Mental Retardation With Language Impairment And With Or Without Autistic Features

Description

Mental retardation with language impairment and with or without autistic features is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by global developmental delay with moderate to severe speech delay that particularly affects expressive speech. Most patients have articulation defects, but frank verbal dyspraxia is not observed. Common dysmorphic features include broad forehead, downslanting palpebral fissures, short nose with broad tip, relative macrocephaly, frontal hair upsweep, and prominent digit pads. Gross motor skills are also delayed. Some patients have autistic features and/or behavioral problems. All reported cases have occurred de novo (review by Le Fevre et al., 2013).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Mental Retardation With Language Impairment And With Or Without Autistic Features

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Pica
  • Hypertelorism
  • Nystagmus
  • Strabismus
  • Failure to thrive
  • Delayed speech and language development
  • Downslanted palpebral fissures
And another 24 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.
Click here to know more about Mendelian.

Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


Mendelian

Accelerate your rare disease diagnosis with us

Learn more

Mental Retardation With Language Impairment And With Or Without Autistic Features Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Syndromic Autism Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, STXBP1, TUBA1A, AMT, SLC9A6, ALDH5A1, TMLHE, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, FOXG1, MEF2C , (...)

View the complete list with 63 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Mental Retardation With Language Impairment, With Or Without Autistic Features, FOXP1.

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc in United States.

FOXP1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders 53-Gene Panel.

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc in United States.

PTEN, MECP2, MEF2C, PCDH19, SYNGAP1, CACNA1H, GRIN2B, GRIN2A, KCNMA1, NRXN1, ANKRD11, CNTNAP2, SYN1, RAB39B, SHANK3, SHANK2, DIAPH3, PTCHD1, FOXP1, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 33 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Autsim Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ADSL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1 , (...)

View the complete list with 87 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Non-Specific Intellectual Disability Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, HSD17B10, OCRL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, IDH2, STXBP1, TUBA1A, TUSC3, ALG6, D2HGDH, PDHA1, MAOA, ACSL4, SLC9A6, BCOR, ALDH5A1, L2HGDH , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Autism/Intellectual Disability/Multiple Anomalies.

By Human Genetics Laboratory, Munroe-Meyer Institute University of Nebraska Medical Center in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MKKS, RAF1, MECP2, TUBA1A, SLC9A6, FGFR3, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, HRAS , (...)

View the complete list with 69 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
AutismNext.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, MECP2, SLC9A6, SLC6A8, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, RAI1, HDAC8, TSC2, RAD21, SYNGAP1, SMC3, SMC1A , (...)

View the complete list with 28 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
CustomNext: Neuro.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, TUSC3, CTSD, SLC25A22, GRN, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A , (...)

View the complete list with 176 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Neurodevelopment-Expanded.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, TUSC3, CTSD, SLC25A22, GRN, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A , (...)

View the complete list with 176 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
IDNext.

By Ambry Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ATP7A, OCRL, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, TUSC3, SLC25A22, OTC, PDHA1, TIMM8A, MAOA, ACSL4, SLC9A6, ABCD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 120 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Abnormalities of the Kidney and Urinary Tract (CAKUT) Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

EYA1, HNF1B, RET, PAX2, FGFR2, NIPBL, UMOD, SALL1, SIX5, SIX1, GATA3, MYH9, FOXP1, FAT4, GLI2, GLI3, SOX11, ACE, FREM1, BMP4 , (...)

View the complete list with 29 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders via FOXP1 Gene Sequencing with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

FOXP1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ADSL, MFRP, NDP, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, MAOA, SLC9A6, SGSH, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, DHCR7, FOXG1, KRAS , (...)

View the complete list with 87 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mental retardation - different panels.

By Institute of Human Genetics Cologne University in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, PC, ANKH, HLCS, ATP7A, AUH, B4GALT7, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, C12orf65, ADSL, MMACHC, PRKCG, PAX6 , (...)

View the complete list with 847 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mental Retardation and Dysmorphology - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, RECQL4, AGL, ATP7A, GAA, LRP5, SLC37A4, GNPTAB, GLB1, HSD17B10, OCRL, JAG1, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, RAF1, SMPD1, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 323 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Syndromal Diseases - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, RECQL4, AGL, ATP7A, GAA, LRP5, SLC37A4, GNPTAB, GLB1, HSD17B10, OCRL, JAG1, NDP, HPRT1, NHS, RAF1, SMPD1, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 322 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mental retardation with language impairment and autistic features.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

FOXP1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
AllNeuro panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

F2, F5, FMR1, HTT, HFE, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, VHL, PTEN, AARS2, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 1185 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders.

By Asper Biogene Asper Biogene LLC in Estonia.

UBE3A, ADSL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC6A8, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, FOXG1, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, HDAC8, TSC2, RAD21, SMC3 , (...)

View the complete list with 32 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Cardiovascular Diseases_General Panel.

By Health in Code in Spain.

HFE, TTR, AARS2, ACAD9, AGL, ACADVL, ATP5F1E, ATP7A, ATPAF2, B4GALT7, GAA, HNF1A, NEUROD1, PPARG, COL1A1, COL1A2, COL3A1, ELAC2, PSEN1, HNF1B , (...)

View the complete list with 360 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital heart diseases Panel.

