Alpha-methylacyl-coa Racemase Deficiency; Amacrd

Description

AMACR deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive peroxisomal disorder characterized by adult onset of variable neurodegenerative symptoms affecting the central and peripheral nervous systems. Features may include seizures, visual failure, sensorimotor neuropathy, spasticity, migraine, and white matter hyperintensities on brain imaging. Serum pristanic acid and C27 bile acid intermediates are increased (summary by Smith et al., 2010).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Alpha-methylacyl-coa Racemase Deficiency; Amacrd

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Ataxia
  • Cataract
  • Spasticity
  • Visual impairment
  • Epicanthus
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Dysarthria
And another 45 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.
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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


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Alpha-methylacyl-coa Racemase Deficiency; Amacrd Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
MitoMet®Plus aCGH Analysis.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories in United States.

BRCA1, MTHFR, UBE3A, VHL, MUTYH, TP53, MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ABCB11, ABCB4, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1, ZNF513 , (...)

View the complete list with 617 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Alpha Methylacyl-CoA Racemase Deficiency.

By Johns Hopkins DNA Diagnostic Laboratory Johns Hopkins Hospital in United States.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Peroxisomal Disorders Comprehensive NGS Panel.

By Johns Hopkins DNA Diagnostic Laboratory Johns Hopkins Hospital in United States.

AMACR, HSD17B4, DNM1L, CAT, SCP2, AGPS, PHYH, ACOX1, AGXT, PEX2, PEX7, PEX1, PEX6, PEX14, PEX19, PEX13, PEX3, PEX16, PEX26, PEX10 , (...)

View the complete list with 4 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Ataxia Exome Panel.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago in United States.

FMR1, TTR, UBE3A, AARS2, ABHD12, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, HLCS, BTD, ATP7B, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, TWNK, C12orf65, ADSL, PRKCG , (...)

View the complete list with 460 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Peroxisomal disorders.

By Sheffield Diagnostic Genetics Service Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust in United Kingdom.

AMACR, HSD17B4, DNM1L, AGPS, ABCD1, ACOX1, AGXT, PEX2, PEX7, PEX1, PEX6, PEX3, PEX10, PEX5, GNPAT, PEX11B
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %
AMACR. Complete sequencing.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica in Spain.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Alpha methylacyl CoA racemase deficiency (sequence analysis of AMACR gene).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Lysosomal and peroxisomal diseases (NGS panel of 109 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

GAA, PPARG, AMACR, HSD17B4, CLCN7, PSAP, GNPTAB, GLB1, ATP6V0A2, SMPD1, HPS1, DNM1L, BLOC1S3, HPS6, SCP2, CTSD, AP3B1, GRN, AGPS, LMBRD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 88 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Lysosomal and peroxisomal diseases (NGS panel of 109 genes).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

GAA, PPARG, AMACR, HSD17B4, CLCN7, PSAP, GNPTAB, GLB1, ATP6V0A2, SMPD1, HPS1, DNM1L, BLOC1S3, HPS6, SCP2, CTSD, AP3B1, GRN, AGPS, LMBRD1 , (...)

View the complete list with 88 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase Deficiency.

By Laboratory Genetic Metabolic Diseases University of Amsterdam Academic Medical Center in Netherlands.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Inherited Retinal Dystrophies (includes RPGR ORF15) Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

ABHD12, ZNF513, AIPL1, USH1G, USH1C, BEST1, C12orf65, INVS, NEUROD1, SPATA7, MMACHC, FBLN5, LRP5, COL2A1, PRKCG, CHM, PDZD7, RP1, INPP5E, AMACR , (...)

View the complete list with 285 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Metabolic Myopathies, Rhabdomyolysis and Exercise Intolerance Sequencing Panel.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ALDOA, TWNK, GAA, AMACR, CPT2, OPA1, POLG, RRM2B, HADHA, OPA3, COQ9, PDSS2, PDSS1, PGM1, LDHA , (...)

View the complete list with 39 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Metabolic Myopathy / Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorder / Myalgia / Rhabdomyolysis.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, GAA, AMACR, CPT2, HADHA, PNPLA2, HADHB, ABHD5, LPIN1, ISCU, PFKM, PYGM, ETFB, ETFA, ETFDH, SLC22A5, DMD , (...)

