Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency; Gssd

Description

Glutathione synthetase deficiency, or 5-oxoprolinuria, is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized, in its severe form, by massive urinary excretion of 5-oxoproline, metabolic acidosis, hemolytic anemia, and central nervous system damage. The metabolic defect results in decreased levels of cellular glutathione, which overstimulates the synthesis of gamma-glutamylcysteine and its subsequent conversion to 5-oxoproline (Larsson and Anderson, 2001).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency; Gssd

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Ataxia
  • Anemia
  • Dysarthria
  • Tremor
  • Acidosis
  • Hemolytic anemia
  • Metabolic acidosis
  • Neutropenia
And another 14 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.
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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


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Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency; Gssd Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Red Blood Cell Enzymopathies Panel by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS).

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in United States.

ALDOA, GPX1, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, HK1, PFKM, G6PD, PKLR, PGK1, GCLC, GSR, TPI1, GSS
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Hemolytic Anemia Panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS).

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in United States.

ALDOA, ALAS2, GPX1, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, HK1, PFKM, SLC2A1, G6PD, COL4A1, PIEZO1, KIF23, GATA1, KLF1, PKLR, CDAN1, SEC23B, PGK1, ABCG5 , (...)

View the complete list with 18 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
GSS Sequencing.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in United States.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
GSS Deletion/duplication analysis.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in United States.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Hemolytic Anemia Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in United States.

ALDOA, GPX1, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, HK1, PFKM, SLC2A1, G6PD, PIEZO1, KIF23, GATA1, KLF1, PKLR, CDAN1, SEC23B, PGK1, ABCG5, ABCG8, SLC4A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 14 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Red Blood Cell Enzymopathies Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in United States.

ALDOA, GPX1, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, HK1, PFKM, G6PD, PKLR, PGK1, GCLC, GSR, TPI1, GSS
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Ataxia Exome Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago in United States.

FMR1, TTR, UBE3A, AARS2, ABHD12, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, HLCS, BTD, ATP7B, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, TWNK, C12orf65, ADSL, PRKCG , (...)

View the complete list with 460 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia Sequencing, 28 Genes.

By ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics in United States.

ALDOA, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, CYB5R3, HK1, PFKM, ADA, G6PD, UGT1A1, PIEZO1, PKLR, PGK1, SLC4A1, EPB41, SPTB, SPTA1, ANK1, EPB42, GCLC , (...)

View the complete list with 8 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
GSS. Complete sequencing.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica in Spain.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency (sequence analysis of GSS gene).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
RBC Enzymopathies (NGS panel of 14 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

ALDOA, GPX1, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, HK1, PFKM, G6PD, PKLR, PGK1, GCLC, GSR, TPI1, GSS
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency via GSS Gene Sequencing with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Mental retardation - different panels.

By Institute of Human Genetics Cologne University in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, PC, ANKH, HLCS, ATP7A, AUH, B4GALT7, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, C12orf65, ADSL, MMACHC, PRKCG, PAX6 , (...)

View the complete list with 847 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
CentoICU platinum plus.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

BRCA2, F2, F5, MTHFR, UBE3A, MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1, ALDOA, ALDOB, FBP1, PC, GYS2 , (...)

View the complete list with 494 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
CentoICU platinum.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

BRCA2, F2, F5, MTHFR, UBE3A, MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1, ALDOA, ALDOB, FBP1, PC, GYS2 , (...)

View the complete list with 494 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Glutathione synthetase deficiency.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Single gene testing GSS.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
GSS - Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency.

By Centre for Inherited Metabolic Diseases Karolinska University Hospital in Sweden.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
NGS Panel for Hereditary hemolytic anemia including membranopathies (spherocytosis, elliptocytosis, xerocytosis, stomatocytosis, pyropoikylocytosis) and enzymopathies.

By BLOODGENETICS BLOODGENETICS in Spain.

ALDOA, ABCB6, GPX1, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, CYB5R3, HK1, PFKM, ADA, SLC2A1, G6PD, UGT1A1, PIEZO1, PKLR, PGK1, ABCG5, ABCG8, SLC4A1, GYPC , (...)

View the complete list with 13 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
GSS.

By Division Human Genetics Medical University Innsbruck in Austria.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Invitae Organic Acidemias Panel.

By Invitae in United States.

MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAT1, FBP1, HLCS, BTD, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, MMACHC, HSD17B10, POLG, OPA3, ACSF3, TMEM70, HMGCL, IDH2, SUCLA2, ACAD8, DNAJC19 , (...)

View the complete list with 29 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Invitae Metabolic Disorders Newborn Screening Confirmation Panel.

By Invitae in United States.

MCCC1, MCCC2, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, ACAT1, PC, ARG1, HLCS, BTD, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, GAA, MMACHC, MTR, MTRR, CPS1, CPT2, PRODH , (...)

View the complete list with 70 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Glutathione synthetase deficiency: GSS gene sequence analysis.

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases in Spain.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Hemolytic Anemia Comprehensive Sequencing, Varies.

By Mayo Clinic Genetic Testing Laboratories Mayo Clinic in United States.

ALDOA, HBB, GPI, AK1, NT5C3A, HK1, PFKM, FANCC, RPS19, SLC2A1, G6PD, UGT1A1, PIEZO1, KIF23, GATA1, KLF1, PKLR, CDAN1, SEC23B, PGK1 , (...)

View the complete list with 20 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency (GSS).

By Integrated Genetics Westborough Integrated Genetics in United States.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Inheritest NGS, Comprehensive.

By Integrated Genetics Westborough Integrated Genetics in United States.

FMR1, ACADM, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1, ALDOB, ALPL, HLCS, ATP7B, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, GAA, HBB, MMACHC, SLC37A4, HSD17B4, CPS1, CPT2, GNPTAB , (...)

View the complete list with 120 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Intellectual Disability NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

BRCA2, F5, FMR1, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, AGL, ACAT1, GYS2, ARG1, ATP7A, AUH, BCS1L, ADSL, FBLN5, LRP5, COL1A2 , (...)

View the complete list with 372 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
GSS.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Ataxia Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

FMR1, ABHD12, TWNK, PRKCG, PAX6, INPP5E, OPA1, WFS1, CC2D2A, ELOVL4, TMEM67, ARL6, NPHP1, MKKS, CEP290, TTC8, TRIM32, POLG, NDUFS4, AFG3L2 , (...)

View the complete list with 137 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Hematology Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

BRCA1, BRCA2, F2, F5, HFE, EPCAM, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, YARS2, PC, HBB, TYRP1, OCA2, AMN, SLC45A2 , (...)

View the complete list with 219 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Anemia Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

BRCA2, HFE, YARS2, PC, HBB, AMN, MTR, CLCN7, ALAS2, GPI, RPL35A, PUS1, PDHA1, ABCB7, TCN2, NT5C3A, CUBN, CYB5R3, SLC25A38, PDHX , (...)

View the complete list with 58 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Glutathione synthetase deficiency.

By Bioarray in Spain.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Glutahione Synthetase Deficiency , Sequencing GSS Gene.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

GSS
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %

Alternate names

Glutathione Synthetase Deficiency; Gssd Is also known as 5-oxoprolinuria, pyroglutamic aciduria;.



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