PIEZO1 gene related symptoms and diseases

All the information presented here about the PIEZO1 gene and its related diseases, symptoms, and test panels has been aggregated from the following public sources: OMIM,ORPHANET,HGNC,NCBIGENE, Mendelian Rare Disease Search Engine.

Top 5 symptoms and clinical features associated to PIEZO1 gene

Symptoms // Phenotype % Cases
Pericardial effusion Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Edema Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Generalized edema Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Ascites Common - Between 50% and 80% cases
Hemolytic anemia Common - Between 50% and 80% cases

Other less frequent symptoms and clinical features

Patients with PIEZO1 gene alterations may also develop some of the following symptoms and phenotypes:
  • Commonly - More than 50% cases

  • Spherocytosis
  • Stomatocytosis
  • Splenomegaly
  • Fever
  • Anemia
  • Not very common - Between 30% and 50% cases

  • Hyperbilirubinemia
  • Hepatitis
  • Increased serum ferritin

And 58 more phenotypes, you can get all of them using our tools for rare diseases.

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Rare diseases associated to PIEZO1 gene

Here you will find a list of rare diseases related to the PIEZO1. You can also use our tool to get a more accurate diagnosis based on your current symptoms.


LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, III; LMPH3


Alternate names

LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, III; LMPH3 Is also known as generalized lymphatic dysplasia of fotiou

Description

Hereditary lymphedema III is a form of generalized lymphatic dysplasia (GLD), which is characterized by a uniform, widespread lymphedema affecting all segments of the body, with systemic involvement such as intestinal and/or pulmonary lymphangiectasia, pleural effusions, chylothoraces and/or pericardial effusions. In LMPH3, there is a high incidence of nonimmune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) with either death or complete resolution of the neonatal edema but childhood onset of lymphedema with or without systemic involvement. Mild facial edema is often present. Patients have normal intelligence and no seizures (summary by Fotiou et al., 2015).

Most common symptoms of LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, III; LMPH3

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Hearing impairment
  • Scoliosis


More info about LYMPHEDEMA, HEREDITARY, III; LMPH3

SOURCES: OMIM

DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS


Alternate names

DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS Is also known as hereditary xerocytosis

Description

Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS) is a rare hemolytic anemia characterized by a decreased red cell osmotic fragility due to a defect in cation permeability, resulting in red cell dehydration and mild to moderate compensated hemolysis. Pseudohyperkalemia (loss of potassium ions from red cells on storage at room temperature) is sometimes observed.


More info about DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS

SOURCES: ORPHANET

DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1


Alternate names

DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1 Is also known as pseudohyperkalemia, familial, 1, due to red cell leak, pshk1, dhs, dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis, xerocytosis, hereditary, desiccytosis, hereditary, pseudohyperkalemia edinburgh

