GLI2 gene related symptoms and diseases

All the information presented here about the GLI2 gene and its related diseases, symptoms, and test panels has been aggregated from the following public sources: NCBIGENE,HGNC,ORPHANET,OMIM, Mendelian Rare Disease Search Engine.

Top 5 symptoms and clinical features associated to GLI2 gene

Symptoms // Phenotype % Cases
Growth hormone deficiency Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Midface retrusion Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Anterior pituitary hypoplasia Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Seizures Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases
Short stature Uncommon - Between 30% and 50% cases

Other less frequent symptoms and clinical features

Patients with GLI2 gene alterations may also develop some of the following symptoms and phenotypes:
  • Not very common - Between 30% and 50% cases

  • Polydactyly
  • Holoprosencephaly
  • Depressed nasal bridge
  • Rarely - Less than 30% cases

  • Hypotelorism
  • Pulmonic stenosis
  • Fatigue
  • Depressed nasal ridge
  • Malar flattening

And 163 more phenotypes, you can get all of them using our tools for rare diseases.

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Rare diseases associated to GLI2 gene

Here you will find a list of rare diseases related to the GLI2. You can also use our tool to get a more accurate diagnosis based on your current symptoms.


ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA


Alternate names

ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA Is also known as acute myeloid leukemia with t(15;17)(q22;q12);(pml/raralpha) and variants, acute myeloblastic leukemia 3, apml, aml m3, aml with t(15;17)(q22;q12);(pml/raralpha) and variants, leukemia, acute promyelocytic

Description

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is an aggressive form of acute myeloid leukemia (AML; see this term), characterized by arrest of leukocyte differentiation at the promyelocyte stage, due to a specific chromosomal translocation t(15;17) in myeloid cells. APL manifests with easy bruising, hemorrhagic diathesis and fatigue.

Most common symptoms of ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA

  • Leukemia
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia
  • Abnormal granulocytopoietic cell morphology


More info about ACUTE PROMYELOCYTIC LEUKEMIA

SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MESH

POSTAXIAL POLYDACTYLY-ANTERIOR PITUITARY ANOMALIES-FACIAL DYSMORPHISM SYNDROME


Alternate names

POSTAXIAL POLYDACTYLY-ANTERIOR PITUITARY ANOMALIES-FACIAL DYSMORPHISM SYNDROME Is also known as pallister-hall syndrome 2, formerly, culler-jones syndrome, phs2, formerly

Description

Postaxial polydactyly-anterior pituitary anomalies-facial dysmorphism syndrome is a rare, genetic developmental defect during embryogenesis disorder characterized primarily by congenital hypopituitarism and/or postaxial polydactyly. It can be associated with short stature, delayed bone age, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and/or midline facial defects (e.g. hypotelorism, mild midface hypoplasia, flat nasal bridge, and cleft lip and/or palate). Hypoplastic anterior pituitary and ectopic posterior pituitary lobe are frequent findings on MRI examination.

Most common symptoms of POSTAXIAL POLYDACTYLY-ANTERIOR PITUITARY ANOMALIES-FACIAL DYSMORPHISM SYNDROME

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Growth delay
  • Cleft palate


More info about POSTAXIAL POLYDACTYLY-ANTERIOR PITUITARY ANOMALIES-FACIAL DYSMORPHISM SYNDROME

SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET

HOLOPROSENCEPHALY 9; HPE9


Alternate names

HOLOPROSENCEPHALY 9; HPE9 Is also known as holoprosencephaly with microphthalmia and first branchial arch anomalies, pituitary anomalies with holoprosencephaly-like features

Description

Holoprosencephaly-9 refers to a disorder characterized by a wide phenotypic spectrum of brain developmental defects, with or without overt forebrain cleavage abnormalities. It usually includes midline craniofacial anomalies involving the first branchial arch and/or orbits, pituitary hypoplasia with panhypopituitarism, and postaxial polydactyly. The disorder shows incomplete penetrance and variable expressivity (summary by Roessler et al., 2003 and Bertolacini et al., 2012).For general phenotypic information and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of holoprosencephaly, see HPE1 (OMIM ).

