Autism, Susceptibility To, X-linked 4; Autsx4

Description

Autism, the prototypic pervasive developmental disorder (PDD), is usually apparent by 3 years of age. It is characterized by a triad of limited or absent verbal communication, a lack of reciprocal social interaction or responsiveness, and restricted, stereotypical, and ritualized patterns of interests and behavior (Bailey et al., 1996; Risch et al., 1999). 'Autism spectrum disorder,' sometimes referred to as ASD, is a broader phenotype encompassing the less severe disorders Asperger syndrome (see ASPG1; {608638}) and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). 'Broad autism phenotype' includes individuals with some symptoms of autism, but who do not meet the full criteria for autism or other disorders. Mental retardation coexists in approximately two-thirds of individuals with ASD, except for Asperger syndrome, in which mental retardation is conspicuously absent (Jones et al., 2008). Genetic studies in autism often include family members with these less stringent diagnoses (Schellenberg et al., 2006).Levy et al. (2009) provided a general review of autism and autism spectrum disorder, including epidemiology, characteristics of the disorder, diagnosis, neurobiologic hypotheses for the etiology, genetics, and treatment options.

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Autism, Susceptibility To, X-linked 4; Autsx4

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Ataxia
  • Delayed speech and language development
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Absent speech
  • Hyperactivity
  • Autism

And another 7 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.

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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Alternative names

Autism, Susceptibility To, X-linked 4; Autsx4 Is also known as chromosome xp22 deletion syndrome.

Researches and researchers

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Autism, Susceptibility To, X-linked 4; Autsx4 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Syndromic Autism Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SCN1A, SCN2A, BRAF, SLC2A1, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, CDKL5, STXBP1, TBR1, TCF4, MED12, TSC1, TSC2, UBE3A, HDAC8, CNTNAP2, FOXP2, CACNA1C, NSD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 63 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
NGS XLID Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TAF1, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, USP9X, ZMYM3, ZNF41, ZNF711 , (...)

View the complete list with 94 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Autism, susceptibility to, X-linked 4 (PTCHD1).

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc (United States).

PTCHD1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders 53-Gene Panel.

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc (United States).

RPL10, SYN1, SYNGAP1, TSPAN7, PCDH10, CNTNAP2, SH3KBP1, CACNA1H, PCDH19, NLGN4X, NLGN3, NLGN1, SHANK3, SHANK2, WNK3, DIAPH3, RAB39B, NOS1AP, ASTN2, CNTNAP5 , (...)

View the complete list with 32 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
X-Linked Intellectual Disabilities Deletion/Duplication.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, ZNF711, FTSJ1, NSDHL, PCDH19, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 68 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
X-linked Intellectual Disabilities Sequencing.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, ZNF711, FTSJ1, NSDHL, PCDH19, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 68 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
X-Linked Intellectual Disabilities Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, ZNF711, FTSJ1, NSDHL, PCDH19, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 67 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Non-Specific Intellectual Disability Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RPS6KA3, CLIP1, SCN2A, ST3GAL3, SLC16A2, SLC25A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMARCA4, SMARCB1, ARID1A, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX11, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYN1, SYNGAP1, SYP , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

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OMIM Rare Disease Symptoms Checker

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