Description

Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS), also known as hereditary xerocytosis, is an autosomal dominant hemolytic anemia characterized by primary erythrocyte dehydration. DHS erythrocytes exhibit decreased total cation and potassium content that are not accompanied by a proportional net gain of sodium and water. DHS patients typically exhibit mild to moderate compensated hemolytic anemia, with an increased erythrocyte mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and a decreased osmotic fragility, both of which reflect cellular dehydration (summary by Zarychanski et al., 2012). Patients may also show perinatal edema and pseudohyperkalemia due to loss of K+ from red cells stored at room temperature. A minor proportion of red cells appear as stomatocytes on blood films. Complications such as splenomegaly and cholelithiasis, resulting from increased red cell trapping in the spleen and elevated bilirubin levels, respectively, may occur. The course of DHS is frequently associated with iron overload, which may lead to hepatosiderosis (summary by Albuisson et al., 2013).Dehydrated red blood cells, including those from hereditary xerocytosis patients, show delayed infection rates to Plasmodium in vitro, suggesting a potential protective mechanism against malaria (Tiffert et al., 2005). A polymorphism in PIEZO1 that is enriched in populations of African descent and results in xerocytosis conferred resistance to Plasmodium infection in vitro (see {611184.0016}).The 'leaky red blood cells' in familial pseudohyperkalemia show a temperature-dependent loss of potassium when stored at room temperature, manifesting as apparent hyperkalemia. The red blood cells show a reduced life span in vivo, but there is no frank hemolysis. Studies of cation content and transport show a marginal increase in permeability at 37 degrees C and a degree of cellular dehydration, qualitatively similar to the changes seen in dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis. Physiologic studies show that the passive leak of potassium has an abnormal temperature dependence, such that the leak is less sensitive to temperature than that in normal cells (summary by Iolascon et al., 1999).Carella et al. (2004) noted that 3 clinical forms of pseudohyperkalemia unassociated with hematologic manifestations, based predominantly on the leak-temperature dependence curve, had been reported: (1) pseudohyperkalemia Edinburgh, in which the curve has a shallow slope; (2) pseudohyperkalemia Chiswick or Falkirk (see {609153}), in which the curve is shouldered; and (3) pseudohyperkalemia Cardiff (see {609153}), in which the temperature dependence of the leak shows a 'U-shaped' profile with a minimum at 23 degrees C. Gore et al. (2004) stated that potassium-flux temperature profiles are consistent both from year to year in an individual as well as consistent within affected members of a pedigree. Genetic Heterogeneity of Hereditary StomatocytosisDehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis-2 (DHS2 ) is caused by mutation in the KCNN4 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 19q13. Another form of stomatocytosis, involving familial pseudohyperkalemia with minimal hematologic abnormalities (PSHK2 ), is caused by mutation in the ABCB6 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 2q35. Cryohydrocytosis (CHC ) is caused by mutation in the SLC4A1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 17q21, and stomatin-deficient cryohydrocytosis with neurologic defects (SDCHCN ) is caused by mutation in the SLC2A1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 1p34. An overhydrated form of hereditary stomatocytosis (OHST ) is caused by mutation in the RHAG gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 6p12.See {137280} for a discussion of the association of familial stomatocytosis and hypertrophic gastritis in the dog, an autosomal recessive syndrome. ReviewsDelaunay (2004) reviewed genetic disorders of red cell membrane permeability to monovalent cations, noting 'inevitable' overlap between entities based on clinical phenotype.Bruce (2009) provided a review of hereditary stomatocytosis and cation-leaky red cells, stating that consistent features include hemolytic anemia, a monovalent cation leak, and changes in red cell morphology that appear to follow a continuum, from normal discocyte to stomatocyte to echinocyte in DHS, and from discocyte to stomatocyte to spherocyte to fragmentation in OHST. Bruce (2009) suggested that the underlying pathologic mechanism might involve misfolded mutant proteins that escape the quality control system of the cell and reach the red cell membrane, where they disrupt the red cell membrane structure and cause a cation leak that alters the hydration of the red cell, thereby changing the morphology and viability of the cell.King and Zanella (2013) provided an overview of 2 groups of nonimmune hereditary red cell membrane disorders caused by defects in membrane proteins located in distinct layers of the red cell membrane: red cell cytoskeleton disorders, including hereditary spherocytosis (see {182900}), hereditary elliptocytosis (see {611804}), and hereditary pyropoikilocytosis (OMIM ); and cation permeability disorders of the red cell membrane, or hereditary stomatocytoses, including DHS, OHST, CHC, and PSHK. The authors noted that because there is no specific screening test for the hereditary stomatocytoses, a preliminary diagnosis is based on the presence of a compensated hemolytic anemia, macrocytosis, and a temperature- or time-dependent pseudohyperkalemia in some patients. King et al. (2015) reported the International Council for Standardization in Haematology (ICSH) guidelines for laboratory diagnosis of nonimmune hereditary red cell membrane disorders.

Most common symptoms of DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1

  • Anemia
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Edema


More info about DEHYDRATED HEREDITARY STOMATOCYTOSIS 1 WITH OR WITHOUT PSEUDOHYPERKALEMIA AND/OR PERINATAL EDEMA; DHS1

SOURCES: OMIM


Potential gene panels for PIEZO1 gene

Non-immune Hydrops Panel Panel

United States.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center Non-immune Hydrops Panel that also includes the following genes: RIT1 RPL11 RPL35A RPL5 RPS10 RPS17 RPS19 RPS24 RPS26 SEC23B

More info about this panel

Red Blood Cell Membrane Disorders panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS) Panel

United States.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Red Blood Cell Membrane Disorders panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS) that also includes the following genes: RHAG SLC2A1 SPTA1 SPTB XK ATP11C ABCG5 ABCG8 COL4A1 PIEZO1

More info about this panel

Hemolytic Anemia Panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS) Panel

United States.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Hemolytic Anemia Panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS) that also includes the following genes: RHAG SEC23B SLC2A1 SPTA1 SPTB TPI1 XK ATP11C ABCG5 ABCG8

More info about this panel

PIEZO1 Sequencing Panel

United States.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

This panel specifically test the PIEZO1 gene.

