Cataract, and Severe global developmental delay

Diseases related with Cataract and Severe global developmental delay

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Cataract and Severe global developmental delay that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

Medium match PEROXISOME BIOGENESIS DISORDER 8A (ZELLWEGER); PBD8A


Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital anomaly syndrome resulting from disordered peroxisome biogenesis. Affected children present in the newborn period with profound hypotonia, seizures, and inability to feed. Characteristic craniofacial anomalies, eye abnormalities, neuronal migration defects, hepatomegaly, and chondrodysplasia punctata are present. Children with this condition do not show any significant development and usually die in the first year of life (summary by Steinberg et al., 2006).For a complete phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Zellweger syndrome, see {214100}.Individuals with PBDs of complementation group 9 (CG9, equivalent to CGD) have mutations in the PEX16 gene. For information on the history of PBD complementation groups, see {214100}.

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Muscular hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Hepatomegaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about PEROXISOME BIOGENESIS DISORDER 8A (ZELLWEGER); PBD8A

Medium match CONGENITAL CATARACT-HEARING LOSS-SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY SYNDROME


Congenital cataract-hearing loss-severe developmental delay syndrome is a rare, genetic, lethal, neurometabolic disease characterized by congenital cataracts, sensorineural hearing loss, severe psychomotor developmental delay, severe, generalized muscular hypotonia, and central nervous system abnormalities (incl. cerebellar and cerebral hypoplasia, hypomyelination, wide subarachnoid spaces), in the presence of low serum copper and ceruloplasmin. Nystagmus and seizures have also been reported.

CONGENITAL CATARACT-HEARING LOSS-SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY SYNDROME Is also known as congenital cataract-deafness-severe developmental delay syndrome|lethal neurodegenerative disorder due to copper transport defect

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Nystagmus


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about CONGENITAL CATARACT-HEARING LOSS-SEVERE DEVELOPMENTAL DELAY SYNDROME

Medium match COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT


Cobblestone lissencephaly without muscular or ocular involvement is a form of cobblestone lissencephaly characterized by a constellation of brain malformations which can either exist alone or in conjunction with minimal muscular and ocular abnormalities. The clinical features of the disease include severe developmental delay, increased head circumference, hydrocephalus and seizures.

COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT Is also known as lissencephaly type 2 without muscular or ocular involvement|lissencephaly type 2 without muscular or eye involvement|cobblestone lissencephaly without muscular or eye involvement

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT

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Other less relevant matches:

Medium match MICROCEPHALIC PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM DUE TO ZNF335 DEFICIENCY


Microcephalic primordial dwarfism due to ZNF335 deficiency is characterized by severe antenatal microencephaly, simplified gyration, agenesis of the corpus callosum, absence of basal ganglia (very rare), pontocerebellar atrophy and involvement of the white matter with secondary cerebral atrophy. Congenital cataract, choanal atresia, multiple arthrogryposis and spastic tetraparesis can occur.

MICROCEPHALIC PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM DUE TO ZNF335 DEFICIENCY Is also known as microcephalic primordial dwarfism, walsh type

Related symptoms:

  • Microcephaly
  • Micrognathia
  • Cataract
  • Spasticity
  • Flexion contracture


SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about MICROCEPHALIC PRIMORDIAL DWARFISM DUE TO ZNF335 DEFICIENCY

Medium match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 5; MDDGA5


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of DAG1 (OMIM ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (Beltran-Valero de Bernabe et al., 2004).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 5; MDDGA5 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, fkrp-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Feeding difficulties


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 5; MDDGA5

Medium match 2Q24 MICRODELETION SYNDROME


2q24 microdeletion syndrome is a chromosomal anomaly consisting of a partial long arm deletion of chromosome 2 and characterized clinically by a wide range of manifestations (depending on the specific region deleted) which can include seizures, microcephaly, dysmorphic features, cleft palate, eye abnormalities (coloboma, cataract and microphthalmia), growth retardation, failure to thrive, heart defects, limb anomalies, developmental delay and autism.

2Q24 MICRODELETION SYNDROME Is also known as monosomy 2q24|del(2)(q24)

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Growth delay
  • Hypertelorism


SOURCES: ORPHANET MESH MENDELIAN

More info about 2Q24 MICRODELETION SYNDROME

Medium match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH MENTAL RETARDATION), TYPE B, 1; MDDGB1


Congenital muscular dystrophies resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ) are characterized by early onset of muscle weakness, usually before ambulation is achieved; mental retardation and mild brain anomalies are variable (Balci et al., 2005; Godfrey et al., 2007). Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathies with or without mental retardation (type B) represent the intermediate range of the spectrum of dystroglycanopathies. They are less severe than muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A; see MDDGA1, {236670}), previously designated Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) or muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), and more severe than limb-girdle muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy (type C; see MDDGC1, {609308}). Genetic Heterogeneity of Congenital Muscular Dystrophy-Dystroglycanopathy with or without Mental Retardation (Type B)Congenital muscular dystrophy with mental retardation due to defective glycosylation of DAG1 is genetically heterogeneous. See also MDDGB2 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the POMT2 gene (OMIM ); MDDGB3 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the POMGNT1 gene (OMIM ); MDDGB4 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FKTN gene (OMIM ); MDDGB5 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FKRP gene (OMIM ); MDDGB6 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the LARGE gene (OMIM ); and MDDGB14 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the GMPPB gene (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH MENTAL RETARDATION), TYPE B, 1; MDDGB1 Is also known as muscular dystrophy, congenital, pomt1-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Microcephaly
  • Scoliosis


