Talipes equinovarus Nystagmus Optic atrophy Coloboma Cerebellar dysplasia Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum Pachygyria Retinal dysplasia Retinal dystrophy Macrocephaly Occipital encephalocele Abnormal facial shape Low-set ears Cleft palate Growth delay Agenesis of corpus callosum Buphthalmos Poor head control Holoprosencephaly Leukodystrophy Rod-cone dystrophy Hepatosplenomegaly Respiratory failure Glaucoma Decreased fetal movement Hyperreflexia Cutaneous photosensitivity Motor delay Aqueductal stenosis Left ventricular hypertrophy Ventricular hypertrophy Retinal detachment Abnormality of skin pigmentation Hyporeflexia Respiratory distress Respiratory insufficiency Cystic renal dysplasia Rocker bottom foot Ectopic kidney Postnatal microcephaly Progressive neurologic deterioration Abnormality of the kidney Polydactyly Hepatomegaly Muscular hypotonia Cryptorchidism Intellectual disability, severe Abnormality of eye movement Frontoparietal polymicrogyria Neutropenia Prominent nasal bridge Large for gestational age Decreased serum ceruloplasmin Hypocupremia Rotary nystagmus CNS hypomyelination Gonadal dysgenesis Neurodegeneration Broad-based gait Facial cleft Atrophy/Degeneration affecting the brainstem Hearing impairment Abnormal myelination Delayed ability to walk Generalized myoclonic seizures Muscular hypotonia of the trunk Small for gestational age Abnormal cerebellum morphology Diffuse white matter abnormalities Abnormality of the cerebral cortex Intellectual disability, moderate Abnormality of the eye Astigmatism Areflexia Hepatic fibrosis Molar tooth sign on MRI Abnormal neuron morphology Abnormality of the cerebrum Gliosis Small cerebral cortex Profound global developmental delay Cortical gyral simplification Choanal atresia Sloping forehead Neuronal loss in central nervous system Delayed myelination Severe hydrocephalus



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