By Health in Code in Spain.

ELN, EYA4, FOXC1, PITX2, JAG1, NPHP4, RAF1, BRAF, CHD7, CREBBP, HRAS, KRAS, MAP2K1, NRAS, PTPN11, SHOC2, SOS1, MAP2K2, CBL, NF1 , (...)

View the complete list with 56 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Rett, Syndrome.

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases in Spain.

UBE3A, MECP2, STXBP1, ALDH5A1, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, MEF2C, PLP1, SCN2A, KCNQ2, TCF4, SHANK3, NTNG1, FOXP2, FOXP1, BDNF, HERC2
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Mental Retardation with Language Impairment and Autistic Features: FOXP1 Full Gene Sequencing.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FOXP1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Mental Retardation with Language Impairment and Autistic Features: FOXP1 Gene Deletion/Duplication.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FOXP1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Tier 2 Panel.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, ADSL, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ALDH5A1, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11 , (...)

View the complete list with 42 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders: Tier 2 Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, SLC2A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 39 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Autism NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, TSC2 , (...)

View the complete list with 80 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Intellectual Disability NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

BRCA2, F5, FMR1, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, AGL, ACAT1, GYS2, ARG1, ATP7A, AUH, BCS1L, ADSL, FBLN5, LRP5, COL1A2 , (...)

View the complete list with 372 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
FOXP1.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

FOXP1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
KidneySeq - 264 Genes.

By Iowa Institute of Human Genetics University of Iowa in United States.

TTR, VHL, ATP7B, INVS, EYA1, SLC34A1, WT1, HNF1B, RET, INPP5E, CC2D2A, OCRL, JAG1, HPRT1, TMEM67, ARL6, NPHP3, NPHP1, MKKS, CEP290 , (...)

View the complete list with 232 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

PTEN, MECP2, GAMT, DHCR7, TSC2, TSC1, NSD1, SHANK3, PTCHD1, ADNP, FOXP1, CACNA1C, NLGN4X, NLGN3, RPL10, CC2D1A, POGZ, BCL11A, TRIP12, CTNND2 , (...)

View the complete list with 6 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Rapid microarray (CGH and SNP).

By Allele Diagnostics Allele Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, VHL, APC, PTEN, TP53, USH1C, ATP7A, FOXL2, HBB, EYA1, OCA2, WT1, PAX6, CHM, RB1, HNF1B, RET, ELN, OCRL , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
High-Resolution Rapid Microarray (CGH and SNP).

By Allele Diagnostics Allele Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, VHL, APC, PTEN, TP53, USH1C, ATP7A, FOXL2, HBB, EYA1, OCA2, WT1, PAX6, CHM, RB1, HNF1B, RET, ELN, OCRL , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
FoundationOne® Heme.

By Foundation Medicine, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RUNX1, TP53, PC, FOXL2, HNF1A, WT1, RB1, RET, TNFRSF11A, CPS1, SDHC , (...)

View the complete list with 385 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
NeoTYPE® Discovery Profile for Solid Tumors.

By NeoGenomics Laboratories NeoGenomics Laboratories, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RUNX1, TP53, FOXL2, HNF1A, WT1, RB1, RET, SDHC, RAF1, FH , (...)

View the complete list with 295 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Caris MI TumorSeek 592-Gene NGS Panel.

By Caris Life Sciences in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, FOXL2, HNF1A, PPARG, COL1A1, WT1, RB1, SDHAF2 , (...)

View the complete list with 571 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) and Related Disorders , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 46 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

TGFB1, CYBA, IL2RG, IKBKG, TINF2, CYBB, WAS, GATA3, FOXP1, FOXP3, DKC1, ABCB1, TERC, TERT, SH2D1A, NCF2, NCF4, WRAP53, NOD2, CD40LG , (...)

View the complete list with 25 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Rett Syndrome and Related Disorders , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 18 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

UBE3A, MECP2, STXBP1, ALDH5A1, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, MEF2C, PLP1, SCN2A, KCNQ2, TCF4, SHANK3, NTNG1, FOXP2, FOXP1, BDNF, HERC2
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders (Expanded Panel) , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 77 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, HPRT1, NHS, MECP2, SLC9A6, ARX, BRAF, CDKL5, CHD7, CREBBP, DHCR7, DMD, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, PTPN11, RAI1, TSC2 , (...)

View the complete list with 57 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Tempus xT assay.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, MTHFR, VHL, APC, EPCAM, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, ATP7B, FOXL2, HNF1A, WT1, RB1 , (...)

View the complete list with 571 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Tempus xO assay.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, EPCAM, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, ABCB11, ABCB4, FKBP10, FOXL2, HNF1A, PPARG , (...)

View the complete list with 1693 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %


If you liked this article maybe you will also find interesting the following in-depth articles about other rare diseases, like NEUROFIBROMATOSIS, TYPE I; NF1 MULTIPLE MITOCHONDRIAL DYSFUNCTIONS SYNDROME 3; MMDS3 DYSTONIA 9; DYT9 HEREDITARY ACROKERATOTIC POIKILODERMA, WEARY TYPE ACROCALLOSAL SYNDROME; ACLS

Need help with a diagnosis?

Learn more about how to achieve it with Mendelian


Learn more