Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 3; Asgd3

Description

Anterior segment dysgeneses (ASGD or ASMD) are a heterogeneous group of developmental disorders affecting the anterior segment of the eye, including the cornea, iris, lens, trabecular meshwork, and Schlemm canal. The clinical features of ASGD include iris hypoplasia, an enlarged or reduced corneal diameter, corneal vascularization and opacity, posterior embryotoxon, corectopia, polycoria, an abnormal iridocorneal angle, ectopia lentis, and anterior synechiae between the iris and posterior corneal surface (summary by Cheong et al., 2016).Anterior segment dysgenesis is sometimes divided into subtypes including aniridia (see {106210}), Axenfeld and Rieger anomalies, iridogoniodysgenesis, Peters anomaly, and posterior embryotoxon (Gould and John, 2002).Some patients with ASGD3 have been reported with the following subtypes: iridogoniodysgenesis, Peters anomaly, Axenfeld anomaly, and Rieger anomaly.Iridogoniodysgenesis, which is characterized by iris hypoplasia, goniodysgenesis, and juvenile glaucoma, is the result of aberrant migration or terminal induction of the neural crest cells involved in the formation of the anterior segment of the eye (summary by Mears et al., 1996).Peters anomaly consists of a central corneal leukoma, absence of the posterior corneal stroma and Descemet membrane, and a variable degree of iris and lenticular attachments to the central aspect of the posterior cornea (Peters, 1906).In Axenfeld anomaly, strands of iris tissue attach to the Schwalbe line; in Rieger anomaly, in addition to the attachment of iris tissue to the Schwalbe line, there is clinically evident iris stromal atrophy with hole or pseudo-hole formation and corectopia (summary by Smith and Traboulsi, 2012).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 3; Asgd3

  • Myopia
  • Glaucoma
  • Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia
  • Ectopia lentis
  • Congenital glaucoma
  • Aniridia
  • Posterior embryotoxon
  • Hypoplasia of the iris
  • Increased intraocular pressure
  • Ectopia pupillae

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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.
— The onset for some of the known clinical features related to this disease may vary, including juvenile onset, and juvenile onset .

Alternative names

Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 3; Asgd3 Is also known as irid1, glaucoma iridogoniodysplasia, familial, iris hypoplasia with glaucoma, igda, iridogoniodysgenesis anomaly, autosomal dominant, iridogoniodysgenesis, type 1.

Researches and researchers

Currently, we don't have any information about doctors, researches or researchers related to this disease. Please contact us if you would like to appear here.


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Anterior Segment Dysgenesis 3; Asgd3 Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
MitoMetĀ®Plus aCGH Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories (United States).

RGS9, RHO, GRK1, RLBP1, RNASEL, BCS1L, RP1, RP2, RP9, RPE65, RPGR, RPL35A, MRPL3, RPS14, RS1, SAG, SARDH, SCO2, SCP2, SDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 612 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Optic Atrophy and Early Glaucoma Panel.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center (United States).

SLC4A4, SPG7, TBK1, ACO2, BEST1, WFS1, ACVR1, OPTN, ASB10, MFRP, CANT1, SBF2, COL4A1, CISD2, TMEM126A, MTPAP, CYP1B1, C12orf65, SH3PXD2B, FOXC1 , (...)

View the complete list with 14 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Hearing Loss Panel.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University (United States).

RPS6KA3, SALL1, SEMA3E, SIX1, SIX5, SLC19A2, SNAI2, SMPX, SOX10, BTD, TCOF1, TECTA, TIMM8A, TJP2, TMPRSS3, USH1C, USH2A, CLRN1, WFS1, ESPN , (...)

View the complete list with 100 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome.

By Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kennedy Center Juliane Marie Center, Rigshospitalet (Denmark).

B3GLCT, CYP1B1, FOXC1, FOXE3, PAX6, PITX2, PITX3
Specificity
15 %
Genes
100 %
Anterior segment defects.

By Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kennedy Center Juliane Marie Center, Rigshospitalet (Denmark).

PORCN, B3GLCT, COL4A1, CYP1B1, EYA1, FOXC1, FOXE3, KERA, LAMB2, PAX2, PAX6, PITX2, PITX3
Specificity
8 %
Genes
100 %
Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome.

By Medical Genetics Laboratory, Kennedy Center Juliane Marie Center, Rigshospitalet (Denmark).

FOXC1, PITX2
Specificity
50 %
Genes
100 %
FOXC1 mutation analysis.

By Laboratory of genome diagnostics Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam (Netherlands).

FOXC1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
FOXC1. Complete sequencing.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica (Spain).

FOXC1
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %

We have 52 more panels available in our App

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Sources and references

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OMIM Rare Disease Search Engine

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