Multiple Congenital Anomalies-hypotonia-seizures Syndrome 1; Mcahs1

Description

Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by neonatal hypotonia, lack of psychomotor development, seizures, dysmorphic features, and variable congenital anomalies involving the cardiac, urinary, and gastrointestinal systems. Most affected individuals die before 3 years of age (summary by Maydan et al., 2011). The disorder is caused by a defect in glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis; see GPIBD1 (OMIM ). Genetic Heterogeneity of Multiple Congenital Anomalies-Hypotonia-Seizures SyndromeMCAHS2 (OMIM ) is caused by mutation in the PIGA gene (OMIM ) on chromosome Xp22, and MCAHS3 (OMIM ) is caused by mutation in the PIGT gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 20q13.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Multiple Congenital Anomalies-hypotonia-seizures Syndrome 1; Mcahs1

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Pica
  • Hypertelorism
  • Nystagmus
  • Micrognathia
  • Cleft palate
  • Abnormal facial shape
And another 74 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.
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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


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Multiple Congenital Anomalies-hypotonia-seizures Syndrome 1; Mcahs1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

UBE3A, ALPL, ADSL, PAX6, CPT2, ATP6V0A2, HSD17B10, HPRT1, ADGRV1, SHH, POLG, SLC25A19, PANK2, MECP2, LIAS, ABAT, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, SUCLA2 , (...)

View the complete list with 214 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation-Epileptic Encephalopathy.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

UBE3A, ADSL, SLC25A19, MECP2, LIAS, STXBP1, SLC25A22, ALG9, GLDC, AMT, SLC9A6, WWOX, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, PCDH19, SLC2A1, SYNGAP1, SCN1A, KCNJ11 , (...)

View the complete list with 47 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation - Syndromic Disorders.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

ATP6V0A2, HPRT1, ADGRV1, PANK2, RAI1, TSC2, SYNGAP1, SMC3, TSC1, NIPBL, PLA2G6, KCNA1, LGI1, KMT2D, MAGI2, KANSL1, ROGDI, PIGA, PIGN, PIGV , (...)

View the complete list with 11 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
CustomNext: Neuro.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, TUSC3, CTSD, SLC25A22, GRN, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A , (...)

View the complete list with 176 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Neurodevelopment-Expanded.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, TUSC3, CTSD, SLC25A22, GRN, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A , (...)

View the complete list with 176 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
IDNext.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, TUSC3, SLC25A22, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A, MAOA, ACSL4, SLC9A6, ABCD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 120 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Macrocephaly (NGS panel for 16 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

PTEN, ASPA, NSD1, GPC3, MLC1, PIGA, PIGN, GFAP, MED12, NFIX, EZH2, PIK3CA, DHCR24, PIK3R2, AKT3, HEPACAM
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %
Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome 1 (sequence analysis of PIGN gene).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

PIGN
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy and Seizure Plus Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

UBE3A, PTEN, ADSL, POLG, MECP2, LIAS, DHDDS, ABAT, SLC25A12, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, CTSD, SLC25A22, GCSH, GLDC, AMT, SLC9A6, ALDH5A1, ALDH7A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 202 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mental retardation - different panels.

By Institute of Human Genetics Cologne University in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, PC, ANKH, HLCS, ATP7A, AUH, B4GALT7, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, C12orf65, ADSL, MMACHC, PRKCG, PAX6 , (...)

View the complete list with 847 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
AllNeuro panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

F2, F5, FMR1, HTT, HFE, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, VHL, PTEN, AARS2, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 1185 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Multiple congenital anomalies-hypotonia-seizures syndrome 1.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

PIGN
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Macrocephaly Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

PTEN, GCDH, ASPA, NSD1, GPC3, MLC1, PIGA, PIGN, GFAP, MED12, NFIX, EZH2, PIK3CA, DHCR24, PIK3R2, AKT3, HEPACAM
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Macrocephaly Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

PTEN, GCDH, ASPA, NSD1, GPC3, MLC1, PIGA, PIGN, GFAP, MED12, NFIX, EZH2, PIK3CA, DHCR24, PIK3R2, AKT3, HEPACAM
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Invitae Epilepsy Panel.

By Invitae in United States.

UBE3A, ADSL, POLG, MECP2, LIAS, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, CTSD, SLC25A22, SLC9A6, ALDH5A1, ALDH7A1, TPP1, CLN3, WWOX, PNKD, SLC6A8, ARX, CDKL5 , (...)

View the complete list with 105 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Invitae Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel.

By Invitae in United States.

STXBP1, SLC25A22, ALDH7A1, WWOX, ARX, CDKL5, PCDH19, SLC2A1, SYNGAP1, SMC1A, SCN1A, GABRB3, SCN9A, SCN2A, SLC35A2, SLC6A1, FOLR1, GRIN2B, HCN1, KCNT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 29 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
PIGN.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

PIGN
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Epilepsy Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

HTT, MTHFR, UBE3A, ARG1, BTD, ADSL, AMACR, CPT2, PSAP, GLB1, PRODH, GNE, HSD17B10, POLG, NDUFS4, HSPD1, AFG3L2, FOXRED1, FH, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 263 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Macrocephaly , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 16 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

PTEN, ASPA, NSD1, GPC3, MLC1, PIGA, PIGN, GFAP, MED12, NFIX, EZH2, PIK3CA, DHCR24, PIK3R2, AKT3, HEPACAM
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %

Alternate names

Multiple Congenital Anomalies-hypotonia-seizures Syndrome 1; Mcahs1 Is also known as glycosylphosphatidylinositol biosynthesis defect 3;gpibd3;congenital disorder of glycosylation due to pign deficiency; pign-cdg.



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