Cyclic Neutropenia

Description

Severe congenital neutropenia is a heterogeneous disorder of hematopoiesis characterized by a maturation arrest of granulopoiesis at the level of promyelocytes with peripheral blood absolute neutrophil counts below 0.5 x 10(9)/l and early onset of severe bacterial infections (Skokowa et al., 2007). About 60% of affected individuals of European and Middle Eastern ancestry have dominant ELANE mutations, resulting in a form of severe congenital neutropenia, which is designated here as SCN1. Genetic Heterogeneity of Severe Congenital NeutropeniaSevere congenital neutropenia is a genetically heterogeneous disorder showing autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, and X-linked inheritance. Another autosomal dominant form, SCN2 (OMIM ), is caused by mutation in the protooncogene GFI1 (OMIM ) on 1p22. Autosomal recessive forms include SCN3 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the HAX1 gene (OMIM ) on 1q21; SCN4 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the G6PC3 gene (OMIM ) on 17q21; SCN5 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the VPS45 gene (OMIM ) on 1q21; SCN6 (OMIM ), caused by mutation in the JAGN1 gene (OMIM ) on 3p25; and SCN7 (OMIM ) is caused by mutation in the CSF3R gene (OMIM ) on 1p34. X-linked SCN (SCNX ) is caused by mutation in the WAS gene (OMIM ) on Xp11.See also adult chronic idiopathic nonimmune neutropenia (OMIM ) and chronic benign familial neutropenia (OMIM ). Susceptibility to Myelodysplastic Syndrome/Acute Myeloid LeukemiaSCN patients with acquired mutations in the granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor (CSF3R ) in hematopoietic cells define a group with high risk for progression to myelodysplastic syndrome and/or acute myeloid leukemia. Approximately 80% of SCN patients who develop AML are heterozygous for somatic CSF3R mutations (summary by Klimiankou et al., 2016).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Cyclic Neutropenia

  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Recurrent respiratory infections
  • Abdominal pain
  • Leukemia
  • Carious teeth
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Neutropenia
  • Sepsis

And another 19 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Based on the latest data available CYCLIC NEUTROPENIA have a estimated prevalence of 0.1 per 100k worldwide.
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Cyclic Neutropenia Is also known as cyclic hematopoiesis.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Cyclic Neutropenia Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
ELA2 (ELANE) Sequencing.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

ELANE
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes Panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS).

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

RMRP, RPL11, RPL15, RPL26, RPL35A, RPL5, RPS10, RPS17, RPS19, RPS24, RPS26, RPS7, BRCA2, SRP72, TAZ, TERC, TERT, TINF2, WAS, WIPF1 , (...)

View the complete list with 40 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Inherited Neutropenia panel by next-generation sequencing (NGS).

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

TAZ, WAS, WIPF1, VPS45, HAX1, SBDS, LYST, VPS13B, CSF3R, G6PC3, CXCR4, USB1, LAMTOR2, ELANE, SLC37A4, GATA1, GATA2, GFI1, AP3B1, RAB27A , (...)

View the complete list with 1 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Bone Marrow Failure Syndromes Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

RMRP, RPL11, RPL26, RPL35A, RPL5, RPS10, RPS19, RPS24, RPS26, RPS7, BRCA2, SRP72, TAZ, TERC, TERT, TINF2, WAS, WIPF1, NHP2, NOP10 , (...)

View the complete list with 36 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Inherited Neutropenia Deletion/Duplication Panel.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

TAZ, WAS, WIPF1, VPS45, HAX1, LYST, VPS13B, CSF3R, G6PC3, CXCR4, USB1, LAMTOR2, ELANE, SLC37A4, GATA1, GATA2, GFI1, AP3B1, RAB27A, RAC2
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
ELA2 (ELANE) Deletion/duplication analysis.

By Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center (United States).

ELANE
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Inherited Bone Marrow Failure Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RPL11, RPL15, RPL26, RPL35A, RPL5, RPS10, RPS19, RPS24, RPS26, RPS7, RUNX1, BRCA2, SRP72, TERC, TERT, TINF2, WAS, XRCC2, SAMD9, SAMD9L , (...)

View the complete list with 41 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Severe Congenital Neutropenia Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

WAS, VPS45, HAX1, CSF3R, G6PC3, CXCR4, ELANE, GFI1
Specificity
13 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM ORPHANET Rare Disease Symptoms Checker

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