Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency

Description

Deficiency of lysosomal acid lipase causes 2 distinct phenotypes in humans: Wolman disease and cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD). Wolman disease is an early-onset fulminant disorder of infancy with massive infiltration of the liver, spleen, and other organs by macrophages filled with cholesteryl esters and triglycerides. Death occurs early in life. Wolman disease is very rare, with an incidence of less than one in 100,000 live births. CESD is a milder, later-onset disorder with primary hepatic involvement by macrophages engorged with cholesteryl esters. This slowly progressive visceral disease has a very wide spectrum of involvement ranging from early onset with severe cirrhosis to later onset of more slowly progressive hepatic disease with survival into adulthood (summary by Du et al., 2001).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency

  • Short stature
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Failure to thrive
  • Anemia
  • Hypertension
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Fever
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Splenomegaly

And another 36 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency Is also known as lal deficiency, cholesterol ester hydrolase deficiency, cholesteryl ester storage disease, lipa deficiency, cesd.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Lysosomal Acid Lipase Deficiency Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
LIPA Sequence Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

LIPA
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
LIPA Sequence Analysis (Familial Mutation/Variant Analysis).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

LIPA
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
LIPA Sequence Analysis (Prenatal Diagnosis).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

LIPA
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Non-immune Hydrops Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RIT1, RPL11, RPL35A, RPL5, RPS10, RPS17, RPS19, RPS24, RPS26, SEC23B, SLC17A5, BRAF, SMPD1, SOS1, SOS2, SOX18, UROS, CBL, SHOC2, ALG9 , (...)

View the complete list with 66 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Lysosomal Storage Disease Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SGSH, SLC17A5, SMPD1, TCF4, MCOLN1, NPC2, ADAMTSL2, DNAJC5, SUMF1, TPP1, CLN3, CLN5, CLN6, CLN8, DYM, ANTXR2, COL11A2, PEX26, GNE, CTNS , (...)

View the complete list with 54 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Liver Diseases Deletion/duplication panel.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

SLC25A13, SLC27A5, SMPD1, HNF1A, HNF1B, TJP2, UGT1A1, ABCG5, ABCG8, NPC2, INVS, CFTR, NPHP4, PEX26, TMEM216, CTRC, TRMU, DGUOK, DHCR7, CC2D2A , (...)

View the complete list with 24 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Liver Diseases Panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS).

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

SCP2, SLC10A1, SLC10A2, SLC25A13, SLC27A5, SMPD1, HNF1A, HNF1B, TJP2, UGT1A1, VPS33B, NEUROG3, ABCG5, ABCG8, NPC2, INVS, DCDC2, HSD3B7, CFTR, NPHP4 , (...)

View the complete list with 52 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Lysosomal Storage Disease Panel.

By Molecular Genetics Laboratory Centro de Investigaciones Endocrinologicas "Dr. Cesar Bergada" (Argentina).

SGSH, SLC17A5, SMPD1, MCOLN1, NPC2, DNAJC5, SUMF1, TPP1, CLN3, CLN5, CLN6, CLN8, GNPTG, CTNS, CTSD, CTSK, HGSNAT, MFSD8, GNPTAB, AGA , (...)

View the complete list with 30 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

ORPHANET OMIM Genetic Syndrome Finder

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