Chromosome 2q37 Deletion Syndrome

Description

Patients with chromosome 2q37 deletion syndrome show highly variable clinical manifestations likely resulting from different deletion sizes and deletions of different genes. Variable clinical features included brachydactyly type E (BDE), affecting the metacarpals and metatarsals (in about 50% of patients), short stature, mild to moderate intellectual disability, behavioral abnormalities, and dysmorphic facial features. However, many individuals with deletions do not show cognitive deficits (summary by Villavicencio-Lorini et al., 2013, Wheeler et al., 2014, Jean-Marcais et al., 2015).

Clinical Features

Top most frequent phenotypes and symptoms related to Chromosome 2q37 Deletion Syndrome

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment
  • Microcephaly
  • Sensorineural hearing impairment
  • Muscular hypotonia
  • Abnormal facial shape
And another 78 symptoms. If you need more information about this disease we can help you.
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Incidence and onset information

Not enough data available about incidence and published cases.


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Chromosome 2q37 Deletion Syndrome Recommended genes panels

Panel Name, Specifity and genes Tested/covered
HDLBP.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

HDLBP
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
FARP2.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

FARP2
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
PASK.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

PASK
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
FoundationOne® Heme.

By Foundation Medicine, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, MSH2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RUNX1, TP53, PC, FOXL2, HNF1A, WT1, RB1, RET, TNFRSF11A, CPS1, SDHC , (...)

View the complete list with 385 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
50 %
HDAC4. Complete sequencing.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica in Spain.

HDAC4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
CHOP Epilepsy Panel.

By Division of Genomic Diagnostics The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia in United States.

UBE3A, POLG, MECP2, GAMT, GATM, STXBP1, CTSD, SLC25A22, ALDH7A1, TPP1, CLN3, WWOX, SLC6A8, ARX, CDKL5, CHRNA7, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19, SLC2A1 , (...)

View the complete list with 69 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
25 %
Brachydactyly-mental retardation syndrome (sequence analysis of HDAC4 gene).

By CGC Genetics in Portugal.

HDAC4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
Congenital Limb Malformation Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

BRCA2, RECQL4, COL2A1, CC2D2A, CEP290, SHH, DHODH, MKS1, FGFR3, FGFR2, NIPBL, PALB2, BRIP1, RAD51C, FIG4, FLNA, PIGV, SALL1, CHSY1, NSDHL , (...)

View the complete list with 49 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
25 %
Skeletal Disorders and Joint Problems Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics in United States.

RECQL4, ALPL, ANKH, TYROBP, FKBP10, B4GALT7, IFITM5, LRP5, COL2A1, COL1A1, COL1A2, COL3A1, SOST, TGFB1, LEMD3, TNFRSF11A, CLCN7, SHH, FBN1, DHODH , (...)

View the complete list with 238 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Mental retardation - different panels.

By Institute of Human Genetics Cologne University in Germany.

FMR1, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, ACAD9, PC, ANKH, HLCS, ATP7A, AUH, B4GALT7, BCKDHA, BCKDHB, BCS1L, C12orf65, ADSL, MMACHC, PRKCG, PAX6 , (...)

View the complete list with 847 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Brachydacytly-mental retardation syndrome.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

HDAC4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
AllNeuro panel.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company in Germany.

F2, F5, FMR1, HTT, HFE, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, VHL, PTEN, AARS2, ABHD12, ACACA, ACAD9, ACADL, ACADM, ACADS, AGL, ACADVL, ACAT1 , (...)

View the complete list with 1185 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
HDAC4.

By Amplexa Genetics Amplexa Genetics A/S in Denmark.

HDAC4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel.

By CeGaT GmbH in Germany.

MTHFR, UBE3A, ADSL, CPT2, MECP2, GAMT, STXBP1, SLC25A22, GCSH, GLDC, AMT, SLC9A6, ALDH7A1, MOCS2, MOCS1, ARX, CDKL5, FOXG1, MEF2C, PCDH19 , (...)

View the complete list with 57 more genes
Specificity
2 %
Genes
25 %
qChip.

By Quantitative Genomic Medicine Laboratories, SL in Spain.

