Axenfeld-rieger Syndrome, Type 1; Rieg1

Description

Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder of morphogenesis that results in abnormal development of the anterior segment of the eye, and results in blindness from glaucoma in approximately 50% of affected individuals (Fitch and Kaback, 1978). Systemic anomalies are associated, including dental hypoplasia, failure of involution of periumbilical skin, and maxillary hypoplasia (Alkemade, 1969). Genetic Heterogeneity of Axenfeld-Rieger SyndromeLinkage studies indicate that a second type of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome maps to chromosome 13q14 (RIEG2 ). A third form of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (RIEG3 ) is caused by mutation in the FOXC1 gene (OMIM ) on chromosome 6p25.See {109120} for a form of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome associated with partially absent eye muscles, hydrocephalus, and skeletal abnormalities.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Axenfeld-rieger Syndrome, Type 1; Rieg1

  • Intellectual disability
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Hearing impairment
  • Scoliosis
  • Hypertelorism
  • Strabismus
  • Muscle weakness
  • Wide nasal bridge
  • Abnormality of the skeletal system

And another 42 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Axenfeld-rieger Syndrome, Type 1; Rieg1 Is also known as rieger syndrome, type 1, rgs, rieg.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Axenfeld-rieger Syndrome, Type 1; Rieg1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
MitoMet®Plus aCGH Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RGS9, RHO, GRK1, RLBP1, RNASEL, BCS1L, RP1, RP2, RP9, RPE65, RPGR, RPL35A, MRPL3, RPS14, RS1, SAG, SARDH, SCO2, SCP2, SDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 612 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Optic Atrophy and Early Glaucoma Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SLC4A4, SPG7, TBK1, ACO2, BEST1, WFS1, ACVR1, OPTN, ASB10, MFRP, CANT1, SBF2, COL4A1, CISD2, TMEM126A, MTPAP, CYP1B1, C12orf65, SH3PXD2B, FOXC1 , (...)

View the complete list with 14 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Hearing Loss Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPS6KA3, SALL1, SEMA3E, SIX1, SIX5, SLC19A2, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, BTD, TCOF1, TECTA, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, WFS1, ESPN , (...)

View the complete list with 100 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome.

By Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kennedy Center Juliane Marie Center, Rigshospitalet (Denmark).

B3GLCT, CYP1B1, FOXC1, FOXE3, PAX6, PITX2, PITX3
Specificity
15 %
Genes
100 %
Anterior segment defects.

By Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kennedy Center Juliane Marie Center, Rigshospitalet (Denmark).

PORCN, B3GLCT, COL4A1, CYP1B1, EYA1, FOXC1, FOXE3, KERA, LAMB2, PAX2, PAX6, PITX2, PITX3
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome.

By Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kennedy Center Juliane Marie Center, Rigshospitalet (Denmark).

FOXC1, PITX2
Specificity
50 %
Genes
100 %
Hypospadias Sequencing Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

SALL1, BMP4, SOX2, SRD5A2, HNF1B, MED12, WNT7A, WT1, FBXL4, ZEB2, SETBP1, TP63, PCNT, UBR1, FIG4, CDKN1C, ARX, GRIP1, FRAS1, EVC2 , (...)

View the complete list with 41 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
PITX2 mutation analysis.

By Laboratory of genome diagnostics Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam (Netherlands).

PITX2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Genetic Syndrome Finder

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