Most common symptoms of HOLOPROSENCEPHALY 9; HPE9

  • Seizures
  • Global developmental delay
  • Short stature
  • Microcephaly
  • Cryptorchidism


More info about HOLOPROSENCEPHALY 9; HPE9

SOURCES: OMIM

GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR


Alternate names

GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR Is also known as gastrointestinal stromal sarcoma, gist

Description

Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most common mesenchymal neoplasm of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, typically presenting in adults over the age of 40 (mean age 63), and only rarely in children, in various regions of the GI tract, most commonly the stomach or small intestine but also less commonly in the esophagus, appendix, rectum and colon. GISTs can be asymptomatic or present with various non-specific signs, depending on the location and size of tumor, such as loss of appetite, anemia, weight loss, fatigue, abdominal discomfort or fullness, nausea, vomiting, as well as an abdominal mass, blood in stool, and intestinal obstruction. GISTs can also be seen in familial syndromes such as Carney triad and neurofibromatosis type 1.

Most common symptoms of GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR

  • Neoplasm
  • Pain
  • Anemia
  • Fever
  • Fatigue


More info about GASTROINTESTINAL STROMAL TUMOR

SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MESH

COMBINED PITUITARY HORMONE DEFICIENCIES, GENETIC FORMS


Alternate names

COMBINED PITUITARY HORMONE DEFICIENCIES, GENETIC FORMS Is also known as multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies, genetic forms, familial congenital hypopituitarism

Description

Congenital hypopituitarism is characterized by multiple pituitary hormone deficiency, including somatotroph, thyrotroph, lactotroph, corticotroph or gonadotroph deficiencies, due to mutations of pituitary transcription factors involved in pituitary ontogenesis. Congenital hypopituitarism is rare compared with the high incidence of hypopituitarism induced by pituitary adenomas, transsphenoidal surgery or radiotherapy.

Most common symptoms of COMBINED PITUITARY HORMONE DEFICIENCIES, GENETIC FORMS

  • Intellectual disability
  • Seizures
  • Short stature
  • Generalized hypotonia
  • Hearing impairment


More info about COMBINED PITUITARY HORMONE DEFICIENCIES, GENETIC FORMS

SOURCES: OMIM ORPHANET MESH

SEMILOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY


Description

Semilobar holoprosencephaly is one of the classical forms of holoprosencephaly (HPE; see this term) in which the left and right frontal and parietal lobes are fused and the interhemispheric fissure is only present posteriorly.


More info about SEMILOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY

SOURCES: ORPHANET

SEPTOPREOPTIC HOLOPROSENCEPHALY


Alternate names

SEPTOPREOPTIC HOLOPROSENCEPHALY Is also known as septopreoptic hpe

Description

Septopreoptic holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a very rare subtype of lobar HPE (see this term) characterized by midline fusion limited to the septal and/or preoptic regions of the telencephalon without a significant frontal neocortical fusion.


More info about SEPTOPREOPTIC HOLOPROSENCEPHALY

SOURCES: ORPHANET

LOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY


Description

Lobar holoprosencephaly is the mildest classical form of holoprosencephaly (HPE; see this term) characterized by separation of the right and left cerebral hemispheres and lateral ventricules with some continuity across the frontal neocortex, especially rostrally and ventrally.


More info about LOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY

SOURCES: ORPHANET

ALOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY


Description

Alobar holoprosencephaly is the most severe classical form of holoprosencephaly (HPE; see this term) characterized by a single brain ventricle and no interhemispheric fissure.


