Speech-language Disorder 1; Spch1

Description

Speech-language disorder-1 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by severe orofacial dyspraxia resulting in largely incomprehensible speech. Affected individuals were originally thought to have specific defects in the use of grammatical suffixation rules (Gopnik, 1990; Gopnik and Crago, 1991). The phenotype, however, is broader in nature, with virtually every aspect of grammar and language affected (Fisher et al., 1998). Vargha-Khadem et al. (1998) concluded that the disorder is characterized by abnormal development of several brain areas critical for both orofacial movements and sequential articulation, resulting in marked disruption of speech and expressive language. Relation to Specific Language ImpairmentChildren who fail to develop expressive and/or receptive language normally, in the absence of explanatory factors such as neurologic disorders, hearing impairment, or lack of adequate opportunity, are clinically described as having specific language impairment (SLI; see {606711}) (Bartlett et al., 2002).See also familial developmental dysphasia (OMIM ).

Clinical Features

Phenotypes and symptoms related to Speech-language Disorder 1; Spch1

  • Global developmental delay
  • Pica
  • Delayed speech and language development
  • Falls
  • Poor speech
  • Abnormality of the face
  • Speech apraxia
  • Abnormality of the basal ganglia
  • Incomprehensible speech
  • Oromotor apraxia

Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


Mendelian

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Speech-language Disorder 1; Spch1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Autsim Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ADSL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1 , (...)

View the complete list with 87 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Autism NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, TSC2 , (...)

View the complete list with 80 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Nuclear-Mito NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

HTT, UBE3A, MUTYH, TP53, MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, ACAT1, YARS2, FBP1, PC, GYS2, UQCRQ, UQCRB , (...)

View the complete list with 484 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
IMMP2L.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

IMMP2L
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Syndromic Autism Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, STXBP1, TUBA1A, AMT, SLC9A6, ALDH5A1, TMLHE, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, FOXG1, MEF2C , (...)

View the complete list with 63 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
50 %
Speech-Language Disorder 1, FOXP2.

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc in United States.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Autism/Intellectual Disability/Multiple Anomalies.

By Human Genetics Laboratory, Munroe-Meyer Institute University of Nebraska Medical Center in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MKKS, RAF1, MECP2, TUBA1A, SLC9A6, FGFR3, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, HRAS , (...)

View the complete list with 69 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
50 %
CustomNext: Neuro.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, TUSC3, CTSD, SLC25A22, GRN, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A , (...)

View the complete list with 176 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
Neurodevelopment-Expanded.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, TUSC3, CTSD, SLC25A22, GRN, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A , (...)

View the complete list with 176 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
IDNext.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, TUSC3, SLC25A22, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A, MAOA, ACSL4, SLC9A6, ABCD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 120 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
Speech-language disorder 1 (sequence analysis of FOXP2 gene).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Mental Retardation and Dysmorphology - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, RECQL4, AGL, ATP7A, GAA, LRP5, SLC37A4, GNPTAB, GLB1, HSD17B10, OCRL, JAG1, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, RAF1, SMPD1, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 323 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
Syndromal Diseases - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, RECQL4, AGL, ATP7A, GAA, LRP5, SLC37A4, GNPTAB, GLB1, HSD17B10, OCRL, JAG1, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, RAF1, SMPD1, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 322 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
Speech-language disorder type 1.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
AllNeuro panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

F2, F5, FMR1, HTT, HFE, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, VHL, PTEN, AARS2, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 1185 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
Speech Language Disorder1, FOXP2.

By GGA - Galil Genetic Analysis in Israel.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
FOXP2.

By MVZ Dortmund Dr. Eberhard & Partner in Germany.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders.

By Asper Biogene Asper Biogene LLC in Estonia.

UBE3A, ADSL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC6A8, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, FOXG1, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, HDAC8, TSC2, RAD21, SMC3 , (...)

View the complete list with 32 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
50 %
Autism.

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases in Spain.

UBE3A, CACNA1F, MECP2, SLC25A12, ARX, PCDH19, CACNA1H, GABRB3, RELN, NRXN1, CNTNAP2, SHANK3, PTCHD1, FOXP2, CACNA1C, HOXA1, NLGN4X, NLGN3, RPL10, CNTN4 , (...)

View the complete list with 8 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
50 %
Rett, Syndrome.

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases in Spain.

UBE3A, MECP2, STXBP1, ALDH5A1, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, MEF2C, PLP1, SCN2A, KCNQ2, TCF4, SHANK3, NTNG1, FOXP2, FOXP1, BDNF, HERC2
Specificity
6 %
Genes
50 %
Speech-Language Disorder 1: FOXP2 Full Gene Sequencing.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Speech-Language Disorder 1: FOXP2 Gene Deletion/Duplication.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Tier 2 Panel.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ADSL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ALDH5A1, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11 , (...)

View the complete list with 42 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
50 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Tier 2 Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, SLC2A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 39 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
50 %
FOXP2.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Rapid microarray (CGH and SNP).

By Allele Diagnostics Allele Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, VHL, APC, PTEN, TP53, USH1C, ATP7A, FOXL2, HBB, EYA1, OCA2, WT1, PAX6, CHM, RB1, HNF1B, RET, ELN, OCRL , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
High-Resolution Rapid Microarray (CGH and SNP).

By Allele Diagnostics Allele Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, VHL, APC, PTEN, TP53, USH1C, ATP7A, FOXL2, HBB, EYA1, OCA2, WT1, PAX6, CHM, RB1, HNF1B, RET, ELN, OCRL , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
Speech and Language Disorder Type 1 , Sequencing FOXP2 Gene.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

FOXP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
50 %
Rett Syndrome and Related Disorders , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 18 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

UBE3A, MECP2, STXBP1, ALDH5A1, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, MEF2C, PLP1, SCN2A, KCNQ2, TCF4, SHANK3, NTNG1, FOXP2, FOXP1, BDNF, HERC2
Specificity
6 %
Genes
50 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders (Expanded Panel) , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 77 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, TSC2 , (...)

View the complete list with 57 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
50 %
Tempus xO assay.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, EPCAM, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, ABCB11, ABCB4, FKBP10, FOXL2, HNF1A, PPARG , (...)

View the complete list with 1693 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %

Alternate names

Speech-language Disorder 1; Spch1 Is also known as childhood apraxia of speech;cas, developmental verbal dyspraxia;dvd, speech and language disorder with orofacial dyspraxia;cas; developmental verbal dyspraxia; speech and language disorder with orofacial dyspraxia; speech-language disorder type 1.


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