Colorectal Cancer; Crc

Description

Colorectal cancer is a heterogeneous disease that is common in both men and women. In addition to lifestyle and environmental risk factors, gene defects can contribute to an inherited predisposition to CRC. CRC is caused by changes in different molecular pathogenic pathways, such as chromosomal instability, CpG island methylator phenotype, and microsatellite instability. Chromosome instability is the most common alteration and is present in almost 85% of all cases (review by Schweiger et al., 2013). Genetic Heterogeneity of Colorectal CancerMutations in a single gene result in a marked predisposition to colorectal cancer in 2 distinct syndromes: familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP ) and hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC; see {120435}). FAP is caused by mutations in the APC gene (OMIM ), whereas HNPCC is caused by mutations in several genes, including MSH2 (OMIM ), MLH1 (OMIM ), PMS1 (OMIM ), PMS2 (OMIM ), MSH6 (OMIM ), TGFBR2 (OMIM ), and MLH3 (OMIM ). Epigenetic silencing of MSH2 results in a form of HNPCC (see HNPCC8, {613244}). Other colorectal cancer syndromes include autosomal recessive adenomatous polyposis (OMIM ), which is caused by mutations in the MUTYH gene (OMIM ), and oligodontia-colorectal cancer syndrome (OMIM ), which is caused by mutations in the AXIN2 gene (OMIM ).The CHEK2 gene (OMIM ) has been implicated in susceptibility to colorectal cancer in Finnish patients. A germline mutation in the PLA2G2A gene (OMIM ) was identified in a patient with colorectal cancer.Germline susceptibility loci for colorectal cancer have also been identified. CRCS1 (OMIM ) is conferred by mutation in the GALNT12 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 9q22; CRCS2 (OMIM ) maps to chromosome 8q24; CRCS3 (OMIM ) is conferred by variation in the SMAD7 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 18; CRCS4 (OMIM ) is conferred by variation on 15q that causes increased and ectopic expression of the GREM1 gene (OMIM ); CRCS5 (OMIM ) maps to chromosome 10p14; CRCS6 (OMIM ) maps to chromosome 8q23; CRCS7 (OMIM ) maps to chromosome 11q23; CRCS8 (OMIM ) maps to chromosome 14q22; CRCS9 (OMIM ) maps to 16q22; CRCS10 (OMIM ) is conferred by mutation in the POLD1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 19q13; CRCS11 (OMIM ) maps to chromosome 20p12; and CRCS12 (OMIM ) is conferred by mutation in the POLE gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 12q24.Somatic mutations in many different genes, including KRAS (OMIM ), PIK3CA (OMIM ), BRAF (OMIM ), CTNNB1 (OMIM ), FGFR3 (OMIM ), AXIN2 (OMIM ), AKT1 (OMIM ), MCC (OMIM ), MYH11 (OMIM ), PARK2 (OMIM ), and RNF43 (OMIM ), have been identified in colorectal cancer.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Colorectal Cancer; Crc

  • Neoplasm
  • Carcinoma
  • Oligodontia
  • Colon cancer
  • Colitis
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Retinoblastoma
  • Leiomyosarcoma
  • Endometrial carcinoma

And another 5 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

Click here to know more about Mendelian.

Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Colorectal Cancer; Crc Is also known as colon cancer.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


Mendelian

Accelerate your rare disease diagnosis with us

Learn more

Colorectal Cancer; Crc Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Achondroplasia Mutation Panel.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

FGFR3
Specificity
100 %
Genes
4 %
PreSeek Non-invasive Prenatal Gene Sequencing Screen.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RIT1, BRAF, SMC1A, SOS1, SOS2, CDKL5, SYNGAP1, TSC1, TSC2, HDAC8, NSD1, CBL, SHOC2, CHD7, COL1A2, SMC3, NIPBL, FGFR2, FGFR3, HRAS , (...)

View the complete list with 9 more genes
Specificity
7 %
Genes
8 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation - Developmental Brain Malformations.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SHH, STIL, SIX3, TUBA8, SLC25A19, DEAF1, ARFGEF2, RAB3GAP1, CENPJ, NDE1, FKRP, ARX, ASPM, POMGNT1, POMT2, TUBA1A, COL4A1, CPT2, WDR62, DCX , (...)

View the complete list with 20 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
4 %
Epilepsy Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

SCN1A, SCN1B, SCN2A, SCN3A, SCN5A, SCN8A, SCN9A, SHH, ST3GAL3, ST3GAL5, STIL, SIX3, SLC2A1, SLC35A2, SLC6A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS , (...)

View the complete list with 214 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
4 %
Hearing Loss Advanced Sequencing and CNV Evaluation.

By Athena Diagnostics Inc (United States).

BCS1L, ROR1, SALL1, SEMA3E, SIX1, SIX5, SLC12A1, SLC19A2, SLC22A4, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, TBX1, TCOF1, TECTA, TFAP2A, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C , (...)

View the complete list with 149 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
4 %
Non-immune Hydrops Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RIT1, RPL11, RPL35A, RPL5, RPS10, RPS17, RPS19, RPS24, RPS26, SEC23B, SLC17A5, BRAF, SMPD1, SOS1, SOS2, SOX18, UROS, CBL, SHOC2, ALG9 , (...)

View the complete list with 66 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
8 %
NGS Skeletal Dysplasia Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SLC26A2, SOX9, TRPV4, COL1A2, COMP, FGFR3, FLNA, HSPG2
Specificity
13 %
Genes
4 %
FGFR3-related disorders.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

FGFR3
Specificity
100 %
Genes
4 %

We have 1196 more panels available in our App

Get the app

Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Rare Disease Search Engine

If you liked this article maybe you will also find interesting the following in-depth articles about other rare diseases, like SURFACTANT METABOLISM DYSFUNCTION, PULMONARY, 4; SMDP4 STICKLER SYNDROME, TYPE I; STL1 KLIPPEL-FEIL SYNDROME 1, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; KFS1

Need help with a diagnosis?

Learn more about how to achieve it with Mendelian


Learn more