More info about ALOBAR HOLOPROSENCEPHALY

SOURCES: ORPHANET

MIDLINE INTERHEMISPHERIC VARIANT OF HOLOPROSENCEPHALY


Alternate names

MIDLINE INTERHEMISPHERIC VARIANT OF HOLOPROSENCEPHALY Is also known as mihf, mihv, middle interhemispheric variant of holoprosencephaly, mih, mih type hpe, syntelencephaly, middle interhemispheric fusion variant

Description

Midline interhemispheric variant of holoprosencephaly (MIH) or syntelencephaly is a form of holoprosencephaly (HPE; see this term) characterized by non-separation of the posterior frontal and parietal lobes, normally-formed callosal genu and splenium, absence of the callosal body, normally-separated hypothalamus and lentiform nucleus, and frequent heterotopic gray matter.


More info about MIDLINE INTERHEMISPHERIC VARIANT OF HOLOPROSENCEPHALY

SOURCES: ORPHANET


Potential gene panels for GLI2 gene

NGS Epilepsy/Seizure Panel Panel

United States.

By Greenwood Genetic Center Diagnostic Laboratories Greenwood Genetic Center NGS Epilepsy/Seizure Panel that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN5A SCN8A SCN9A SHH ST3GAL3 ST3GAL5 STIL

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Brain Malformation Panel Panel

United States.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University Comprehensive Brain Malformation Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH STIL SIX3 SLC9A6 SOX2 CDKL5 TGIF1 MED12 CEP41 TUBA8

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel

United States.

By Knight Diagnostic Laboratories - Molecular Diagnostic Center Oregon Health & Science University Holoprosencephaly that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON DISP1 DLL1 FGF8 FOXH1 GAS1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Sequencing Panel Panel

United States.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago Holoprosencephaly Sequencing Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH STIL SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON FGF8 FGFR1 GLI2 PTCH1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Deletion/Duplication Panel Panel

United States.

By Genetic Services Laboratory University of Chicago Holoprosencephaly Deletion/Duplication Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH STIL SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON FGF8 FGFR1 GLI2 PTCH1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel, Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication Panel

United States.

By ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics Holoprosencephaly Panel, Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 DISP1 FGF8 FOXH1 GLI2 NODAL PTCH1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel, Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication, Fetal Panel

United States.

By ARUP Laboratories, Molecular Genetics and Genomics Holoprosencephaly Panel, Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication, Fetal that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 DISP1 FGF8 FOXH1 GLI2 NODAL PTCH1

More info about this panel

GLI2. Complete sequencing Panel

Spain.

By Instituto de Medicina Genomica Instituto de Medicina Genomica

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly 9 (sequence analysis of GLI2 gene) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly (NGS panel for 9 genes) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics Holoprosencephaly (NGS panel for 9 genes) that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON FGF8 GLI2 GLI3 PTCH1

More info about this panel

Septooptic dysplasia (NGS panel for 17 genes) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics Septooptic dysplasia (NGS panel for 17 genes) that also includes the following genes: SLC12A6 SOX2 SOX3 LHX4 EPG5 TAX1BP3 FGF8 FGFR2 GH1 GLI2

More info about this panel

Septooptic dysplasia (NGS panel for 17 genes) Panel

Portugal.

By CGC Genetics Septooptic dysplasia (NGS panel for 17 genes) that also includes the following genes: SLC12A6 SOX2 SOX3 LHX4 EPG5 TAX1BP3 FGF8 FGFR2 GH1 GLI2

More info about this panel

Congenital Abnormalities of the Kidney and Urinary Tract (CAKUT) Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Congenital Abnormalities of the Kidney and Urinary Tract (CAKUT) Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: ROBO2 SALL1 BMP4 BMP7 SIX1 SIX2 SIX5 SOX11 TBX18 HNF1B

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly, Autosomal Dominant, Nonsyndromic, Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Holoprosencephaly, Autosomal Dominant, Nonsyndromic, Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON DISP1 DLL1 FGF8 FOXH1 GAS1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly-9 (Autosomal Dominant, Nonsyndromic) via GLI2 Gene Sequencing with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

Combined Pituitary Hormone Deficiency (CPHD) Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection Panel

United States.

