Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 2a, Slow-channel; Cms2a

Description

Slow-channel congenital myasthenic syndrome (SCCMS) is a disorder of the postsynaptic neuromuscular junction (NMJ) characterized by early-onset progressive muscle weakness. The disorder results from kinetic abnormalities of the acetylcholine receptor channel, specifically from prolonged opening and activity of the channel, which causes prolonged synaptic currents resulting in a depolarization block. This is associated with calcium overload, which may contribute to subsequent degeneration of the endplate and postsynaptic membrane. Treatment with quinine, quinidine, or fluoxetine may be helpful; cholinesterase inhibitors and amifampridine should be avoided (summary by Engel et al., 2015).For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of CMS, see CMS1A (OMIM ).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 2a, Slow-channel; Cms2a

  • Short stature
  • Muscle weakness
  • Ptosis
  • Flexion contracture
  • High palate
  • Skeletal muscle atrophy
  • Myopathy
  • Neonatal hypotonia
  • Facial palsy
  • Ophthalmoplegia

And another 8 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

Click here to know more about Mendelian.

Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


Mendelian

Accelerate your rare disease diagnosis with us

Learn more

Myasthenic Syndrome, Congenital, 2a, Slow-channel; Cms2a Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome Advanced Sequencing Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SCN4A, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE, COLQ, DOK7, DPAGT1, AGRN, GFPT1, MUSK, RAPSN
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Neuromuscular Disorders Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RYR1, BIN1, SCN4A, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCE, SGCG, SLC25A4, SUCLA2, SUCLG1, TWNK, TCAP, TIA1, TK2, TNNI2, TNNT1, TPM2, TPM3, MYOT , (...)

View the complete list with 124 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Contractures Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SKI, SLC18A3, TNNI2, TNNT3, TPM2, TPM3, UBA1, ZMPSTE24, ACTA1, ADGRG6, SLC5A7, KLHL41, FKBP10, NEK9, NALCN, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE , (...)

View the complete list with 37 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Neuromuscular Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RYR1, RYR2, BIN1, SCN4A, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCE, SGCG, TCAP, TNNI2, TNNT1, TPM2, TPM3, MYOT, TTN, VCP, VRK1, ACTA1, CAPN3 , (...)

View the complete list with 59 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Neuromuscular Disorders Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RYR1, BIN1, SCN4A, SGCA, SGCB, SGCD, SGCG, SNAP25, STIM1, SYT2, TCAP, TNNT1, TNXB, TPM2, TPM3, MYOT, TTN, VCP, ACTA1, RXYLT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 91 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SCN4A, SNAP25, SYT2, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE, COL13A1, COLQ, ALG2, DOK7, ALG14, DPAGT1, PREPL, AGRN, GFPT1, LRP4, MUSK, RAPSN
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SCN4A, SNAP25, SYT2, CHAT, CHRNA1, CHRNB1, CHRND, CHRNE, COL13A1, COLQ, ALG2, DOK7, ALG14, DPAGT1, PREPL, AGRN, GFPT1, LRP4, MUSK, RAPSN
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Myasthenic syndrome, congenital (sequence analysis of CHRNB1 gene).

By CGC Genetics (Portugal).

CHRNB1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %

We have 40 more panels available in our App

Get the app

Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Rare Disease Search Engine

If you liked this article maybe you will also find interesting the following in-depth articles about other rare diseases, like ADENYLOSUCCINASE DEFICIENCY; ADSLD HYPERTRICHOSIS UNIVERSALIS CONGENITA, AMBRAS TYPE; HTC1 ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN, HEREDITARY PERSISTENCE OF; HPAFP CARNEY COMPLEX VARIANT SPASTICITY, CHILDHOOD-ONSET, WITH HYPERGLYCINEMIA; SPAHGC WAISMAN SYNDROME; WSMN

Need help with a diagnosis?

Learn more about how to achieve it with Mendelian


Learn more