Premature Ovarian Failure 1; Pof1

Description

Premature ovarian failure is clearly a heterogeneous disorder. The terms 'hypergonadotropic ovarian failure' and 'hypergonadotropic ovarian dysgenesis' (see ODG1, {233300}) have been used to indicate a group of disorders in which amenorrhea associated with elevated levels of serum gonadotropins occurs long before the age of 40 years (Coulam, 1982). Cytogenetic studies of X-chromosome aberrations have suggested that it is mainly the long arm of the X chromosome that is involved in defects of ovulation (Bione et al., 1998). ReviewsRossetti et al. (2017) reviewed the genetics of primary ovarian insufficiency, noting that the significance of this disorder was increasing because of the increasing number of women desiring conception beyond 30 years of age, at which point POF prevalence is more than 1%. Genetic Heterogeneity of Premature Ovarian FailureMutations in genes identified within a region defined as POF2 (Xq13.3-q21.1) have been found to cause other forms of POF: POF2A (OMIM ) by mutation in the DIAPH2 gene (OMIM ) and POF2B (OMIM ) by mutation in the POF1B gene (OMIM ). See also POF3 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FOXL2 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 3q22; POF4 (see {300510}), caused by mutation in the BMP15 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome Xp11; POF5 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the NOBOX gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 7q35; POF6 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the FIGLA gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 2p13; POF7 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the NR5A1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 9q33; POF8 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the STAG3 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 7q22; POF9 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the HFM1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 1p22; POF10 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the MCM8 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 20p12; POF11 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the ERCC6 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 10q11; POF12 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the SYCE1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 10q26; POF13 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the MSH5 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 6p21; and POF14 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the GDF9 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 5q31.In 100 patients with primary or secondary amenorrhea before the age of 40 years, who also exhibited elevated FSH, Bouilly et al. (2016) screened for variants in 19 POF-associated or candidate genes. The authors noted that 8 of the 19 mutation-positive patients carried a genetic defect in more than 1 gene, and that patients with 2 or more variants tended to have a younger age of onset and were more likely have primary rather than secondary amenorrhea. Bouilly et al. (2016) suggested that digenicity and possibly oligogenicity may contribute to POF, noting that this might account for the phenotypic variability and incomplete penetrance that have been observed in patients with POF.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Premature Ovarian Failure 1; Pof1

  • Intellectual disability
  • High palate
  • Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis
  • Sparse hair
  • Autoimmunity
  • Webbed neck
  • Amenorrhea
  • Premature ovarian insufficiency
  • Secondary amenorrhea
  • Fatigable weakness

And another 5 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Premature Ovarian Failure 1; Pof1 Is also known as ovarian failure, premature, pof, primary ovarian insufficiency, fragile x-associated, pofx, hypergonadotropic ovarian failure, x-linked, premature ovarian failure, x-linked, fragile x premature ovarian failure.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Premature Ovarian Failure 1; Pof1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
FRX.

By Molecular Diagnostic Laboratory University of Alberta (Canada).

FMR1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
FMR1 Sequence Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

FMR1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
FMR1 Sequence Analysis (Familial Mutation/Variant Analysis).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

FMR1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
FMR1 Sequence Analysis (Prenatal Diagnosis).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

FMR1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Complete Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RMRP, BCS1L, SACS, BLM, SGCA, SGCB, SGCG, SGSH, SLC12A6, SLC17A5, SLC22A5, SLC25A13, SLC25A15, SLC26A2, SLC35A3, SLC7A7, SMN1, SMPD1, BTD, BTK , (...)

View the complete list with 139 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Basic Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

SMN1, CFTR, DMD, FMR1, HBA1, HBA2, HBB
Specificity
15 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Ashkenazi Jewish Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

BLM, SLC35A3, SMN1, SMPD1, CLRN1, MCOLN1, PCDH15, RTEL1, CFTR, SUMF1, DHDDS, ADAMTS2, COL4A3, CPT2, TMEM216, DHCR7, DLD, DMD, FAH, FANCC , (...)

View the complete list with 19 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware ACMG/ACOG Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

BLM, SMN1, SMPD1, MCOLN1, CFTR, DMD, FANCC, FMR1, GBA, HBA1, HBA2, HBB, HEXA, ELP1, ASPA
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

ORPHANET OMIM Genetic Syndrome Finder

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