Meckel Syndrome, Type 1; Mks1

Description

Meckel syndrome, also known as Meckel-Gruber syndrome, is a severe pleiotropic autosomal recessive developmental disorder caused by dysfunction of primary cilia during early embryogenesis. There is extensive clinical variability and controversy as to the minimum diagnostic criteria. Early reports, including that of Opitz and Howe (1969) and Wright et al. (1994), stated that the classic triad of Meckel syndrome comprises (1) cystic renal disease; (2) a central nervous system malformation, most commonly occipital encephalocele; and (3) polydactyly, most often postaxial. However, based on a study of 67 patients, Salonen (1984) concluded that the minimum diagnostic criteria are (1) cystic renal disease; (2) CNS malformation, and (3) hepatic abnormalities, including portal fibrosis or ductal proliferation. In a review of Meckel syndrome, Logan et al. (2011) stated that the classic triad first described by Meckel (1822) included occipital encephalocele, cystic kidneys, and fibrotic changes to the liver. Genetic Heterogeneity of Meckel SyndromeSee also MKS2 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TMEM216 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 11q12; MKS3 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TMEM67 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 8q; MKS4 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the CEP290 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 12q; MKS5 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the RPGRIP1L gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 16q12; MKS6 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the CC2D2A gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 4p15; MKS7 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the NPHP3 (OMIM ) gene on chromosome 3q22; MKS8 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TCTN2 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 12q24; MKS9 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the B9D1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 17p11; MKS10 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the B9D2 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 19q13; MKS11 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TMEM231 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 16q23; MKS12 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the KIF14 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 1q32; and MKS13 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TMEM107 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 17p13.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Meckel Syndrome, Type 1; Mks1

  • Microcephaly
  • Hypertelorism
  • Micrognathia
  • Cleft palate
  • Cryptorchidism
  • Low-set ears
  • Intrauterine growth retardation
  • Short neck
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Splenomegaly

And another 75 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

Click here to know more about Mendelian.

Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Meckel Syndrome, Type 1; Mks1 Is also known as mks, meckel-gruber syndrome, type 1, meckel syndrome, gruber syndrome, dysencephalia splanchnocystica, mes, meckel-gruber syndrome.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


Mendelian

Accelerate your rare disease diagnosis with us

Learn more

Meckel Syndrome, Type 1; Mks1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
MitoMetĀ®Plus aCGH Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RGS9, RHO, GRK1, RLBP1, RNASEL, BCS1L, RP1, RP2, RP9, RPE65, RPGR, RPL35A, MRPL3, RPS14, RS1, SAG, SARDH, SCO2, SCP2, SDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 612 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SDCCAG8, ARL6, TRIM32, IFT27, BBS7, TTC8, INPP5E, ADIPOR1, BBS10, BBS12, C8orf37, WDPCP, BBIP1, CCDC28B, TMEM67, CEP290, BBS9, KCNJ13, LZTFL1, MKKS , (...)

View the complete list with 6 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Ciliopathies.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPE65, RPGR, SDCCAG8, TSC1, TSC2, CEP41, TULP1, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, VHL, ZIC3, NEK8, RPGRIP1, CDH23, TMEM237, PCDH15, USH1G, WHRN, TRIM32 , (...)

View the complete list with 73 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Brain Malformation Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

SHH, STIL, SIX3, SLC9A6, SOX2, CDKL5, TGIF1, MED12, CEP41, TUBA8, UBE3A, VLDLR, VRK1, ZIC2, ACTB, MRPS16, NSD1, RAB18, ACTG1, SLC25A19 , (...)

View the complete list with 86 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Joubert Syndrome.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

CEP41, TMEM237, INPP5E, AHI1, B9D1, TMEM216, ARL13B, TTC21B, OFD1, TCTN2, CPLANE1, TCTN1, TMEM138, TMEM67, B9D2, CEP290, RPGRIP1L, CC2D2A, KIF7, MKS1 , (...)

View the complete list with 2 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Liver Diseases Deletion/duplication panel.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

SLC25A13, SLC27A5, SMPD1, HNF1A, HNF1B, TJP2, UGT1A1, ABCG5, ABCG8, NPC2, INVS, CFTR, NPHP4, PEX26, TMEM216, CTRC, TRMU, DGUOK, DHCR7, CC2D2A , (...)

View the complete list with 24 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Liver Diseases Panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS).

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

SCP2, SLC10A1, SLC10A2, SLC25A13, SLC27A5, SMPD1, HNF1A, HNF1B, TJP2, UGT1A1, VPS33B, NEUROG3, ABCG5, ABCG8, NPC2, INVS, DCDC2, HSD3B7, CFTR, NPHP4 , (...)

View the complete list with 52 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SDCCAG8, ARL6, TRIM32, BBS7, TTC8, IFT74, BBS10, BBS12, WDPCP, CEP290, BBS9, IFT172, MKKS, MKS1, BBS1, BBS2, BBS4, BBS5
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %

We have 112 more panels available in our App

Get the app

Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Genetic Syndrome Finder

If you liked this article maybe you will also find interesting the following in-depth articles about other rare diseases, like SIFRIM-HITZ-WEISS SYNDROME; SIHIWES PREMATURE OVARIAN FAILURE 11; POF11 THROMBOCYTOPENIA WITH BETA-THALASSEMIA, X-LINKED; XLTT SPINOCEREBELLAR ATAXIA 27; SCA27 WHIM SYNDROME; WHIMS

Need help with a diagnosis?

Learn more about how to achieve it with Mendelian


Learn more