View the complete list with 8 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Neuropathy.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

TTR, ABHD12, ATP7A, C12orf65, GAA, FBLN5, OPTN, AMACR, POLG, GARS, MFN2, HADHA, VCP, HARS, KARS, SPTLC2, REEP1, HADHB, TYMP, SQSTM1 , (...)

View the complete list with 102 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Vascular and connective tissue diseases - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

TTR, AGL, B4GALT7, ADSL, COL1A1, COL1A2, COL3A1, AMACR, POLG, AFG3L2, FBN1, AGK, SLC39A13, COQ8A, OTC, AIFM1, CBS, COL5A1, COL5A2, GLA , (...)

View the complete list with 47 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Neurogenetic Disorders - panels.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, AARS2, ABHD12, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, ARG1, UQCRB, ATP5F1E, ATP7B, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA , (...)

View the complete list with 577 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epileptic Encephalopathy.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

UBE3A, AMACR, POLG, PANK2, MECP2, GAMT, STXBP1, SLC25A22, GLDC, HEXA, HEXB, ALDH7A1, TPP1, CLN3, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, MEF2C, NPC1, NPC2 , (...)

View the complete list with 69 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Muscle Weakness (Myopathy, Muscular Dystrophy).

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

TTR, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, TWNK, GAA, TUBB3, AMACR, CPT2, GNE, TRIM32, POLG, SLC25A4, GARS, RRM2B, MFN2, CRYAB, HADHA , (...)

View the complete list with 159 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Epilepsy.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

UBE3A, YARS2, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, SDHAF2, AMACR, OPA1, TRMU, WFS1, POLG, NDUFS4, SLC25A19, SLC25A4, FOXRED1, RRM2B, NDUFAF2, SDHC, PANK2, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 192 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Teenager Stroke / Stroke-Like Episodes.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center in Germany.

TTR, COL3A1, AMACR, POLG, FBN1, OTC, CBS, GLA, NOTCH3, COL4A1, FLNA, TREX1, HTRA1, CACNA1C, TGFB2, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, SLC2A10, ABCC6, ADA2 , (...)

View the complete list with 1 more genes
Specificity
5 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive mitochondrial disorders panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, ACAT1, PC, UQCRB, HLCS, ATP5F1E, ATP7B, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, TWNK, STAR, MTRR , (...)

View the complete list with 160 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Alpha methylacyl CoA racemase deficiency.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
AllNeuro panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

F2, F5, FMR1, HTT, HFE, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, VHL, PTEN, AARS2, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 1185 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Idiopathic Generalized and Focal Epilepsy Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

AMACR, ME2, ALDH7A1, SLC2A1, SCN1A, CACNA1A, CASR, KCNA1, CACNB4, SLC1A3, CACNA1H, CHRNB2, CPA6, EFHC1, LGI1, GABRB3, SCN9A, SCN1B, SCN2A, STX1B , (...)

View the complete list with 20 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
Peroxisomal Disorder Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

AMACR, ABCD1, PEX2, PEX7, PEX1, PEX6, PEX14, PEX19, PEX13, PEX3, PEX16, PEX26, PEX10, PEX12, PEX5, PEX11B
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %
Nuclear encoded Mitochondriopathies Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ACAD9, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, ACAT1, YARS2, FBP1, PC, UQCRQ, UQCRB, HLCS, ATP5F1E, BTD, ATPAF2, AUH, BCKDHA, BCKDHB , (...)

View the complete list with 263 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Ataxia and differential diagnoses Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

FMR1, AARS2, ABHD12, UQCRQ, BTD, ATP7B, AUH, TWNK, PRKCG, PAX6, INPP5E, AMACR, OPA1, WFS1, GLB1, CC2D2A, ELOVL4, TMEM67, NPHP1, CEP290 , (...)

View the complete list with 184 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Peroxisomal Disorders Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

AMACR, ABCD1, PEX2, PEX7, PEX1, PEX6, PEX14, PEX19, PEX13, PEX3, PEX16, PEX26, PEX10, PEX12, PEX5, PEX11B
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %
Single gene testing AMACR.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Retinal Dystrophy Panel.

By Molecular Vision Laboratory in United States.

ABHD12, ZNF513, AIPL1, USH1G, USH1C, BEST1, C12orf65, INVS, OPN1MW, OPN1LW, NEUROD1, SPATA7, MMACHC, LRP5, CHM, PDZD7, RP1, INPP5E, AMACR, OPA1 , (...)

