HMGCS2 gene related symptoms and diseases

All the information presented here about the HMGCS2 gene and its related diseases, symptoms, and test panels has been aggregated from the following public sources: HGNC,ORPHANET,OMIM,NCBIGENE, Mendelian Rare Disease Search Engine.

Top 5 symptoms and clinical features associated to HMGCS2 gene

Symptoms // Phenotype % Cases
Seizures Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Hepatomegaly Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Vomiting Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Diarrhea Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases
Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis Very Common - Between 80% and 100% cases

Other less frequent symptoms and clinical features

Patients with HMGCS2 gene alterations may also develop some of the following symptoms and phenotypes:
  • Commonly - More than 50% cases

  • Encephalopathy
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Elevated hepatic transaminase
  • Coma
  • Recurrent hypoglycemia
  • Hypoketotic hypoglycemia
  • Respiratory arrest
  • Hypoglycemic coma
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Rare diseases associated to HMGCS2 gene

Here you will find a list of rare diseases related to the HMGCS2. You can also use our tool to get a more accurate diagnosis based on your current symptoms.


3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARYL-COA SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY


Alternate names

3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARYL-COA SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY Is also known as hmgcs2 deficiency, hmg-coa synthase deficiency, mitochondrial hmg-coa synthase deficiency

Description

3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase deficiency (HMG-CoA synthase deficiency) is a rare autosomal recessively inherited disorder of ketone body metabolism (see this term), reported in less than 20 patients to date, characterized clinically by episodes of decompensation (often associated with gastroenteritis or fasting) that present with vomiting, lethargy, hepatomegaly, non ketotic hypoglycemia and, in rare cases, coma. Patients are mostly asymptomatic between acute epidodes. HMG-CoA synthase deficiency requires an early diagnosis in order to avoid hypoglycemic crises that can lead to permanent brain damage or death.

Most common symptoms of 3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARYL-COA SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY

  • Seizures
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abnormality of metabolism/homeostasis


More info about 3-HYDROXY-3-METHYLGLUTARYL-COA SYNTHASE DEFICIENCY

SOURCES: MESH ORPHANET OMIM


Potential gene panels for HMGCS2 gene

MitoMet®Plus aCGH Analysis Panel

United States.

By Baylor Miraca Genetics Laboratories MitoMet®Plus aCGH Analysis that also includes the following genes: RGS9 RHO GRK1 RLBP1 RNASEL BCS1L RP1 RP2 RP9 RPE65

More info about this panel

Fatty Acid Oxidation Deficiency Panel

United States.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University Fatty Acid Oxidation Deficiency that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 TAZ LPIN1 SLC25A20 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT1B CPT2 ETFA ETFB

More info about this panel

Mitochondrial Disorders Panel (mtDNA Sequencing, Nuclear Genes Sequencing, and Deletion/Duplication) Panel

United States.

By ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics Mitochondrial Disorders Panel (mtDNA Sequencing, Nuclear Genes Sequencing, and Deletion/Duplication) that also includes the following genes: BCS1L SCO1 SCO2 SDHB SDHC SDHD SLC22A5 SLC25A13 SLC25A15 SLC25A3

More info about this panel

Fatty acid metabolism/ketogenesis disorders Panel

United Kingdom.

By Sheffield Diagnostic Genetics Service Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust Fatty acid metabolism/ketogenesis disorders that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 SLC25A20 SLC52A3 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT1B CPT2 SLC52A2 SLC52A1 ETFA

More info about this panel

Fatty acid metabolism/ketogenesis disorders Panel

United Kingdom.

By Sheffield Diagnostic Genetics Service Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust Fatty acid metabolism/ketogenesis disorders that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 SLC25A20 SLC52A3 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT1B CPT2 SLC52A2 SLC52A1 ETFA

More info about this panel

3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Synthase 2 Deficiency Panel

Spain.

By Unity of Clinical Genetics and Functional Genomics University of Zaragoza. Faculty of Medicine.

This panel specifically test the HMGCS2 gene.

More info about this panel

Hyperammonemia Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Hyperammonemia Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 SLC25A13 SLC25A15 SLC7A7 SLC25A20 NAGS MMAA MMAB CPT1A CPT2

More info about this panel

Disorders of Fatty Acid Oxidation Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Disorders of Fatty Acid Oxidation Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 TAZ LPIN1 SLC25A20 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT2 FLAD1 DECR1 ECHS1

More info about this panel

Comprehensive mitochondrial disorders panel Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company Comprehensive mitochondrial disorders panel that also includes the following genes: RNASEL BCS1L MRPL3 SARDH SCO1 SCO2 SCP2 SDHA SDHB SDHC

More info about this panel

AllNeuro panel Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company AllNeuro panel that also includes the following genes: BCS1L ROR2 RPL10 BDNF RPS6KA3 RTN2 RYR1 SACS BIN1 SBF1

More info about this panel

3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase 2 deficiency Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company

This panel specifically test the HMGCS2 gene.

