PIGN gene related symptoms and diseases

All the information presented here about the PIGN gene and its related diseases, symptoms, and test panels has been aggregated from the following public sources: OMIM,HGNC,ORPHANET,NCBIGENE, Mendelian Rare Disease Search Engine.

Top 5 symptoms and clinical features associated to PIGN gene

Symptoms // Phenotype % Cases
Intellectual disability Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Wide mouth Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Seizures Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Long philtrum Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Hernia Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases

Other less frequent symptoms and clinical features

Patients with PIGN gene alterations may also develop some of the following symptoms and phenotypes:
  • Commonly - More than 50% cases

  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Coarse facial features
  • Hydronephrosis
  • Cleft lip
  • Abnormal cardiac septum morphology
  • Short neck
  • Anal atresia
  • Pulmonary hypoplasia

And 191 more phenotypes, you can get all of them using our tools for rare diseases.

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Rare diseases associated to PIGN gene

Here you will find a list of rare diseases related to the PIGN. You can also use our tool to get a more accurate diagnosis based on your current symptoms.


MULTIPLE CONGENITAL ANOMALIES-HYPOTONIA-SEIZURES SYNDROME


Alternate names

MULTIPLE CONGENITAL ANOMALIES-HYPOTONIA-SEIZURES SYNDROME Is also known as congenital disorder of glycosylation due to pign deficiency, glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis defect 3, pign-cdg, gpibd3

Description

Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by neonatal hypotonia, lack of psychomotor development, seizures, dysmorphic features, and variable congenital anomalies involving the cardiac, urinary, and gastrointestinal systems. Most affected individuals die before 3 years of age (summary by Maydan et al., 2011). The disorder is caused by a defect in glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis; see GPIBD1 (OMIM ). Genetic Heterogeneity of Multiple Congenital Anomalies-Hypotonia-Seizures SyndromeMCAHS2 (OMIM ) is caused by mutation in the PIGA gene (OMIM ) on chromosome Xp22, and MCAHS3 (OMIM ) is caused by mutation in the PIGT gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 20q13.Knaus et al. (2018) provided a review of the main clinical features of the different types of MCAHS, noting that patients with mutations in the PIGN, PIGA, and PIGT genes have distinct patterns of facial anomalies that can be detected by computer-assisted comparison. Some individuals with MCAHS may have variable increases in alkaline phosphatase (AP) as well as variable decreases in GPI-linked proteins that can be detected by flow cytometry. However, there was no clear correlation between AP levels or GPI-linked protein abnormalities and degree of neurologic involvement, mutation class, or gene involved. Knaus et al. (2018) concluded that a distinction between MCAHS and HPMRS1 (OMIM ), which is also caused by mutation in genes involved in GPI biosynthesis, may be artificial and even inaccurate, and that all these disorders should be considered and classified together under the more encompassing term of 'GPI biosynthesis defects' (GPIBD).

Most common symptoms of MULTIPLE CONGENITAL ANOMALIES-HYPOTONIA-SEIZURES SYNDROME

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hypertelorism


More info about MULTIPLE CONGENITAL ANOMALIES-HYPOTONIA-SEIZURES SYNDROME

SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET

FRYNS SYNDROME


Alternate names

FRYNS SYNDROME Is also known as diaphragmatic hernia, abnormal face, and distal limb anomalies, diaphragmatic hernia-abnormal face-distal limb anomalies syndrome

Description

Fryns syndrome (FS) is a multiple congenital anomaly syndrome characterized by dysmorphic facial features, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, pulmonary hypoplasia, and distal limb hypoplasia, in addition to variable expression of additional malformations.

