Gaucher Disease, Type I

Description

Gaucher disease is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder due to deficient activity of beta-glucocerebrosidase. As a result of this deficiency, there is intracellular accumulation of glucosylceramide (GlcCer, glucosylcerebroside) primarily within cells of mononuclear phagocyte origin, which are the characteristic 'Gaucher cells' identified in most tissues (Jmoudiak and Futerman, 2005).Gaucher disease is classically categorized phenotypically into 3 main subtypes: nonneuronopathic type I, acute neuronopathic type II (OMIM ), and subacute neuronopathic type III (OMIM ). Type I is the most common form of Gaucher disease and lacks primary central nervous system involvement. Types II and III have central nervous system involvement and neurologic manifestations (Knudson and Kaplan, 1962; Jmoudiak and Futerman, 2005).All 3 forms of Gaucher disease are caused by mutation in the GBA gene. There are 2 additional phenotypes which may be distinguished: perinatal lethal Gaucher disease (OMIM ), which is a severe form of type II, and Gaucher disease type IIIC (OMIM ), which also has cardiovascular calcifications.See also {610539} for a form of atypical Gaucher disease caused by mutation in the gene encoding saposin C (PSAP ), which is an activator of beta-glucosidase.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Gaucher Disease, Type I

  • Seizures
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Ataxia
  • Failure to thrive
  • Strabismus
  • Pain
  • Spasticity
  • Anemia
  • Feeding difficulties
  • Hypertension

And another 58 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Gaucher Disease, Type I Is also known as gd i, glucocerebrosidase deficiency, acid beta-glucosidase deficiency, gba deficiency, gaucher disease, noncerebral juvenile.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Gaucher Disease, Type I Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Ashkenazic Genetic Disease Screen (with Cystic Fibrosis).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

SMPD1, FANCC, GBA, ELP1, ASPA
Specificity
20 %
Genes
100 %
Ashkenazic Genetic Disease Screen (without Cystic Fibrosis).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

SMPD1, FANCC, GBA, ELP1, ASPA
Specificity
20 %
Genes
100 %
Gaucher Disease Ashkenazic Mutation Panel.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

GBA
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Complete Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RMRP, BCS1L, SACS, BLM, SGCA, SGCB, SGCG, SGSH, SLC12A6, SLC17A5, SLC22A5, SLC25A13, SLC25A15, SLC26A2, SLC35A3, SLC7A7, SMN1, SMPD1, BTD, BTK , (...)

View the complete list with 139 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Complete Panel Version 2 (Male).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RMRP, BCS1L, SACS, BLM, SGCA, SGCB, SGCG, SGSH, SLC12A6, SLC17A5, SLC22A5, SLC25A13, SLC25A15, SLC26A2, SLC35A3, SLC7A7, SMN1, SMPD1, BTD, TGM1 , (...)

View the complete list with 129 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Ashkenazi Jewish Panel Version 2 (Female).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

BLM, SLC35A3, SMN1, SMPD1, CLRN1, MCOLN1, PCDH15, RTEL1, CFTR, SUMF1, DHDDS, ADAMTS2, COL4A3, CPT2, TMEM216, DHCR7, DLD, DMD, FAH, FANCC , (...)

View the complete list with 19 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware ACMG/ACOG Panel Version 2 (Male).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

BLM, SMN1, SMPD1, MCOLN1, CFTR, FANCC, GBA, HBA1, HBA2, HBB, HEXA, ELP1, ASPA
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
GeneAware Ashkenazi Jewish Panel Version 2 (Male).

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

BLM, SLC35A3, SMN1, SMPD1, CLRN1, MCOLN1, PCDH15, RTEL1, CFTR, SUMF1, DHDDS, ADAMTS2, COL4A3, CPT2, TMEM216, DHCR7, DLD, FAH, FANCC, FKTN , (...)

View the complete list with 17 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Rare Disease Search Engine

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