View the complete list with 267 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Invitae Zellweger Spectrum Disorder Panel.

By Invitae in United States.

AMACR, HSD17B4, ACOX1, PEX2, PEX1, PEX6, PEX14, PEX19, PEX13, PEX3, PEX16, PEX26, PEX10, PEX12, PEX5
Specificity
7 %
Genes
100 %
Nuclear-Mito NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

HTT, UBE3A, MUTYH, TP53, MCCC1, MCCC2, AARS2, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, ACADVL, ACAT1, YARS2, FBP1, PC, GYS2, UQCRQ, UQCRB , (...)

View the complete list with 484 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
AMACR.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Epilepsy NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

MTHFR, UBE3A, PC, ARG1, BTD, ATPAF2, AUH, BCS1L, TWNK, C12orf65, ADSL, PAX6, AMACR, CPT2, PSAP, GNPTAB, GLB1, CC2D2A, PRODH, ATP6V0A2 , (...)

View the complete list with 427 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Neuropathy Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

TTR, ATP7A, C12orf65, FBLN5, AMACR, GNE, POLG, GARS, KIF1B, MFN2, VCP, HARS, KARS, SPTLC2, REEP1, HADHB, TYMP, AIFM1, SURF1, HK1 , (...)

View the complete list with 78 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Metabolism Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

HFE, MTHFR, MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1, ALDOA, ALDOB, FBP1, PC, GYS2, ARG1, HLCS, BTD, ATP7B , (...)

View the complete list with 414 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Peroxisomal Disorders Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

AMACR, HSD17B4, AGPS, ABCD1, PHYH, ACOX1, AGXT, SUGCT, PEX2, PEX7, PEX1, PEX6, PEX14, PEX19, PEX13, PEX3, PEX16, PEX26, PEX10, PEX12 , (...)

View the complete list with 7 more genes
Specificity
4 %
Genes
100 %
Comprehensive Epilepsy Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

HTT, MTHFR, UBE3A, ARG1, BTD, ADSL, AMACR, CPT2, PSAP, GLB1, PRODH, GNE, HSD17B10, POLG, NDUFS4, HSPD1, AFG3L2, FOXRED1, FH, MECP2 , (...)

View the complete list with 263 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
100 %
Idiopathic Generalized and Focal Epilepsy Panel.

By Blueprint Genetics in Finland.

AMACR, POLG, ALDH7A1, SLC2A1, SCN1A, CASR, KCNA1, CACNB4, CACNA1H, CHRNB2, EFHC1, LGI1, GABRB3, SCN9A, SCN1B, SCN2A, STX1B, SLC6A1, KCNT1, KCNQ2 , (...)

View the complete list with 14 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
100 %
AMACR Gene Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication Analysis.

By DDC Clinic Molecular Diagnostics Laboratory DDC Clinic, Center for Special Needs Children in United States.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Next Generation Sequencing for Jaundice Associated Genes Variation Test.

By National Taiwan University Hospital A1 Center National Taiwan University Hospital in Taiwan.

HFE, ABCB11, ABCB4, ATP7B, ATP8B1, BCS1L, TWNK, INVS, HBB, HNF1B, AMACR, JAG1, POLG, RRM2B, SLC25A13, DGUOK, MPV17, SUCLG1, ASS1, CYP27A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 53 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %
Alpha-Methylacyl-CoA Racemase Deficiency , Sequencing AMACR Gene.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

AMACR
Specificity
100 %
Genes
100 %
Peroxisomal and Lysosomal Diseases , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 78 Genes.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

GAA, AMACR, HSD17B4, PSAP, GNPTAB, GLB1, SMPD1, DNM1L, CAT, SCP2, CTSD, AGPS, LMBRD1, HEXA, GM2A, HEXB, PHYH, CTSK, ACOX1, AGXT , (...)

View the complete list with 58 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
100 %

Alternate names

Alpha-methylacyl-coa Racemase Deficiency; Amacrd Is also known as amacr deficiency;2-methylacyl-coa racemase deficiency; amacr deficiency; alpha-methyl-acyl-coa racemase deficiency; basd4; liver disease-retinitis pigmentosa-polyneuropathy-epilepsy syndrome.



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