Parietal Foramina 2; Pfm2

Description

Parietal foramina-2 is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by bilateral parietal foramina in the skull. Some patients with PFM2 may also have mild features of frontonasal dysplasia, including hypertelorism or nose abnormalities (summary by Altunoglu et al., 2014).For a phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of parietal foramina, see PFM1 (OMIM ).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Parietal Foramina 2; Pfm2

  • Hypertelorism
  • Abnormal facial shape
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Depressed nasal bridge
  • Alopecia
  • Upslanted palpebral fissure
  • Brachycephaly
  • Broad nasal tip
  • Encephalocele
  • Broad thumb

And another 10 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Parietal Foramina 2; Pfm2 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Frontonasal Dysplasia 2 - ALX4 Sequencing.

By Children's Hospital Colorado Molecular Genetics Laboratory Children's Hospital Colorado (United States).

ALX4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Frontonasal Dysplasia 2 - ALX4 Del/Dup Analysis.

By Children's Hospital Colorado Molecular Genetics Laboratory Children's Hospital Colorado (United States).

ALX4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Craniosynostosis.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

SKI, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TWIST1, IFT122, RAB23, ASXL1, WDR19, WDR35, IFT43, EFNB1, FBN1, FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, GLI3, ALPL, ALX4, IL11RA, MASP1 , (...)

View the complete list with 3 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Craniofacial Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RUNX2, SKI, TCF12, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TWIST1, ZIC1, IFT122, RAB23, ALX1, CD96, CDC45, WDR19, FAM20C, WDR35, IFT43, DPH1, EFNB1, MEGF8, ERF , (...)

View the complete list with 11 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Craniofacial Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RUNX2, SKI, TCF12, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, TWIST1, ZIC1, IFT122, RAB23, ALX1, CD96, CDC45, WDR19, FAM20C, WDR35, IFT43, DPH1, EFNB1, MEGF8, ERF , (...)

View the complete list with 11 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Facial Dysostosis Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SF3B4, TCOF1, ALX1, EVC2, POLR1C, POLR1D, CHD7, DHODH, ZSWIM6, EFTUD2, EFNB1, EVC, ALX3, ALX4, MYCN, PDE4D, PRKAR1A
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
ALX4. Complete sequencing.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica (Spain).

ALX4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Craniofacial Del/Dup Panel.

By Division of Genomic Diagnostics The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States).

RUNX2, SALL1, SF3B4, SIX1, SIX5, SKI, SNRPB, TCF12, TCOF1, TWIST1, ZIC1, IFT122, RAB23, ALX1, CD96, POLR1A, WDR19, EVC2, POLR1C, POLR1D , (...)

View the complete list with 22 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

MESH OMIM Rare Disease Symptoms Checker

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