Asperger Syndrome, X-linked, Susceptibility To, 1; Aspgx1

Description

Asperger syndrome is considered to be a form of childhood autism (see, e.g., {209850}). The DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association, 1994) specifies several diagnostic criteria for Asperger syndrome, which has many of the same features as autism. In general, patients with Asperger syndrome and autism exhibit qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifest by impairment in the use of nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body postures, and gestures, failure to develop appropriate peer relationships, and lack of social sharing or reciprocity. Patients also exhibit restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities, including abnormal preoccupation with certain activities and inflexible adherence to routines or rituals. Asperger syndrome is primarily distinguished from autism by the higher cognitive abilities and a more normal and timely development of language and communicative phrases. Gillberg et al. (2001) described the development of the Asperger syndrome (and high-functioning autism) Diagnostic Interview (ASDI), which they claimed has a strong validity in the diagnosis of the disorder.For a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Asperger syndrome, see {608638}.

Clinical Features

Phenotypes and symptoms related to Asperger Syndrome, X-linked, Susceptibility To, 1; Aspgx1

  • Absent speech
  • Autism
  • Stereotypy
  • Impaired use of nonverbal behaviors
  • Inflexible adherence to routines or rituals
  • Lack of spontaneous play
  • Restrictive behavior
  • Impaired ability to form peer relationships

Incidence and onset information

— Currently we don't have prevalence information about this disease (Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.)
No data available about the known clinical features onset.

Researches and researchers

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Asperger Syndrome, X-linked, Susceptibility To, 1; Aspgx1 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
Syndromic Autism Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SCN1A, SCN2A, BRAF, SLC2A1, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, CDKL5, STXBP1, TBR1, TCF4, MED12, TSC1, TSC2, UBE3A, HDAC8, CNTNAP2, FOXP2, CACNA1C, NSD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 63 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
NGS XLID Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TAF1, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, USP9X, ZMYM3, ZNF41, ZNF711 , (...)

View the complete list with 94 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorder (Neuroligin 3/4).

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc (United States).

NLGN4X, NLGN3
Specificity
50 %
Genes
100 %
Autism Spectrum Disorders 53-Gene Panel.

By Center for Human Genetics, Inc (United States).

RPL10, SYN1, SYNGAP1, TSPAN7, PCDH10, CNTNAP2, SH3KBP1, CACNA1H, PCDH19, NLGN4X, NLGN3, NLGN1, SHANK3, SHANK2, WNK3, DIAPH3, RAB39B, NOS1AP, ASTN2, CNTNAP5 , (...)

View the complete list with 32 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
X-Linked Intellectual Disabilities Deletion/Duplication.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, ZNF711, FTSJ1, NSDHL, PCDH19, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 68 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
X-linked Intellectual Disabilities Sequencing.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, ZNF711, FTSJ1, NSDHL, PCDH19, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 68 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
X-Linked Intellectual Disabilities Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPL10, RPS6KA3, SLC16A2, SLC9A6, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX3, CDKL5, SYN1, SYP, TIMM8A, TSPAN7, MED12, UBE2A, ZNF711, FTSJ1, NSDHL, PCDH19, NLGN4X , (...)

View the complete list with 67 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Non-Specific Intellectual Disability Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago (United States).

RPS6KA3, CLIP1, SCN2A, ST3GAL3, SLC16A2, SLC25A1, SLC6A8, SLC9A6, SMARCA4, SMARCB1, ARID1A, SMC1A, KDM5C, SMS, SOX11, CDKL5, STXBP1, SYN1, SYNGAP1, SYP , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %

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Sources and references

You can check the following sources for additional information.

OMIM Genetic Syndrome Finder

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