Congenital Cataracts, Hearing Loss, And Neurodegeneration; Cchlnd

Description

Congenital cataracts, hearing loss, and neurodegeneration (CCHLND) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, severe psychomotor retardation, and hearing loss associated with decreased serum ceruloplasmin and copper. Brain MRI shows cerebral and cerebellar atrophy and hypomyelination (summary by Huppke et al., 2012).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Congenital Cataracts, Hearing Loss, And Neurodegeneration; Cchlnd

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Nystagmus
  • Motor delay
  • Cataract
  • Cerebellar atrophy
  • Cerebral atrophy
  • Absent speech
And another 8 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.
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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


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Congenital Cataracts, Hearing Loss, And Neurodegeneration; Cchlnd Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
HSP, Supplemental Dominant Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

HSPD1, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2
Specificity
17 %
Genes
100 %
HSP, Comprehensive Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

HSPD1, REEP1, SPG7, PLP1, SACS, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, PNPLA6, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1 , (...)

View the complete list with 4 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
HSP, Supplemental Sporadic Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

HSPD1, REEP1, PLP1, SACS, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, PNPLA6, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1, FA2H, SPART , (...)

View the complete list with 2 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
HSP, Complete Dominant Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc in United States.

HSPD1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2
Specificity
10 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center in United States.

C12orf65, TUBB3, HSPD1, OPA3, MECP2, ALDH18A1, REEP1, SPG7, ABCD1, ACOX1, FARS2, GJC2, PLP1, SLC2A1, SACS, PLA2G6, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST , (...)

View the complete list with 59 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Exome Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago in United States.

C12orf65, HSPD1, ALDH18A1, REEP1, SPG7, ABCD1, FARS2, GJC2, PLP1, SLC2A1, SACS, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2 , (...)

View the complete list with 36 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Ataxia Exome Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago in United States.

FMR1, TTR, UBE3A, AARS2, ABHD12, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, HLCS, BTD, ATP7B, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, TWNK, C12orf65, ADSL, PRKCG , (...)

View the complete list with 460 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Spastic Paraplegia 42 (sequence analysis of SLC33A1 gene).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

SLC33A1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary spastic paraplegia AR, X-linked (NGS panel for 33 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

C12orf65, SPG7, GJC2, PLP1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, L1CAM, SLC33A1, PNPLA6, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1, FA2H, SPART, SPG21, TFG, ENTPD1, NT5C2, C19orf12, B4GALNT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 13 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary spastic paraplegia AD (NGS panel for 10 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

HSPD1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, ZFYVE27
Specificity
10 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (NGS panel for 43 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

C12orf65, HSPD1, REEP1, SPG7, GJC2, PLP1, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, PNPLA6, KIF1A, CYP7B1 , (...)

View the complete list with 23 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Cataracts Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

EYA1, PAX6, PITX3, NHS, CRYAB, AGK, FYCO1, GJA3, GALK1, SLC33A1, SIL1, MAF, FOXE3, CTDP1, CRYBA4, FAM126A, GJA8, GCNT2, CRYBB1, CRYBB3 , (...)

View the complete list with 20 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Pure Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

HSPD1, REEP1, SPG7, FARS2, PLP1, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, WASHC5, RTN2, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1, BICD2, ERLIN1, REEP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 9 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Comprehensive Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

C12orf65, HSPD1, VCP, ALDH18A1, REEP1, SPG7, GAD1, ABCD1, FARS2, GJC2, PLP1, SACS, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 60 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Mental retardation - different panels.

By Institute of Human Genetics Cologne University in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, PC, ANKH, HLCS, ATP7A, AUH, B4GALT7, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, C12orf65, ADSL, MMACHC, PRKCG, PAX6 , (...)

View the complete list with 847 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Cataract.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

EYA1, COL2A1, PAX6, ABCB6, WFS1, FOXC1, PITX2, NHS, CRYAB, OPA3, FYCO1, GJA3, GALK1, CYP27A1, SIX6, GLA, SLC33A1, SIL1, COL4A1, RAB3GAP1 , (...)

View the complete list with 45 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Eye Diseases - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

C12orf65, FOXL2, RAX, TYRP1, EYA1, LRP5, COL2A1, COL3A1, OCA2, VSX1, SLC45A2, PAX6, ZEB1, TGFBI, TUBB3, TYR, GPR143, OPA1, ABCB6, WFS1 , (...)

View the complete list with 147 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Neurogenetic Disorders - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, AARS2, ABHD12, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, ARG1, UQCRB, ATP5F1E, ATP7B, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA , (...)

View the complete list with 577 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy and Mitochondrial Encephalopathy.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

UBE3A, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, SDHAF2, OPA1, TRMU, WFS1, POLG, NDUFS4, SLC25A19, SLC25A4, FOXRED1, RRM2B, NDUFAF2, SDHC, PANK2, MECP2, MTO1 , (...)

View the complete list with 166 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mitochondrial Diseases.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

AARS2, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, ATP5F1E, ATPAF2, AUH, BCS1L, TWNK, C12orf65, SDHAF2, CPT2, OPA1, TRMU , (...)

