Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 4a, Slow-channel; Cms4a

Description

Slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS) is a disorder of the postsynaptic neuromuscular junction (NMJ) characterized by early-onset progressive muscle weakness. The disorder results from kinetic abnormalities of the acetylcholine receptor channel, specifically from prolonged opening and activity of the channel, which causes prolonged synaptic currents resulting in a depolarization block. This is associated with calcium overload, which may contribute to subsequent degeneration of the endplate and postsynaptic membrane. Treatment with quinine, quinidine, or fluoxetine may be helpful; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and amifampridine should be avoided (summary by Engel et al., 2015).For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of CMS, see CMS1A (OMIM ).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 4a, Slow-channel; Cms4a

  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Strabismus
  • Muscle weakness
  • Ptosis
  • Dysphagia
  • Respiratory insufficiency
  • Respiratory distress
  • Myopathy
  • Feeding difficulties in infancy
  • Limb muscle weakness

And another 15 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

Click here to know more about Mendelian.

Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 4a, Slow-channel; Cms4a Is also known as cms1a1, formerly, cms ia1, formerly, congenital myasthenic syndrome type ia1, formerly.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


Mendelian

Accelerate your rare disease diagnosis with us

Learn more

Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 4a, Slow-channel; Cms4a Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
GeneAware Complete Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RMRP, BCS1L, SACS, BLM, SGCA, SGCB, SGCG, SGSH, SLC12A6, SLC17A5, SLC22A5, SLC25A13, SLC25A15, SLC26A2, SLC35A3, SLC7A7, SMN1, SMPD1, BTD, BTK , (...)

View the complete list with 139 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Complete Panel Version 2 (Male).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RMRP, BCS1L, SACS, BLM, SGCA, SGCB, SGCG, SGSH, SLC12A6, SLC17A5, SLC22A5, SLC25A13, SLC25A15, SLC26A2, SLC35A3, SLC7A7, SMN1, SMPD1, BTD, TGM1 , (...)

View the complete list with 129 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome Advanced Sequencing Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SCN4A, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE, COLQ, DOK7, DPAGT1, AGRN, GFPT1, MUSK, RAPSN
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Neuromuscular Disorders Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RYR1, BIN1, SCN4A, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCE, SGCG, SLC25A4, SUCLA2, SUCLG1, TWNK, TCAP, TIA1, TK2, TNNI2, TNNT1, TPM2, TPM3, MYOT , (...)

View the complete list with 124 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Contractures Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SKI, SLC18A3, TNNI2, TNNT3, TPM2, TPM3, UBA1, ZMPSTE24, ACTA1, ADGRG6, SLC5A7, KLHL41, FKBP10, NEK9, NALCN, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE , (...)

View the complete list with 37 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Neuromuscular Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RYR1, RYR2, BIN1, SCN4A, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCE, SGCG, TCAP, TNNI2, TNNT1, TPM2, TPM3, MYOT, TTN, VCP, VRK1, ACTA1, CAPN3 , (...)

View the complete list with 59 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Neuromuscular Disorders Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RYR1, BIN1, SCN4A, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCG, SNAP25, STIM1, SYT2, TCAP, TNNT1, TNXB, TPM2, TPM3, MYOT, TTN, VCP, ACTA1, RXYLT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 91 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SCN4A, SNAP25, SYT2, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE, COL13A1, COLQ, ALG2, DOK7, ALG14, DPAGT1, PREPL, AGRN, GFPT1, LRP4, MUSK, RAPSN
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %

We have 52 more panels available in our App

Get the app

Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Rare Disease Symptoms Checker

If you liked this article maybe you will also find interesting the following in-depth articles about other rare diseases, like SHASHI-PENA SYNDROME; SHAPNS METACARPAL 4-5 FUSION; MF4 DYSFIBRINOGENEMIA, CONGENITAL CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE, AXONAL, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT, TYPE 2A2A; CMT2A2A AUTISM, SUSCEPTIBILITY TO, X-LINKED 4; AUTSX4 EHLERS-DANLOS SYNDROME, AUTOSOMAL RECESSIVE, CARDIAC VALVULAR FORM CHROMOSOME 22q11.2 DUPLICATION SYNDROME

Need help with a diagnosis?

Learn more about how to achieve it with Mendelian


Learn more