Esophageal Cancer

Description

Esophageal cancer, particularly esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), is one of the most common cancers worldwide. Both environmental and genetic risk factors play a role in the pathogenesis of the disorder. In Europe and North America, heavy smoking, alcohol consumption, and increased body mass index (BMI) are the main environmental risk factors. In contrast, the particularly high incidence of ESCC in some areas of China, central Asia, and southern Africa is associated with nutritional deficiencies, high intake of nitrosamine-rich or pickled vegetables, and low socioeconomic status; smoking, alcohol consumption, and BMI play a lesser role in these populations. There is a tendency for familial aggregation of ESCC in high-risk geographic areas, suggesting a genetic component to increased susceptibility. Gastric cardia adenocarcinoma is another common type of cancer in China that shows similarities to ESCC in terms of geographic distribution and environmental risk factors (summary by Wang et al., 2010 and Abnet et al., 2010). Genetic Heterogeneity of Susceptibility to Esophageal CancerSee a variant in the ADH1B gene ({103720.0001}) for discussion of a possible genetic association with protection against squamous cell aerodigestive tract cancer, including esophageal cancer, in alcohol drinkers. See a variant in the ALDH2 gene ({100650.0001}) for discussion of a possible genetic association with increased risk for esophageal cancer in alcohol drinkers due to interaction between variants in the ADH1B and ALDH2 genes.See the S100A14 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 1q21 for a discussion of a possible association between variation in that gene and susceptibility to esophageal squamous cell carcinoma among smokers. Genetic Heterogeneity of Somatic Mutations in Esophageal CancerSomatic mutations in several different genes have been found in esophageal cancer tissue. These genes include TP53 (OMIM ), CDKN2A (OMIM ), DEC1 (OMIM ), DCC (OMIM ), DLEC1 (OMIM ), TGFBR2 (OMIM ), LZTS1 (OMIM ), RNF6 (OMIM ), WWOX (OMIM ), APC (OMIM ), and RUNX3 (OMIM ).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Esophageal Cancer

  • Neoplasm
  • Dysphagia
  • Obesity
  • Weight loss
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Carcinoma
  • Cough
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Chest pain
  • Abnormal intestine morphology

And another 9 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Based on the latest data available ESOPHAGEAL CANCER have a estimated incidence of 7 per 100k in Europe.
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Esophageal Cancer Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
MitoMetĀ®Plus aCGH Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RGS9, RHO, GRK1, RLBP1, RNASEL, BCS1L, RP1, RP2, RP9, RPE65, RPGR, RPL35A, MRPL3, RPS14, RS1, SAG, SARDH, SCO2, SCP2, SDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 612 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
15 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN3A, SCN5A, SCN8A, SCN9A, SHH, ST3GAL3, ST3GAL5, STIL, SIX3, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC6A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS , (...)

View the complete list with 214 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
15 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation-Epileptic Encephalopathy.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN8A, SCN9A, ST3GAL5, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC9A6, SIK1, SPTAN1, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYNGAP1, TCF4, TREX1, UBE3A, WWOX, CNTNAP2, CACNA2D1 , (...)

View the complete list with 47 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
15 %
Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SCN1A, SCN2A, SCN8A, ST3GAL3, ST3GAL5, SLC2A1, SPTAN1, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYNGAP1, WWOX, CACNA2D2, PCDH19, ARHGEF9, CASK, ARFGEF2, PLCB1, EFHC1, ARX, KCNT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 25 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
15 %
Microcephaly Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

STIL, SLC2A1, SLC9A6, PLK4, CDKL5, TCF4, UBE3A, WWOX, RAB18, CRIPT, SLC25A19, ZEB2, CASK, TSEN34, ZNF335, ARFGEF2, PCNT, TBC1D20, TUBGCP4, STAMBP , (...)

View the complete list with 50 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
15 %
Microcephaly Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

STIL, SLC1A4, SLC2A1, SLC9A6, SOX11, PLK4, CDKL5, TCF4, UBE3A, USP18, WWOX, RAB18, CRIPT, SLC25A19, ZEB2, NIN, PPP1R15B, CASK, TSEN34, ZNF335 , (...)

View the complete list with 59 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
15 %
Ataxia Exome Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

BCS1L, RTN2, SACS, SCN1A, SCN2A, SCN8A, SCO1, SDHA, SDHD, SLC16A2, SLC17A5, SLC19A2, SLC1A3, SLC20A2, SLC2A1, SLC6A1, SLC9A1, SLC9A6, SNAP25, SOD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 457 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
15 %
CHOP Epilepsy Panel.

By Division of Genomic Diagnostics The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN8A, ST3GAL3, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC6A1, SLC6A8, SPTAN1, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYN1, SYNGAP1, TSC1, TSC2, UBE3A, WWOX, SLC12A5, CACNA1A , (...)

View the complete list with 64 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
15 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

ORPHANET OMIM Rare Disease Search Engine

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