Keratoconus 1; Ktcn1

Description

Keratoconus, the most common corneal dystrophy, is a bilateral, noninflammatory progressive corneal ectasia. Clinically, the cornea becomes progressively thin and conical, resulting in myopia, irregular astigmatism, and corneal scarring. The disease usually arises in the teenage years, eventually stabilizing in the third and fourth decades. The incidence of keratoconus is 1 in 2,000 in the general population; it occurs with no ethnic or gender preponderance, and causes significant visual impairment in young adults. No specific treatment exists except to replace the corneal tissue by surgery (corneal transplantation) when visual acuity can no longer be corrected by contact lenses (summary by Dash et al., 2006).Ihalainen (1986) reviewed various conditions with which keratoconus is at times associated. Keratoconus is frequent in cases of amaurosis congenita of Leber (OMIM ). Genetic Heterogeneity of KeratoconusAlso see KTCN2 (OMIM ), mapped to 16q22.3-q23.1; KTCN3 (OMIM ), mapped to 3p14-q13; KTCN4 (OMIM ), mapped to 2p24; KTCN5 (OMIM ), mapped to 5q14.1-q21.3; KTCN6 (OMIM ), mapped to 9q34; KTCN7 (OMIM ), mapped to 13q32; KTCN8 (OMIM ), mapped to 14q24; and KTCN9 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the TUBA3D gene (OMIM ) on 2q21.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Keratoconus 1; Ktcn1

  • Visual impairment
  • Myopia
  • Edema
  • Scarring
  • Astigmatism
  • Corneal dystrophy
  • Eosinophilia
  • Keratoconus
  • Allergy
  • Corneal scarring

And another 1 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Keratoconus 1; Ktcn1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
MitoMetĀ®Plus aCGH Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RGS9, RHO, GRK1, RLBP1, RNASEL, BCS1L, RP1, RP2, RP9, RPE65, RPGR, RPL35A, MRPL3, RPS14, RS1, SAG, SARDH, SCO2, SCP2, SDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 612 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
VSX1. Complete sequencing.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica (Spain).

VSX1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Keratoconus type 1 (sequence analysis of VSX1 gene).

By CGC Genetics (Portugal).

VSX1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Ocular anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis (NGS panel of 18 genes).

By CGC Genetics (Portugal).

BMP4, VSX1, PXDN, B3GLCT, COL4A1, CYP1B1, MIR184, SLC38A8, FGFR2, FOXC1, FOXE3, HMX1, JAG1, ASPH, PAX6, PITX2, PITX3, PTCH1
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Ocular anterior segment mesenchymal dysgenesis (NGS panel of 18 genes).

By CGC Genetics (Portugal).

BMP4, VSX1, PXDN, B3GLCT, COL4A1, CYP1B1, MIR184, SLC38A8, FGFR2, FOXC1, FOXE3, HMX1, JAG1, ASPH, PAX6, PITX2, PITX3, PTCH1
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Corneal Dystrophies Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics (United States).

TACSTD2, TCF4, ZEB1, TGFBI, VSX1, OVOL2, SLC4A11, COL8A2, CYP4V2, ZNF469, PIKFYVE, AGBL1, LOXHD1, DCN, CHRDL1, UBIAD1, FOXE3, GJA8, GSN, KERA , (...)

View the complete list with 6 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Keratoconus and Posterior Polymorphous Corneal Dystrophy via VSX1 Gene Sequencing with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics (United States).

VSX1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Keratoconus and related disorders Comprehensive test.

By Connective Tissue Gene Tests (United States).

VSX1, ZNF469, MIR184, PRDM5
Specificity
25 %
Genes
100 %

We have 16 more panels available in our App

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

MESH ORPHANET OMIM Rare Disease Symptoms Checker

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