By PreventionGenetics PreventionGenetics Combined Pituitary Hormone Deficiency (CPHD) Sequencing Panel with CNV Detection that also includes the following genes: SOX2 SOX3 LHX4 GLI2 HESX1 LHX3 OTX2 POU1F1 PROP1

More info about this panel

Mental retardation - different panels Panel

Germany.

By Institute of Human Genetics Uniklinik RWTH Aachen Mental retardation - different panels that also includes the following genes: RGS7 RIT1 RMRP BCS1L RPL10 RPS6KA3 RRAS SALL1 SC5D ATXN10

More info about this panel

Brain Malformations / Neuronal Migration Disorders Panel

Germany.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center Brain Malformations / Neuronal Migration Disorders that also includes the following genes: RPL10 RPS6KA3 SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN8A SGCE SGSH STIL SLC16A2

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel

Germany.

By MGZ Medical Genetics Center Holoprosencephaly that also includes the following genes: CDON DISP1 FGF8 FOXH1 GLI2 NODAL PTCH1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly panel Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company Holoprosencephaly panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON FGF8 GLI2 GLI3 PTCH1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly-9 Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

AllNeuro panel Panel

Germany.

By Centogene AG - the Rare Disease Company AllNeuro panel that also includes the following genes: BCS1L ROR2 RPL10 BDNF RPS6KA3 RTN2 RYR1 SACS BIN1 SBF1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel Panel

Germany.

By CeGaT GmbH Holoprosencephaly Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON GLI2 PTCH1

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel Panel

Germany.

By CeGaT GmbH Holoprosencephaly Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON GLI2 PTCH1

More info about this panel

Single gene testing GLI2 Panel

Germany.

By CeGaT GmbH

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

GLI2-Related Holoprosencephaly Panel

Netherlands.

By Clinical Genomics Maastricht University Medical Centre

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

qGenEx Craniofacial Anomalies Panel

Spain.

By Quantitative Genomic Medicine Laboratories, SL qGenEx Craniofacial Anomalies that also includes the following genes: RUNX2 SALL1 TSHZ1 BMP4 SEMA3E SF3B4 SH3BP2 SHH SIX1 SIX3

More info about this panel

Invitae Holoprosencephaly Panel Panel

United States.

By Invitae Invitae Holoprosencephaly Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 GLI2

More info about this panel

HOLOPROSENCEPHALY Panel

Spain.

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases HOLOPROSENCEPHALY that also includes the following genes: SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON DLL1 FGF8 FOXH1 GAS1 GLI2 NODAL

More info about this panel

Septooptic dysplasia Panel

Spain.

By GENETAQ Molecular Genetics Centre and Diagnosis of Rare Diseases Septooptic dysplasia that also includes the following genes: SOX2 SOX3 LHX4 FGF8 GLI2 HESX1 LHX3 OTX2 PAX6

More info about this panel

Proportionate Short Stature/Small for Gestational Age: Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication Panel Panel

United States.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics Proportionate Short Stature/Small for Gestational Age: Sequencing and Deletion/Duplication Panel that also includes the following genes: ROR2 RPS6KA3 BLM SHOX SHOX2 SMARCAL1 SMC1A SOS1 SOX2 SOX3

More info about this panel

Neurology: Sequencing Panel Panel

United States.

By EGL Genetic Diagnostics Eurofins Clinical Diagnostics Neurology: Sequencing Panel that also includes the following genes: SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN8A SCN9A SHH ST3GAL3 ST3GAL5 STIL SIX3

More info about this panel

Epilepsy NGS Panel Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics Epilepsy NGS Panel that also includes the following genes: BCS1L SCN10A SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN2B SCN3A SCN4A SCN4B SCN5A

More info about this panel

Holoproscencephaly NGS Panel Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics Holoproscencephaly NGS Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON GLI2 PTCH1

More info about this panel

GLI2 Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Epilepsy NGS Panel Panel

United States.

