ARHGAP26 gene related symptoms and diseases

All the information presented here about the ARHGAP26 gene and its related diseases, symptoms, and test panels has been aggregated from the following public sources: HGNC,OMIM,NCBIGENE, Mendelian Rare Disease Search Engine.

Top 5 symptoms and clinical features associated to ARHGAP26 gene

Symptoms // Phenotype % Cases
Generalized hypotonia Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Acute myeloid leukemia Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Acute myelomonocytic leukemia Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Monocytosis Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases

Other less frequent symptoms and clinical features

Patients with ARHGAP26 gene alterations may also develop some of the following symptoms and phenotypes:
  • Commonly - More than 50% cases

  • Refractory anemia
  • Myeloproliferative disorder
  • Acute monocytic leukemia
  • Facial hypotonia
  • Myeloid leukemia
  • Abnormal facial shape
  • Neurofibromas
  • Myelodysplasia

And 6 more phenotypes, you can get all of them using our tools for rare diseases.

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Rare diseases associated to ARHGAP26 gene

Here you will find a list of rare diseases related to the ARHGAP26. You can also use our tool to get a more accurate diagnosis based on your current symptoms.


JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA


Alternate names

JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA Is also known as juvenile chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, jmml, leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic

Description

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia is an aggressive pediatric myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) characterized by malignant transformation in the hematopoietic stem cell compartment with proliferation of differentiated progeny (Loh et al., 2009). JMML constitutes approximately 30% of childhood cases of myelodysplastic syndrome and 2% of leukemia (Hasle et al., 1999). Although JMML is a progressive and often rapidly fatal disease without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), some patients have been shown to have a prolonged and stable clinical course without HSCT (Niemeyer et al., 1997). Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a similar disorder with later onset. Both JMML and CMML have a high frequency of mutations affecting the RAS signaling pathway and show hypersensitivity to stimulation with GM-CSF, which causes STAT5 (OMIM ) hyperphosphorylation (Loh et al., 2009). Genetic Heterogeneity of Juvenile Myelomonocytic LeukemiaIn up to 60% of cases of JMML, the RAS/MAPK pathway is deregulated due to somatic mutations in the PTPN11 (OMIM ), KRAS (OMIM ), and NRAS (OMIM ) genes. Additionally, both germline and somatic mutations in the CBL gene have been found in patients with JMML, indicating a frequency of 10 to 15% of JMML patients overall (Loh et al., 2009). Somatic disruptions of the GRAF gene (ARHGAP26 ) have also been found in patients with JMML.About 10 to 15% of JMML cases arise in children with neurofibromatosis type I (NF1 ) due to germline mutations in the NF1 gene (OMIM ). In addition, patients with Noonan syndrome (NS1, {163950}; NS3, {609942}) or Noonan syndrome-like disorder (NSLL ) due to germline mutations in the PTPN11, KRAS2, and CBL genes, respectively, also have an increased risk of developing JMML. Genetic Heterogeneity of Chronic Myelomonocytic LeukemiaSomatic mutations in the CBL, ASXL1 (OMIM ), TET2 (OMIM ), and SF3B1 (OMIM ) genes have been found in patients with CMML.

Most common symptoms of JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA

  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Abnormal facial shape
  • Anemia
  • Anteverted nares
  • Splenomegaly


More info about JUVENILE MYELOMONOCYTIC LEUKEMIA

SOURCES: ORPHANET MESH OMIM


Potential gene panels for ARHGAP26 gene

ARHGAP26 Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics

This panel specifically test the ARHGAP26 gene.

More info about this panel

Onco microarray for MDS/AML Panel

United States.

By Pittsburgh Cytogenetics Laboratory University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Onco microarray for MDS/AML that also includes the following genes: BCR RPN1 RUNX1 SET TCF3 TERT TFG TP53 TRPS1 WT1

More info about this panel

FoundationOneĀ® Heme Panel

United States.

By Foundation Medicine, Inc. FoundationOneĀ® Heme that also includes the following genes: BCL6 BCL7A ROS1 RUNX1 BLM SDHA SDHB SDHC SDHD SF3B1

More info about this panel

Caris MI TumorSeek 592-Gene NGS Panel Panel

United States.

By Caris Life Sciences Caris MI TumorSeek 592-Gene NGS Panel that also includes the following genes: BCL6 BCL7A BCL9 BCR ROS1 RPL10 RPL22 RPL5 RPN1 RUNX1

More info about this panel

Tempus xT assay Panel

United States.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. Tempus xT assay that also includes the following genes: BCL6 RIT1 BCL7A BCR ROS1 RPL5 RPS15 RPS6KB1 RUNX1 RXRA

More info about this panel

Tempus xO assay Panel

United States.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. Tempus xO assay that also includes the following genes: BCL6 RHEB RIPK1 RIPK2 RIPK3 RIT1 BCL7A BCL9 BCR ROBO2

More info about this panel


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