Most common symptoms of FRYNS SYNDROME

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Microcephaly


More info about FRYNS SYNDROME

SOURCES: MESH OMIM ORPHANET


Potential gene panels for PIGN gene

Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation Panel

United States.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN3A SCN5A SCN8A SCN9A SHH ST3GAL3 ST3GAL5

More info about this panel

Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation-Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel

United States.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation-Epileptic Encephalopathy that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN8A SCN9A ST3GAL5 SLC2A1 SLC35A2 SLC9A6 SIK1

More info about this panel

Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation - Syndromic Disorders Panel

United States.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation - Syndromic Disorders that also includes the following genes: SYNGAP1 TBX1 TSC1 TSC2 SETBP1 PANK2 ADGRV1 ATP6V0A2 MAGI2 VPS13A

More info about this panel

CustomNext: Neuro Panel

United States.

By Ambry Genetics CustomNext: Neuro that also includes the following genes: RPL10 RPS6KA3 SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN8A ST3GAL3 SLC16A2 SLC2A1 SLC35A2

More info about this panel

Neurodevelopment-Expanded Panel

United States.

By Ambry Genetics Neurodevelopment-Expanded that also includes the following genes: RPL10 RPS6KA3 SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN8A ST3GAL3 SLC16A2 SLC2A1 SLC35A2

More info about this panel

IDNext Panel

United States.

By Ambry Genetics IDNext that also includes the following genes: RPL10 RPS6KA3 SCN2A SCN8A ST3GAL3 SLC16A2 SLC2A1 SLC6A8 SLC9A6 SMARCA2

More info about this panel

Macrocephaly (NGS panel for 16 genes) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics Macrocephaly (NGS panel for 16 genes) that also includes the following genes: MED12 NSD1 MLC1 HEPACAM DHCR24 EZH2 AKT3 GFAP GPC3 ASPA

More info about this panel

Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome 1 (sequence analysis of PIGN gene) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics

This panel specifically test the PIGN gene.

More info about this panel

Epilepsy and Seizure Plus Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Epilepsy and Seizure Plus Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: RORB RYR3 SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN3A SCN5A SCN8A SCN9A SGCE

More info about this panel

Mental retardation - different panels Panel

Germany.

By Institute of Human Genetics Uniklinik RWTH Aachen Mental retardation - different panels that also includes the following genes: RGS7 RIT1 RMRP BCS1L RPL10 RPS6KA3 RRAS SALL1 SC5D ATXN10

More info about this panel

AllNeuro panel Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company AllNeuro panel that also includes the following genes: BCS1L ROR2 RPL10 BDNF RPS6KA3 RTN2 RYR1 SACS BIN1 SBF1

More info about this panel

Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome 1 Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company

This panel specifically test the PIGN gene.

More info about this panel

Macrocephaly Panel Panel

Germany.

By CeGaT GmbH Macrocephaly Panel that also includes the following genes: MED12 NSD1 MLC1 HEPACAM DHCR24 EZH2 AKT3 GCDH GFAP GPC3

More info about this panel

Macrocephaly Panel Panel

Germany.

By CeGaT GmbH Macrocephaly Panel that also includes the following genes: MED12 NSD1 MLC1 HEPACAM DHCR24 EZH2 AKT3 GCDH GFAP GPC3

More info about this panel

Invitae Epilepsy Panel Panel

United States.

By Invitae Invitae Epilepsy Panel that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN3A SCN8A SCN9A SGCE SLC2A1 SLC35A2 SLC6A1

More info about this panel

Invitae Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel Panel

United States.

By Invitae Invitae Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN2A SCN8A SCN9A SLC2A1 SLC35A2 SLC6A1 SMC1A SPTAN1 CDKL5

More info about this panel

PIGN Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics

This panel specifically test the PIGN gene.

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Epilepsy Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Comprehensive Epilepsy Panel that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN8A SCN9A SCO1 AIMP1 ST3GAL3 ST3GAL5 SLC25A1

More info about this panel

Macrocephaly , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 16 Genes Panel

Spain.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics Macrocephaly , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 16 Genes that also includes the following genes: MED12 NSD1 MLC1 HEPACAM DHCR24 EZH2 AKT3 GFAP GPC3 ASPA

More info about this panel


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