Mental Retardation And Microcephaly With Pontine And Cerebellar Hypoplasia; Micpch

Description

Mental retardation and microcephaly with pontine and cerebellar hypoplasia (MICPCH) is an X-linked disorder affecting females and characterized by severe intellectual disability, microcephaly, and variable degrees of pontocerebellar hypoplasia. Affected individuals have very poor psychomotor development, often without independent ambulation or speech, and axial hypotonia with or without hypertonia. Some may have sensorineural hearing loss or eye anomalies. Dysmorphic features include overall poor growth, severe microcephaly (-3.5 to -10 SD), broad nasal bridge and tip, large ears, long philtrum, micrognathia, and hypertelorism (summary by Moog et al., 2011).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Mental Retardation And Microcephaly With Pontine And Cerebellar Hypoplasia; Micpch

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Microcephaly
  • Scoliosis
  • Growth delay
  • Hypertelorism

And another 46 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Mental Retardation And Microcephaly With Pontine And Cerebellar Hypoplasia; Micpch Is also known as micpch syndrome, mrxsna, mental retardation, x-linked, syndromic, najm type.

Researches and researchers

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Mental Retardation And Microcephaly With Pontine And Cerebellar Hypoplasia; Micpch Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN3A, SCN5A, SCN8A, SCN9A, SHH, ST3GAL3, ST3GAL5, STIL, SIX3, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC6A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS , (...)

View the complete list with 214 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation - Intellectual Disability.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SLC35A2, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SNAP25, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, CACNA2D1, PCDH19, ARHGEF9, DEAF1, CASK, ALG9, RAB39B, BCKDK, ARX, SPATA5 , (...)

View the complete list with 36 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Syndromic Autism Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SCN1A, SCN2A, BRAF, SLC2A1, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, CDKL5, STXBP1, TBR1, TCF4, MED12, TSC1, TSC2, UBE3A, HDAC8, CNTNAP2, FOXP2, CACNA1C, NSD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 63 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
NGS XLID Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TAF1, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, USP9X, ZMYM3, ZNF41, ZNF711 , (...)

View the complete list with 94 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
NGS Epilepsy/Seizure Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN5A, SCN8A, SCN9A, SHH, ST3GAL3, ST3GAL5, STIL, SIX3, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC9A6, SNAP25, SPTAN1, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYN1, SYNGAP1 , (...)

View the complete list with 124 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
CASK-related X-linked intellectual disability.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

CASK
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Brain Malformation Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

SHH, STIL, SIX3, SLC9A6, SOX2, CDKL5, TGIF1, MED12, CEP41, TUBA8, UBE3A, VLDLR, VRK1, ZIC2, ACTB, MRPS16, NSD1, RAB18, ACTG1, SLC25A19 , (...)

View the complete list with 86 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy/Seizure.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN8A, SCN9A, SLC2A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, BTD, SPTAN1, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYN1, TSC1, TSC2, UBE3A, CNTNAP2, CACNA1A, CACNB4, ARHGEF9 , (...)

View the complete list with 78 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

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