More info about this panel

CentoICU platinum plus Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company CentoICU platinum plus that also includes the following genes: RMRP BCS1L BDNF RPS19 RPS6KA3 SALL1 SCN1A SCN2A SFTPB SFTPC

More info about this panel

New Born testing (CentoICU) Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company New Born testing (CentoICU) that also includes the following genes: RMRP BCS1L BDNF RPS19 RPS6KA3 SALL1 SCN1A SCN2A SFTPB SFTPC

More info about this panel

Nuclear encoded Mitochondriopathies Panel Panel

Germany.

By CeGaT GmbH Nuclear encoded Mitochondriopathies Panel that also includes the following genes: RMRP BCS1L MRPL3 SACS SCO1 SCO2 SDHA SDHB SDHC SDHD

More info about this panel

Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorder Panel

Estonia.

By Asper Biogene Asper Biogene LLC Fatty Acid Oxidation Disorder that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 TAZ SLC25A20 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT2 ETFA ETFB ETFDH GLUD1

More info about this panel

HMGCS2 Panel

Austria.

By Division Human Genetics Medical University Innsbruck

This panel specifically test the HMGCS2 gene.

More info about this panel

Invitae Fatty Acid Oxidation Defects Panel Panel

United States.

By Invitae Invitae Fatty Acid Oxidation Defects Panel that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 SLC25A20 CPT1A CPT2 NADK2 ETFA ETFB ETFDH HADH HADHA

More info about this panel

Invitae Ketogenesis Disorders Panel Panel

United States.

By Invitae Invitae Ketogenesis Disorders Panel that also includes the following genes: HMGCL HMGCS2

More info about this panel

Invitae Treatable Neurometabolic Disorders Panel Panel

United States.

By Invitae Invitae Treatable Neurometabolic Disorders Panel that also includes the following genes: SGSH SLC25A13 SLC25A15 SLC2A1 SLC6A8 BTD SPR TAT TH NPC2

More info about this panel

Inherited Metabolic Disorders: Sequencing Panel Panel

United States.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics Inherited Metabolic Disorders: Sequencing Panel that also includes the following genes: SGSH SLC17A5 SLC22A5 SLC25A13 SLC25A15 SLC7A7 SMPD1 SUCLG1 TAZ LPIN1

More info about this panel

Nuclear-Mito NGS Panel Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics Nuclear-Mito NGS Panel that also includes the following genes: RNASEL BCS1L RPL35A MRPL3 RYR1 RYR2 SACS ACSM3 SARDH ATXN7

More info about this panel

Fatty Acid Oxidation Deficiency NGS Panel Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics Fatty Acid Oxidation Deficiency NGS Panel that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 TAZ LPIN1 SLC25A20 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT1B CPT2 ETFA ETFB

More info about this panel

HMGCS2 Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics

This panel specifically test the HMGCS2 gene.

More info about this panel

Hyperammonemia and Urea Cycle Disorder Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Hyperammonemia and Urea Cycle Disorder Panel that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 SLC25A13 SLC25A15 SLC7A7 SUCLA2 SUCLG1 UMPS SLC25A20 NBAS NAGS

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Metabolism Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Comprehensive Metabolism Panel that also includes the following genes: BCS1L CNNM2 RYR1 CNNM4 SCN4A SEC23B SGSH SI SLC40A1 SLC12A3

More info about this panel

Fatty Acid Oxidation Syndrome Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Fatty Acid Oxidation Syndrome Panel that also includes the following genes: SLC22A5 TAZ LPIN1 SLC25A20 ACAD9 CPT1A CPT2 ECHS1 ETFA ETFB

More info about this panel

Hypoglycemia, Hyperinsulinism and Ketone Metabolism Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Hypoglycemia, Hyperinsulinism and Ketone Metabolism Panel that also includes the following genes: SLC16A1 SLC2A2 HNF1A UCP2 RBCK1 NHLRC1 PTF1A ACSF3 AGL ENO3

More info about this panel

HMG-COA SYNTHETASE DEFICIENCY Panel

Spain.

By Laboratorio de Genetica Clinica SL

This panel specifically test the HMGCS2 gene.

More info about this panel

HMG-CoA Sinthase Deficiency , Sequencing HMGCS2 Gene Panel

Spain.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics

This panel specifically test the HMGCS2 gene.

More info about this panel


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