Cataract, and Polymicrogyria

Diseases related with Cataract and Polymicrogyria

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Cataract and Polymicrogyria that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

Low match LISSENCEPHALY 8; LIS8


Lissencephaly-8 is an autosomal recessive neurologic disorder characterized by delayed psychomotor development, intellectual disability with poor or absent speech, early-onset refractory seizures, and hypotonia. Brain imaging shows variable features, including cortical gyral abnormalities and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum, brainstem, and cerebellum (summary by Jerber et al., 2016).For a general description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity lissencephaly, see LIS1 (OMIM ).

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Microcephaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about LISSENCEPHALY 8; LIS8

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 11; MDDGA11


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with congenital muscular dystrophy resulting in muscle weakness early in life and brain and eye anomalies. It is usually associated with delayed psychomotor development and shortened life expectancy. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designations Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB). The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Stevens et al., 2013).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 11; MDDGA11 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, b3galnt2-related

Related symptoms:

  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Muscle weakness
  • Cataract
  • Spasticity


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 11; MDDGA11

Low match COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT


Cobblestone lissencephaly without muscular or ocular involvement is a form of cobblestone lissencephaly characterized by a constellation of brain malformations which can either exist alone or in conjunction with minimal muscular and ocular abnormalities. The clinical features of the disease include severe developmental delay, increased head circumference, hydrocephalus and seizures.

COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT Is also known as lissencephaly type 2 without muscular or ocular involvement|lissencephaly type 2 without muscular or eye involvement|cobblestone lissencephaly without muscular or eye involvement

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT

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Other less relevant matches:

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of DAG1 (OMIM ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (Godfrey et al., 2007).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, large-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Flexion contracture
  • Feeding difficulties


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, and congenital muscular dystrophy. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designation Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), which is associated with death in infancy. The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Geis et al., 2013 and Riemersma et al., 2015).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye brain disease, dag1-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Muscular hypotonia
  • Cataract


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9

Low match PEROXISOME BIOGENESIS DISORDER 7A (ZELLWEGER); PBD7A


Zellweger syndrome (ZS) is an autosomal recessive multiple congenital anomaly syndrome resulting from disordered peroxisome biogenesis. Affected children present in the newborn period with profound hypotonia, seizures, and inability to feed. Characteristic craniofacial anomalies, eye abnormalities, neuronal migration defects, hepatomegaly, and chondrodysplasia punctata are present. Children with this condition do not show any significant development and usually die in the first year of life (summary by Steinberg et al., 2006).For a complete phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Zellweger syndrome, see {214100}.Individuals with PBDs of complementation group 8 (CG8, equivalent to CGA) have mutations in the PEX26 gene. For information on the history of PBD complementation groups, see {214100}.

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Nystagmus
  • Cataract
  • Low-set ears


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about PEROXISOME BIOGENESIS DISORDER 7A (ZELLWEGER); PBD7A

Low match SQUALENE SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY; SQSD


Squalene synthase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by profound developmental delay, brain abnormalities, 2/3 syndactyly of the toes, and facial dysmorphisms, as well as low total and LDL-cholesterol and abnormal urine organic acids (Coman et al., 2018). Squalene synthase deficiency has been reported in 3 patients from 2 families.

SQUALENE SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY; SQSD Is also known as neurodevelopmental disorder with low cholesterol and abnormal urine organic acids

Related symptoms:

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Failure to thrive
  • Micrognathia
  • Cataract


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about SQUALENE SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY; SQSD

Low match WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 2; WARBM2


WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 2; WARBM2 Is also known as micro syndrome 2

Related symptoms:

  • Global developmental delay
  • Microcephaly
  • Cataract
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Flexion contracture


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about WARBURG MICRO SYNDROME 2; WARBM2

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 2; MDDGA2


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of DAG1 (OMIM ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (van Reeuwijk et al., 2005).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 2; MDDGA2 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, pomt2-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Microcephaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 2; MDDGA2

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 7; MDDGA7


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Roscioli et al., 2012).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 7; MDDGA7 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, ispd-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Low-set ears
  • Macrocephaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 7; MDDGA7

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Cataract and Polymicrogyria

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Generalized hypotonia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Global developmental delay Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Lissencephaly Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Intellectual disability Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Microphthalmia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Cataract and Polymicrogyria. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Common Symptoms - More than 50% cases


Hydrocephalus

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Type II lissencephaly

Common Symptoms - More than 50% cases


Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Muscular dystrophy Ventriculomegaly Cerebellar hypoplasia Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum Congenital muscular dystrophy Seizures Hypoplasia of the brainstem Severe muscular hypotonia Intellectual disability, profound Cerebellar cyst Encephalocele Optic atrophy Myopia Abnormality of the cerebral white matter Dilatation Macrocephaly Optic nerve hypoplasia Hypoplasia of the pons Intellectual disability, severe Glaucoma Flexion contracture Absent speech Heterotopia Microcephaly Muscular hypotonia of the trunk

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Retinal dysplasia Feeding difficulties Peters anomaly Areflexia Dandy-Walker malformation Pachygyria Low-set ears Respiratory insufficiency Posteriorly rotated ears Congenital cataract Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia Retrognathia Macrotia Visual impairment Buphthalmos Cryptorchidism Agyria Leukoencephalopathy Muscle weakness Cerebellar dysplasia Talipes equinovarus Muscular hypotonia Myopathy Severe global developmental delay Spasticity Retinal detachment Occipital encephalocele Spastic diplegia Cleft palate Growth delay Scoliosis Undetectable visual evoked potentials Bicuspid aortic valve Bilateral cryptorchidism Asymmetry of the ears Hypoplastic labia majora Global brain atrophy Micropenis Postnatal growth retardation Scrotal hypoplasia Low anterior hairline Profound global developmental delay Postnatal microcephaly Short nose Microcornea Generalized myoclonic seizures Brachycephaly Prominent nasal bridge Overlapping toe Tetraplegia Neonatal hypotonia Moderate myopia Corpus callosum atrophy Gonadal dysgenesis Weak cry Partial agenesis of the corpus callosum Adducted thumb Large fontanelles Decreased fetal movement Microtia Facial palsy Deeply set eye Frontal bossing Persistent pupillary membrane Cleft lip Retinal atrophy Abnormality of the periventricular white matter Spinal rigidity Congenital glaucoma Skeletal muscle hypertrophy Congenital contracture Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum Macroglossia Cleft upper lip Hypermetropia Cutaneous photosensitivity Cerebral visual impairment Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears Dry skin Mental deterioration Leukodystrophy High myopia Cerebral calcification Retinal dystrophy Corneal opacity Respiratory failure Hearing impairment Frontoparietal polymicrogyria Diffuse white matter abnormalities Gait disturbance Spastic paraplegia Poor head control Paraplegia Neurodegeneration Coma Right hemiplegia Gray matter heterotopias Porencephalic cyst Infantile spasms Hemiplegia Absence seizures Abnormal cerebellum morphology Progressive neurologic deterioration Holoprosencephaly Nystagmus Toe syndactyly Generalized neonatal hypotonia Irritability Spastic tetraplegia Delayed ability to walk Hypospadias Syndactyly Epicanthus Depressed nasal bridge Abnormal myelination Micrognathia Failure to thrive Cardiorespiratory arrest Blindness Epiphyseal stippling Bilateral talipes equinovarus Flat occiput Flat face Talipes Jaundice High forehead Cognitive impairment Long philtrum Hepatomegaly High palate Remnants of the hyaloid vascular system



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