Cataract, and Muscular dystrophy

Diseases related with Cataract and Muscular dystrophy

In the following list you will find some of the most common rare diseases related to Cataract and Muscular dystrophy that can help you solving undiagnosed cases.


Top matches:

Low match AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY TYPE 1G


Autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1G (LGMD1G) is a mild subtype of autosomal dominant limb-girdle muscular dystrophy characterized by a typically adult onset of mild, progressive, proximal weakness of pelvic and shoulder girdle muscles and progressive, permanent finger and toes flexion limitation without flexion contractures. Normal to highly elevated creatine kinase serum levels are observed.

AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY TYPE 1G Is also known as lgmd1g|muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 1g

Related symptoms:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Cataract
  • Myopathy
  • Hyporeflexia
  • Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase


SOURCES: ORPHANET MESH OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY TYPE 1G

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 10; MDDGA10


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. The brain shows cobblestone lissencephaly, a cortical malformation. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designations Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB). The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Vuillaumier-Barrot et al., 2012).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 10; MDDGA10 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, tmem5-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Microcephaly
  • Cataract
  • Macrocephaly
  • Ventriculomegaly


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 10; MDDGA10

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 11; MDDGA11


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with congenital muscular dystrophy resulting in muscle weakness early in life and brain and eye anomalies. It is usually associated with delayed psychomotor development and shortened life expectancy. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designations Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB). The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1 ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Stevens et al., 2013).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 11; MDDGA11 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, b3galnt2-related

Related symptoms:

  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Muscle weakness
  • Cataract
  • Spasticity


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 11; MDDGA11

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Other less relevant matches:

Low match COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT


Cobblestone lissencephaly without muscular or ocular involvement is a form of cobblestone lissencephaly characterized by a constellation of brain malformations which can either exist alone or in conjunction with minimal muscular and ocular abnormalities. The clinical features of the disease include severe developmental delay, increased head circumference, hydrocephalus and seizures.

COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT Is also known as lissencephaly type 2 without muscular or ocular involvement|lissencephaly type 2 without muscular or eye involvement|cobblestone lissencephaly without muscular or eye involvement

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about COBBLESTONE LISSENCEPHALY WITHOUT MUSCULAR OR OCULAR INVOLVEMENT

Low match INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY-HYPERKINETIC MOVEMENT-TRUNCAL ATAXIA SYNDROME


Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Scoliosis
  • Strabismus


SOURCES: ORPHANET MENDELIAN

More info about INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY-HYPERKINETIC MOVEMENT-TRUNCAL ATAXIA SYNDROME

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A), which includes both the more severe Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS) and the slightly less severe muscle-eye-brain disease (MEB), is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, congenital muscular dystrophy, and death usually in the first years of life. It represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of DAG1 (OMIM ), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (Godfrey et al., 2007).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye-brain disease, large-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Cataract
  • Flexion contracture
  • Feeding difficulties


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 6; MDDGA6

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9


Congenital muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy with brain and eye anomalies (type A) is an autosomal recessive disorder with characteristic brain and eye malformations, profound mental retardation, and congenital muscular dystrophy. The phenotype includes the alternative clinical designation Walker-Warburg syndrome (WWS), which is associated with death in infancy. The disorder represents the most severe end of a phenotypic spectrum of similar disorders resulting from defective glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1), collectively known as 'dystroglycanopathies' (summary by Geis et al., 2013 and Riemersma et al., 2015).For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy type A, see MDDGA1 (OMIM ).

MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9 Is also known as walker-warburg syndrome or muscle-eye brain disease, dag1-related

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Muscular hypotonia
  • Cataract


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY-DYSTROGLYCANOPATHY (CONGENITAL WITH BRAIN AND EYE ANOMALIES), TYPE A, 9; MDDGA9

Low match AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY TYPE 2T


Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2T (LGMD2T) is a form of limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, that can present from birth to early childhood, characterized by hypotonia, microcephaly, mild proximal muscle weakness (leading to delayed walking and difficulty climbing stairs), mild intellectual disability and epilepsy. Additional manifestations reported in some patients include cataracts, nystagmus, cardiomyopathy, and respiratory insufficiency.

AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY TYPE 2T Is also known as muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy, limb-girdle, gmppb-related|muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, autosomal recessive 19|muscular dystrophy, limb-girdle, type 2t|lgmd2t|lgmdr19

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Microcephaly


SOURCES: ORPHANET OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE LIMB-GIRDLE MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY TYPE 2T

Low match MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL, WITH CATARACTS AND INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; MDCCAID


MDCCAID is an autosomal recessive form of muscular dystrophy with onset of progressive muscle weakness in early childhood. Almost all patients also have early-onset cataracts, most have intellectual disability of varying severity, and some have seizures (summary by Wiessner et al., 2017 and Osborn et al., 2017).

Related symptoms:

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Generalized hypotonia


SOURCES: OMIM MENDELIAN

More info about MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY, CONGENITAL, WITH CATARACTS AND INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY; MDCCAID

Top 5 symptoms//phenotypes associated to Cataract and Muscular dystrophy

Symptoms // Phenotype % cases
Intellectual disability Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Generalized hypotonia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Global developmental delay Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Hydrocephalus Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
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Other less frequent symptoms

Patients with Cataract and Muscular dystrophy. may also develop some of the following symptoms:

Uncommon Symptoms - Between 30% and 50% cases


Lissencephaly Congenital muscular dystrophy Type II lissencephaly Muscle weakness Polymicrogyria Seizures Myopia Cognitive impairment Ventriculomegaly Cerebellar cyst Muscular hypotonia Intellectual disability, profound Microphthalmia Abnormality of the cerebral white matter Cerebellar hypoplasia Macrocephaly Myopathy Proximal muscle weakness Microcephaly Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy

Rare Symptoms - Less than 30% cases


Scoliosis Strabismus Motor delay Respiratory insufficiency Hyporeflexia Spasticity Optic atrophy Difficulty walking Flexion contracture Hypoplasia of the pons Leukoencephalopathy Severe muscular hypotonia Lower limb muscle weakness Muscle cramps Gait disturbance Dilatation Occipital encephalocele Progressive proximal muscle weakness Cerebellar dysplasia Retinal dysplasia Encephalocele Increased variability in muscle fiber diameter Rigidity Agyria Buphthalmos Poor head control Holoprosencephaly Leukodystrophy Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia Progressive muscle weakness Hyperlordosis Lower limb spasticity High myopia Cerebral calcification Retinal dystrophy Corneal opacity Respiratory failure Glaucoma Absent speech Intellectual disability, severe Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum Abnormal pyramidal sign Frontoparietal polymicrogyria Nystagmus Cardiomyopathy Skeletal muscle atrophy Short stature Toe walking Distal upper limb muscle weakness Diffuse white matter abnormalities Hypoglycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan Proximal muscle weakness in upper limbs Dilatation of the ventricular cavity Abnormal glycosylation Fatigable weakness of bulbar muscles Spinal rigidity EMG: decremental response of compound muscle action potential to repetitive nerve stimulation Intellectual disability, mild Hyperreflexia Gowers sign Axial muscle weakness Distal lower limb muscle weakness Neck muscle weakness Spastic gait Difficulty climbing stairs Easy fatigability Exercise intolerance Increased connective tissue Absence seizures Dandy-Walker malformation Pachygyria Mental deterioration Hearing impairment Optic nerve hypoplasia Retinal detachment Muscular hypotonia of the trunk Blindness Atrophy/Degeneration affecting the brainstem Facial cleft Gonadal dysgenesis Large for gestational age Broad-based gait Spastic paraplegia Congenital cataract Flexion limitation of toes Decreased movement range in interphalangeal joints Proximal upper limb amyotrophy Proximal lower limb amyotrophy Pelvic girdle muscle weakness Shoulder girdle muscle weakness Rimmed vacuoles Limb muscle weakness Diabetes mellitus Severe global developmental delay Paraplegia Areflexia Right hemiplegia Feeding difficulties Exercise-induced muscle fatigue Right ventricular dilatation Restrictive ventilatory defect Hyperkinesis Infantile muscular hypotonia Truncal ataxia Chorea Myalgia Cerebral atrophy Gray matter heterotopias Neurodegeneration Porencephalic cyst Infantile spasms Hypoplasia of the brainstem Hemiplegia Heterotopia Progressive neurologic deterioration Spastic tetraplegia Tetraplegia Abnormal cerebellum morphology Coma Increased adipose tissue



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