By Fulgent Genetics Fulgent Genetics Comprehensive Epilepsy NGS Panel that also includes the following genes: BCS1L RYR3 SCN10A SCN1A SCN1B SCN2A SCN2B SCN3A SCN4A SCN4B

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Holoprosencephaly Panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON FGF8 FGFR1 FOXH1 GLI2 GLI3

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Short Stature Syndrome Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Comprehensive Short Stature Syndrome Panel that also includes the following genes: RIT1 BCS1L RRAS SHOX BRAF SMC1A SOS1 SOX2 SOX3 STAT5B

More info about this panel

Short Rib Dysplasia / Asphyxiating Thoracic Dysplasia Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Short Rib Dysplasia / Asphyxiating Thoracic Dysplasia Panel that also includes the following genes: IFT122 WDR19 EVC2 WDR60 TCTN3 TTC21B CSPP1 WDR34 IFT140 WDR35

More info about this panel

Ciliopathy Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Ciliopathy Panel that also includes the following genes: SDCCAG8 CEP41 CFAP410 USP9X ZIC3 ARL6 NEK8 IFT122 IFT81 TMEM237

More info about this panel

Comprehensive Growth Disorders / Skeletal Dysplasias and Disorders Panel Panel

Finland.

By Blueprint Genetics Comprehensive Growth Disorders / Skeletal Dysplasias and Disorders Panel that also includes the following genes: RIT1 RMRP BCS1L ROR2 BGN RRAS RUNX2 BMP1 BMP2 SEC24D

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly type 9 Panel

Spain.

By Bioarray

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

HOLOPROSENCEPHALY NGS PANEL Panel

Spain.

By Laboratorio de Genetica Clinica SL HOLOPROSENCEPHALY NGS PANEL that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON DLL1 FGF8 FGFR1 FOXH1 GAS1

More info about this panel

Providence Personalized Medicine Panel - Solid Tumor Panel

United States.

By Providence Regional Laboratories Providence Health and Services Providence Personalized Medicine Panel - Solid Tumor that also includes the following genes: BCR ROS1 RUNX1 SDHA SDHB SDHC SDHD SF3B1 SRSF2 FOXL2

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly , Sequencing GLI2 Gene Panel

Spain.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics

This panel specifically test the GLI2 gene.

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly, Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 8 Genes Panel

Spain.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics Holoprosencephaly, Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 8 Genes that also includes the following genes: SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON FGF8 GLI2 NODAL PTCH1

More info about this panel

Ellis-Van Creveld Syndrome , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 6 Genes Panel

Spain.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics Ellis-Van Creveld Syndrome , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 6 Genes that also includes the following genes: EVC2 WDR35 IFT80 DYNC2H1 EVC GLI2

More info about this panel

Septo-Optic Dysplasia , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 9 Genes Panel

Spain.

By Reference Laboratory Genetics Septo-Optic Dysplasia , Panel Massive Sequencing (NGS) 9 Genes that also includes the following genes: SOX2 SOX3 LHX4 FGF8 GLI2 HESX1 LHX3 OTX2 PAX6

More info about this panel

Tempus xO assay Panel

United States.

By Tempus Labs, Inc. Tempus xO assay that also includes the following genes: BCL6 RHEB RIPK1 RIPK2 RIPK3 RIT1 BCL7A BCL9 BCR ROBO2

More info about this panel

Holoprosencephaly: gene sequencing panel Panel

Canada.

By CEN4GEN Institute for Genomics and Molecular Diagnostics Holoprosencephaly: gene sequencing panel that also includes the following genes: SHH SIX3 TGIF1 ZIC2 CDON DISP1 DLL1 FGF8 FOXH1 GAS1

More info about this panel


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