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH MENTAL RETARDATION), TYPE B, 1; MDDGB1

Medium match WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 2; WARBM2


WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 2; WARBM2 Is also known as micro syndrome 2

Related symptoms:

  • Global developmental delay
  • Microcephaly
  • Cataract
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Flexion contracture


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 2; WARBM2

Medium match PEROXISOME BIOGENESIS DISORDER 10A (ZELLWEGER); PBD10A


Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital anomaly syndrome resulting from disordered peroxisome biogenesis. Affected children present in the newborn period with profound hypotonia, seizures, and inability to feed. Characteristic craniofacial anomalies, eye abnormalities, neuronal migration defects, hepatomegaly, and chondrodysplasia punctata are present. Children with this condition do not show any significant development and usually die in the first year of life (summary by Steinberg et al., 2006).For a complete phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Zellweger syndrome, see {214100}.Individuals with PBDs of complementation group 12 (CG12, equivalent to CGG) have mutations in the PEX3 gene. For information on the history of PBD complementation groups, see {214100}.

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hypertelorism
  • Micrognathia
  • Muscular hypotonia


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about PEROXISOME BIOGENESIS DISORDER 10A (ZELLWEGER); PBD10A

Medium match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 12; MDDGA12


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with congenital muscular dystrophy resulting in muscle weakness early in life and brain and eye anomalies. It is usually associated with delayed psychomotor development and shortened life expectancy. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designations Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB). The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ), collectively known as dystroglycanopathies (summary by Stevens et al., 2013).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 12; MDDGA12 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, pomk-related

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Microcephaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 12; MDDGA12

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Cataract and Severe global developmental delay

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Global developmental delay Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Generalized hypotonia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Seizures Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Flexion contracture Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Muscular dystrophy Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Cataract and Severe global developmental delay. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Cerebellar hypoplasia Microphthalmia Intellectual disability Microcephaly Hydrocephalus Lissencephaly Hypoplasia of the brainstem Congenital muscular dystrophy Type II lissencephaly Congenital cataract Absent speech Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase Muscular hypotonia Myopia Coloboma Ventriculomegaly Hearing impairment Feeding difficulties

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Occipital encephalocele Small for gestational age High myopia Polymicrogyria Prominent nasal bridge Cerebellar dysplasia Encephalocele Agyria Respiratory distress Micrognathia Abnormal cerebellum morphology Hypertelorism Intellectual disability, severe Muscle weakness Hepatomegaly Ventricular septal defect Epiphyseal stippling Generalized neonatal hypotonia Cerebellar atrophy Cerebral atrophy Neurodegeneration Scoliosis Abnormality of the cerebral white matter Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia CNS hypomyelination Dandy-Walker malformation Neonatal hypotonia Macrocephaly Downslanted palpebral fissures Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum Optic atrophy Motor delay Skeletal muscle atrophy Macrotia Cardiomyopathy Microcornea Generalized amyotrophy Hand clenching Postnatal growth retardation Muscular hypotonia of the trunk Abnormal oral frenulum morphology Facial palsy Micropenis Cryptorchidism Brachycephaly Abnormality iris morphology Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy Bullet-shaped distal phalanx of the hallux Macroglossia Short nose Enlarged cisterna magna Retinal dystrophy Inability to walk Areflexia Postnatal microcephaly Retinal degeneration Right aortic arch Sensorineural hearing impairment Agenesis of corpus callosum Glaucoma Reduced visual acuity Polyhydramnios Poor speech Bilateral sensorineural hearing impairment Secundum atrial septal defect Progressive microcephaly Respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness Arnold-Chiari malformation Poor head control Hypoventilation Abnormally large globe Retinal coloboma Perimembranous ventricular septal defect Decreased fetal movement Low anterior hairline Low-set ears Scrotal hypoplasia Overlapping toe Spastic diplegia Global brain atrophy Hypoplastic labia majora Asymmetry of the ears Undetectable visual evoked potentials High palate Prominent nose Epicanthus Atrial septal defect Congestive heart failure Central apnea High forehead Broad forehead Pulmonic stenosis Round face Small face Ventricular hypertrophy Long fingers Progressive neurologic deterioration Delayed myelination Brain atrophy Gliosis Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita Intrauterine growth retardation Spasticity Right hemiplegia Gray matter heterotopias Porencephalic cyst Infantile spasms Hemiplegia Leukoencephalopathy Absence seizures Heterotopia Spastic tetraplegia Sloping forehead Tetraplegia Coma Paraplegia Spastic paraplegia Mental deterioration Gait disturbance Decreased serum ceruloplasmin Hypocupremia Rotary nystagmus Neutropenia Nystagmus Glossoptosis Feeding difficulties in infancy Jaundice Neuronal loss in central nervous system Choanal atresia Interphalangeal joint contracture of finger Hypoplasia of the pons Arachnodactyly Toe syndactyly Short philtrum Camptodactyly of finger Autistic behavior Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears Behavioral abnormality Short neck Cleft palate Failure to thrive Growth delay Severe hydrocephalus Cerebellar cyst Aqueductal stenosis Severe muscular hypotonia Cortical gyral simplification Left ventricular hypertrophy Pachygyria Intellectual disability, profound Retinal detachment Abnormality of skin pigmentation Corneal opacity Hyporeflexia Dilatation Respiratory insufficiency Abnormal neuron morphology Abnormality of the cerebral cortex Abnormality of the cerebrum Small cerebral cortex Profound global developmental delay Cortical cataract



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