Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 3; Ws3

Description

Waardenburg syndrome type 3 is an auditory-pigmentary syndrome characterized by pigmentary abnormalities of the hair, skin, and eyes; congenital sensorineural hearing loss; presence of 'dystopia canthorum,' the lateral displacement of the ocular inner canthi; and upper limb abnormalities (reviews by Read and Newton, 1997 and Pingault et al., 2010). WS type 3 is also referred to as 'Klein-Waardenburg syndrome' (Gorlin et al., 1976). Clinical Variability of Waardenburg Syndrome Types 1-4Waardenburg syndrome has been classified into 4 main phenotypes. Type I Waardenburg syndrome (WS1 ) is characterized by pigmentary abnormalities of the hair, including a white forelock and premature graying; pigmentary changes of the iris, such as heterochromia iridis and brilliant blue eyes; congenital sensorineural hearing loss; and 'dystopia canthorum.' WS type II (WS2) is distinguished from type I by the absence of dystopia canthorum. WS type III has dystopia canthorum and is distinguished by the presence of upper limb abnormalities. WS type IV (WS4 ), also known as Waardenburg-Shah syndrome, has the additional feature of Hirschsprung disease (reviews by Read and Newton, 1997 and Pingault et al., 2010).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 3; Ws3

  • Intellectual disability
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Microcephaly
  • Hypertelorism
  • Failure to thrive
  • Sensorineural hearing impairment
  • Cleft palate
  • Flexion contracture
  • Brachydactyly

And another 44 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 3; Ws3 Is also known as klein-waardenburg syndrome, waardenburg syndrome, type iii, waardenburg syndrome with upper limb anomalies.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 3; Ws3 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Hearing Loss Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

BCS1L, ROR1, SALL1, SEMA3E, SIX1, SIX5, SLC12A1, SLC19A2, SLC22A4, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, TBX1, TCOF1, TECTA, TFAP2A, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C , (...)

View the complete list with 149 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
NGS Hearing Loss Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SIX1, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, TECTA, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, TSPEAR, WFS1, ESPN, CDH23, CACNA1D, ACTG1, PCDH15, USH1G, WHRN , (...)

View the complete list with 70 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Waardenburg Syndrome Type 1/Type 3.

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc (United States).

PAX3
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Waardenburg Syndrome Type I, 3 - PAX3 Sequencing.

By Children's Hospital Colorado Molecular Genetics Laboratory Children's Hospital Colorado (United States).

PAX3
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Waardenburg Syndrome, Type 1 and 3 - PAX 3 Gene.

By Center for Genetics at Saint Francis Saint Francis Hospital (United States).

PAX3
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
OtoSCOPE.

By Molecular Otolaryngology and Renal Research Laboratories University of Iowa Hospital and Clinics (United States).

ROR1, SIX1, SIX5, SLC22A4, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, TBX1, TWNK, TCOF1, TECTA, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, TSPEAR, WFS1, ESPN , (...)

View the complete list with 130 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Hearing Loss Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPS6KA3, SALL1, SEMA3E, SIX1, SIX5, SLC19A2, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, BTD, TCOF1, TECTA, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, WFS1, ESPN , (...)

View the complete list with 100 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
OtoGenome Test for Hearing Loss (110 Genes).

By Laboratory for Molecular Medicine Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine (United States).

BCS1L, SIX1, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, TECTA, TIMM8A, TMPRSS3, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, WFS1, ESPN, CLIC5, CDH23, CABP2, RIPOR2, CACNA1D, ACTG1, PCDH15 , (...)

View the complete list with 89 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Rare Disease Symptoms Checker

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