View the complete list with 148 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mitochondrial Encephalopathy.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

AARS2, ACAD9, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, ATP5F1E, ATPAF2, AUH, BCS1L, TWNK, SDHAF2, OPA1, TRMU, WFS1, DLD, POLG, NDUFS4, SLC25A19, SLC25A4 , (...)

View the complete list with 111 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

UBE3A, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, SDHAF2, AMACR, OPA1, TRMU, WFS1, POLG, NDUFS4, SLC25A19, SLC25A4, FOXRED1, RRM2B, NDUFAF2, SDHC, PANK2, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 192 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Mitochondrial Deafness.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

WFS1, SUCLA2, TIMM8A, SUCLG1, HARS2, SLC33A1, PNPT1, RMND1
Specificity
13 %
Genes
100 %
AllNeuro panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

F2, F5, FMR1, HTT, HFE, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, VHL, PTEN, AARS2, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 1185 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Spastic paraplegia 42, autosomal dominant.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

SLC33A1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Spastic paraplegia AD panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

HSPD1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, ZFYVE27
Specificity
10 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegias (HSP) and differential diagnoses Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

MTHFR, ABHD12, ARG1, ATP7A, AUH, C12orf65, PSEN1, OPTN, OPA1, GLB1, ELOVL4, HSPD1, GARS, AFG3L2, PANK2, OPA3, VCP, ALDH18A1, MTPAP, SPR , (...)

View the complete list with 123 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Nuclear encoded Mitochondriopathies Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, ACAT1, YARS2, FBP1, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, HLCS, ATP5F1E, BTD, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 263 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP), autosomal dominant and X-linked Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

ABHD12, HSPD1, ALDH18A1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, REEP2, CPT1C, ZFYVE27, KANK1, ATP2B4
Specificity
6 %
Genes
100 %
Invitae Copper Metabolism Disorders Panel.

By Invitae in United States.

ATP7A, ATP7B, SLC33A1, CP, AP1S1
Specificity
20 %
Genes
100 %
SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA A.D..

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases in Spain.

HSPD1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, ZFYVE27
Specificity
10 %
Genes
100 %
Spastic Paraplegia NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

OPA3, REEP1, SPG7, ABCD1, ACOX1, PLP1, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1 , (...)

View the complete list with 5 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
SLC33A1.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

SLC33A1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Hearing Loss and Deafness Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

ABHD12, USH1G, USH1C, ANKH, BTD, BCS1L, TWNK, EYA1, COL2A1, TYR, PDZD7, EYA4, HSD17B4, TRMU, WFS1, NDP, ADGRV1, CLRN1, USH2A, PCDH15 , (...)

View the complete list with 159 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Spastic Paraplegia Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

ARG1, BTD, C12orf65, HSPD1, AFG3L2, SPR, REEP1, SPG7, ABCD1, PAH, GALC, SLC25A15, L2HGDH, GBE1, FXN, CYP27A1, FARS2, GJC2, PLP1, SACS , (...)

View the complete list with 40 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Cataract Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

RECQL4, EYA1, COL2A1, PAX6, PITX3, ABCB6, WFS1, OCRL, NDP, NHS, CRYAB, OPA3, AGK, ALDH18A1, TMEM70, FYCO1, GJA3, BCOR, GALT, GALE , (...)

View the complete list with 49 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, FAMILIAL (AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT).

By Laboratorio de Genetica Clinica SL in Spain.

HSPD1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, ZFYVE27
Specificity
10 %
Genes
100 %
Spastic paraplegia panel, autosomal dominant.

By LifeLabs Genetics in Canada.

POLG, HSPD1, REEP1, POLG2, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, ZFYVE27
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Autosomal Dominant Familial Spastic Paraplegia , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 9 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

HSPD1, REEP1, ATL1, SPAST, KIF5A, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5
Specificity
12 %
Genes
100 %
Familial Spastic Paraplegia , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 22 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

HSPD1, REEP1, SPG7, GJC2, PLP1, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPG11, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, PNPLA6, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1, FA2H , (...)

View the complete list with 2 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Congenital Cataracts , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 40 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

EYA1, PAX6, PITX3, NHS, CRYAB, AGK, FYCO1, GJA3, GALK1, SLC33A1, SIL1, MAF, FOXE3, CTDP1, CRYBA4, FAM126A, GJA8, GCNT2, CRYBB1, CRYBB3 , (...)

View the complete list with 20 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia: gene sequencing panel.

By CEN4GEN Institute for Genomics and Molecular Diagnostics in Canada.

C12orf65, HSPD1, REEP1, GAD1, GJC2, PLP1, ATL1, ZFYVE26, SPAST, KIF5A, L1CAM, NIPA1, SLC33A1, BSCL2, WASHC5, RTN2, KIF1A, CYP7B1, AP5Z1, FA2H , (...)

View the complete list with 16 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %

Alternate names

Congenital Cataracts, Hearing Loss, And Neurodegeneration; Cchlnd Is also known as ;congenital cataract-deafness-severe developmental delay syndrome; lethal neurodegenerative disorder due to copper transport defect.



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