FMR1, UBE3A, APC, PTEN, TP53, FOXL2, EYA1, COL2A1, OCA2, APP, WT1, PAX6, RB1, LEMD3, HNF1B, ELN, OCRL, PITX2, JAG1, NDP , (...)

View the complete list with 106 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Limb Malformation: Sequencing Panel.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

RECQL4, CC2D2A, CEP290, SHH, MKS1, FGFR3, FGFR2, NIPBL, PIGV, SALL1, CHSY1, SOX9, GLI3, TP63, CDH3, BMPR1B, PITX1, FGF10, SALL4, TBX5 , (...)

View the complete list with 26 more genes
Specificity
3 %
Genes
25 %
Skeletal Dysplasia: Sequencing Panel.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics in United States.

RECQL4, ALPL, ANKH, TYROBP, FKBP10, B4GALT7, IFITM5, LRP5, COL2A1, COL1A1, COL1A2, SOST, TGFB1, LEMD3, TNFRSF11A, PYCR1, CLCN7, CC2D2A, ATP6V0A2, TMEM67 , (...)

View the complete list with 143 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Intellectual Disability NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

BRCA2, F5, FMR1, MTHFR, TTR, UBE3A, PTEN, MCCC1, MCCC2, AGL, ACAT1, GYS2, ARG1, ATP7A, AUH, BCS1L, ADSL, FBLN5, LRP5, COL1A2 , (...)

View the complete list with 372 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Skeletal Dysplasias NGS panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

RECQL4, ALPL, ANKH, TYROBP, FKBP10, B4GALT7, IFITM5, LRP5, COL2A1, COL1A1, COL1A2, SOST, TGFB1, LEMD3, TNFRSF11A, PYCR1, CLCN7, CC2D2A, ATP6V0A2, TMEM67 , (...)

View the complete list with 141 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Comprehensive Epilepsy NGS Panel.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

MTHFR, UBE3A, PC, ARG1, BTD, ATPAF2, AUH, BCS1L, TWNK, C12orf65, ADSL, PAX6, AMACR, CPT2, PSAP, GNPTAB, GLB1, CC2D2A, PRODH, ATP6V0A2 , (...)

View the complete list with 427 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
HDAC4.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics in United States.

HDAC4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
Rapid microarray (CGH and SNP).

By Allele Diagnostics Allele Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, VHL, APC, PTEN, TP53, USH1C, ATP7A, FOXL2, HBB, EYA1, OCA2, WT1, PAX6, CHM, RB1, HNF1B, RET, ELN, OCRL , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
High-Resolution Rapid Microarray (CGH and SNP).

By Allele Diagnostics Allele Diagnostics in United States.

FMR1, UBE3A, VHL, APC, PTEN, TP53, USH1C, ATP7A, FOXL2, HBB, EYA1, OCA2, WT1, PAX6, CHM, RB1, HNF1B, RET, ELN, OCRL , (...)

View the complete list with 153 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Brachydactyly-Mental Retardation Syndrome , Sequencing HDAC4 Gene.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics in Spain.

HDAC4
Specificity
100 %
Genes
25 %
Tempus xT assay.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, MTHFR, VHL, APC, EPCAM, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, ATP7B, FOXL2, HNF1A, WT1, RB1 , (...)

View the complete list with 571 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %
Tempus xO assay.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. in United States.

BRCA1, BRCA2, VHL, APC, EPCAM, MSH2, PMS2, MSH6, MLH1, MUTYH, PTEN, RECQL4, RUNX1, TP53, ABCB11, ABCB4, FKBP10, FOXL2, HNF1A, PPARG , (...)

View the complete list with 1693 more genes
Specificity
1 %
Genes
25 %

Alternate names

Chromosome 2q37 Deletion Syndrome Is also known as albright hereditary osteodystrophy-like syndrome, brachydactyly-mental retardation syndrome;bdmr;albright hereditary osteodystrophy type 3; albright hereditary osteodystrophy-like syndrome; brachydactyly-intellectual disability syndrome; del(2)(q37); deletion 2q37; deletion 2q37-qter; monosomy 2q37-qter.



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