More info about this panel

PIEZO1 Deletion/duplication analysis Panel

United States.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

This panel specifically test the PIEZO1 gene.

More info about this panel

Hemolytic Anemia Deletion/Duplication Panel Panel

United States.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Hemolytic Anemia Deletion/Duplication Panel that also includes the following genes: RHAG SEC23B SLC2A1 SPTA1 SPTB TPI1 XK ABCG5 ABCG8 LPIN2

More info about this panel

Red Blood Cell Membrane Disorders Deletion/Duplication Panel Panel

United States.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Red Blood Cell Membrane Disorders Deletion/Duplication Panel that also includes the following genes: RHAG SLC2A1 SPTA1 SPTB XK ABCG5 ABCG8 PIEZO1 EPB41 EPB42

More info about this panel

Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia Panel, Sequencing Panel

United States.

By ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia Panel, Sequencing that also includes the following genes: SLCO1B1 SLCO1B3 SPTA1 SPTB TPI1 UGT1A1 UGT1A6 UGT1A7 NT5C3A ADA

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Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis with or without pseudohyperkalemia and/or perinatal edema (sequence analysis of PIEZO1 gene) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics

This panel specifically test the PIEZO1 gene.

More info about this panel

Hereditary Xerocytosis via PIEZO1 Gene Sequencing with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics

This panel specifically test the PIEZO1 gene.

More info about this panel

Lymphedema Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Lymphedema Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: SOX18 VEGFC GJC2 FAT4 PIEZO1 CCBE1 FLT4 FOXC2 GATA2 GJA1

More info about this panel

Hereditary Xerocytosis Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Hereditary Xerocytosis Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: PIEZO1 KCNN4

More info about this panel

Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company

This panel specifically test the PIEZO1 gene.

More info about this panel

NGS Panel for Hereditary hemolytic anemia including membranopathies (spherocytosis, elliptocytosis, xerocytosis, stomatocytosis, pyropoikylocytosis) and enzymopathies Panel

Spain.

By BLOODGENETICS BLOODGENETICS NGS Panel for Hereditary hemolytic anemia including membranopathies (spherocytosis, elliptocytosis, xerocytosis, stomatocytosis, pyropoikylocytosis) and enzymopathies that also includes the following genes: RHAG BPGM SLC2A1 SPTA1 SPTB TPI1 UGT1A1 XK ABCG5 ABCG8

More info about this panel

Primary lymphedema and Hydrops fetalis Panel

Belgium.

By Center for Human Genetics Cliniques Universitaires Saint Luc Primary lymphedema and Hydrops fetalis that also includes the following genes: SOS1 SOX18 VEGFC GJC2 FAT4 PIEZO1 CCBE1 EPHB4 FLT4 FOXC2

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Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia Comprehensive Sequencing, Varies Panel

United States.

By Mayo Clinic Genetic Testing Laboratories Mayo Clinic Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia Comprehensive Sequencing, Varies that also includes the following genes: RHAG RPS19 SEC23B SLC2A1 SPTA1 SPTB TPI1 UGT1A1 XK CD59

More info about this panel

PIEZO1 Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics

This panel specifically test the PIEZO1 gene.

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Hematology Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Comprehensive Hematology Panel that also includes the following genes: RHAG RIT1 RPL11 RPL15 RPL35A RPL5 RPS10 RPS19 RPS24 RPS26

More info about this panel

Anemia Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Anemia Panel that also includes the following genes: RHAG RPL11 RPL15 RPL35A RPL5 RPS10 RPS19 RPS24 RPS26 RPS29

More info about this panel

Lymphatic Malformations and Related Disorders Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Lymphatic Malformations and Related Disorders Panel that also includes the following genes: SOX18 GJC2 FAT4 PIEZO1 CCBE1 FLT4 FOXC2 GATA2 KIF11 PIK3CA

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